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82 Ground Access to Major Airports by Public Transportation example) at the southernmost end of the air terminal complex. Airporter buses also depart from this point. Public transportation buses use the arrivals level roadway at a point south of the terminal area. Bus/Van. Traditional public transportation bus services are offered by both King County Metro and Sound Transit. Included in these services are unique dual-powered buses that oper- ate on gas in the express bus lane on Interstate 5 and then convert to electric propulsion in the downtown bus tunnel. This tunnel will become a shared tunnel serving both buses and light rail upon completion of construction. The Gray Line runs an airporter service to a downtown hotel loop. Ten other companies offer bus and van services around the region. Together, all the sched- uled services attract about 4% mode share. All shared-ride van service to the airport is provided by Shuttle Express, which attracts more than 6% of market share. Portland (10% Market Share) Market Share U.S. Rank Airport Total Rail Bus/Van 16 Portland International Airport 10% 6% 4% SOURCE: Terminal Access Study (23) The Airport. Portland International Airport is located about 12 miles from the center of Portland. The airport served about 13.9 MAP in 2005; of these, some 5.4 million were originat- ing passengers. Under conditions of no highway congestion, the driving time from the airport to downtown is 16 minutes. The airport currently attracts about 0.5 million travelers who use public, high-occupancy modes to the airport. Connections at the Airport. The Portland airport has a centralized configuration, with all baggage claim in one location. Across from the baggage claim area, a ground transportation center has been built within the central garage structure. In various island locations, rental cars, shuttle vans, and courtesy vehicles all depart from a relatively small area. The light rail station has been built on the same level as baggage claim, which makes for a very convenient connec- tion for travelers with baggage. Rail. Light rail service has been inaugurated to downtown, with good regional connections to other transit centers. The train trip takes about 35 minutes to downtown, which is competi- tive with automobile times during peak periods, and costs $2. At present, rail attracts more than 5% of market share. There are six longer distance shuttle operators. Sixteen companies are listed as providing door-to- door shared-ride services. Buses and vans capture more than 4% of airline passenger market share. Chicago Midway (9% Market Share) Market Share U.S. Rank Airport Total Rail Bus/Van 17 Midway International Airport 9% 5.5% 4% SOURCE: Chicago Origin-Destination Survey Report (20) The Airport. Chicago's Midway International Airport is located about 11.8 miles from the center of Chicago. The airport served about 17.7 MAP in 2005; of these, some 5.9 million were originating passengers. Under conditions of no highway congestion, the driving time from the airport to downtown is 19 minutes. The airport currently attracts about 0.5 million travel- ers per year who use public, high-occupancy modes to the airport.