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78 Ground Access to Major Airports by Public Transportation person (two bags), and bags must be checked in 3 hours before scheduled flight time. About six major airlines are currently cooperating in the program. Shared-Ride Van. Use of shared-ride vans at the airport increased from about 2% in 1987 to 5% in 1993 (16). As part of a commitment to improve customer service and respond to regional efforts to comply with air quality standards, LAWA has limited the number of shared- ride van concession agreements. This program has significantly reduced the number of shared- ride companies allowed to pick up on-demand passengers at the airport and is expected to increase the occupancies in the shared-ride vans. At present, shared-ride services are provided by Prime Time Shuttle and Super Shuttle. Baltimore/Washington (12% Market Share) Market Share U.S. Rank Airport Total Rail Bus/Van 11 Baltimore/Washington 12% 3% 9% International Thurgood MARC 2% Marshall Airport Metro 1% SOURCE: 2005 Washington-Baltimore Regional Air Passenger Survey (15) The Airport. The Baltimore/Washington airport is located about 11 miles from downtown Baltimore and 32 miles from the center of Washington, D.C. The airport served about 20.2 MAP in 2005; of these, some 7.6 million were originating passengers. Under conditions of no highway congestion, the driving time from the airport to downtown is 42 minutes. The airport currently attracts about 0.9 million travelers per year who use public, high-occupancy modes to the airport. Connections at the Airport. Baltimore/Washington airport has a wide variety of con- necting services. For those traveling north to Baltimore, the light rail services connect directly to the international terminal. For those traveling south to the Washington, D.C. area, a shut- tle bus operates from the airport to the Greenbelt station on the Green Line. A shuttle bus con- nects the airport terminal area with the BWI Rail Station, served by MARC and Amtrak. The airport runs a taxi service of owner-operators from the airport, but all taxis are allowed to carry passengers to the airport. Only two shuttle van operators are allowed on the controlled inner curb area; others operate more informally from an outer curb area near the parking garage. The combined rental car facility is several miles from the airport, with a single multiuser bus operation connecting with the airport. Individual rental companies are not allowed to serve the inner curb area. Rail. The combination of Amtrak and MARC services are currently capturing about 2% of the market, with somewhat less than 1% attracted to the Metro shuttle bus to Greenbelt. The market share of airline passengers attracted to the light rail is well under 1%. Bus/Van. Much of the marketing strategy at Baltimore/Washington airport is directed toward capturing metropolitan Washington air travelers. Looking only at that market, the con- sumers' response to new ground transportation services has been encouraging. Ridership on the new Washington, D.C., door-to-door van services increased 125% in 1996 over 1995 ridership, and ridership in 1997 was about 80% above 1996 levels. Door-to-door van service to Prince George's and Montgomery Counties increased 38% in 1996, and early 1997 volumes were about 36% ahead of 1996 rates. The combination of bus and limousine attracts about 10% of the market share; thus, the mar- ket share for shared-ride services is somewhat less than 9% (excluding single-party limousines