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76 Ground Access to Major Airports by Public Transportation of the highly centralized landside configuration of the airport, all buses, vans, and hotel shut- tles leave from a single fixed-slot loading point: they are each assigned a parking place and, thus, do not circle around the airport, as is common at most U.S. airports. The reconstruction and improvement of this transfer area is continuing in 2007. Rail. The Atlanta airport was constructed with a rapid transit station for MARTA in the arrival area of the airport's landside terminal. The entrance to the rail station is closer to baggage claim than are the taxi, limousine, and bus services at the airport. The Atlanta transfer point is part of a highly centralized baggage pickup area, with an escalator connection to the transit station above. In a 1997 airport survey, about 8% of originating airline passengers arrived at the airport on the MARTA rapid transit service. At present about 10% of airline passengers choose rail. MARTA's market share is consistent with the high quality of connections that the system offers. The connections seem to be valued by travelers more than cost savings: in 1990, 54% of those surveyed said they chose MARTA for reasons of convenience; 24% said they chose MARTA because of cost savings. About 6% of those surveyed reported that they chose MARTA because they had no other options. Importantly, the survey showed that MARTA was capturing the busi- ness traveler, with 82% of the weekday airline passengers on the train traveling for business or convention purposes. Only 16% of airline passengers on the train were taking a personal or vaca- tion trip. About 27% of airline passengers leaving the airport were going to CBD stations; 32% would walk from the train to their destination, while 28% are picked up. Of airline passengers who used rail, 9% carried three or more pieces of baggage (18). Had the rail service not been available, 46% would have accessed the airport by car, and 36% would have accessed the airport by taxi or limousine. Bus. A system of shuttles within the metropolitan area operates every 15 minutes, while a system of shuttles to destinations outside of the metropolitan area departs every 30 minutes. A wide variety of privately owned companies provide the shuttle services, in addition to compa- nies providing only limousine services. Denver (14% Market Share) Market Share U.S. Rank Airport Total Rail Bus/Van 9 Denver International Airport 14% 0% 14% SOURCE: TCRP Report 62 (16 ) The Airport. Denver International Airport is located about 27 miles from the center of Denver. The airport served about 43.4 MAP in 2005; of these, some 9.8 million were originating passengers. Under conditions of no highway congestion, the driving time from the airport to downtown is 31 minutes. The airport currently attracts about 1.4 million travelers per year who use public, high-occupancy modes to the airport. Connections at the Airport. The new Denver International Airport has a unique multilevel landside terminal structure, in which the baggage claim level (Terminal Level 5) is used by a wide variety of ground access services. Passengers being picked up by private automobile must take their bags to a different level to find the automobile pick-up area. There are two public mode transfer spaces: one on the east side of the concourse and one on the west side. The immediate curb is for public passenger drop-off; Island 1 is for limousines; Island 2 is for Mountain Carriers, shuttles to mountain resorts; Island 3 is for hotel shuttles; and Island 4 is for rental car shuttles. All public transportation services and scheduled bus services are located on Island 5, located farthest from the terminal area.