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Public Transportation Market Share by Airport 85 The Airport. Washington Dulles International Airport is located about 33 miles from the center of Washington, D.C. The airport served about 26.8 MAP in 2005; of these, some 6.5 mil- lion were originating passengers. The average driving time to DC was calculated by MWCOG at 51 minutes. The airport currently attracts about 0.5 million travelers per year who use public, high-occupancy modes to the airport. Connections at the Airport. Dulles airport is one of the most highly centralized airport con- figurations in the United States, with all landside functions occurring in one structure. The curb system at the arrivals level allows for a single point of departure for public mode services. Rail. Travelers from Dulles airport can access the Washington MetroRail system via a sched- uled bus service between Dulles and West Falls Church station. The service operates every half hour, for a fare of $9, and takes about 30 minutes. Line time to downtown is then under 25 min- utes. This service attracts somewhat less than 1% of the ground access market. Bus/Van. All shared-ride services from Dulles airport are provided under a franchise agree- ment with Super Shuttle, Inc. The use of traditional coach bus services has evolved considerably over the past decade. For years, the Washington Flyer coach served a fixed route between Dulles and a terminal area at or near the Capital Hilton, near K Street in Washington, D.C. Now the larger coach service is offered only to the Falls Church station of the Metrorail system. The shared-ride van system at Dulles captures a market share of about 7% of airline passengers. As noted in TCRP Report 62, the market share for the Dulles express bus service had been decreasing for two decades, from 15% in 1978 to 9% in 1982, 5% in 1994, and 4% in 1997. During this time, the market area served by Dulles airport shifted from primarily downtown Washington to Northern Virginia, influenced by the increasing airline service available at the airport. New York LaGuardia (8% Market Share) Market Share U.S. Rank Airport Total Rail Bus/Van 22 LaGuardia Airport 8% 1% 7% SOURCE: Metropolitan Transportation Authority New York (11) The Airport. LaGuardia Airport is located about 9 miles from the center of Manhattan. The airport served about 26.7 MAP in 2005; of these, some 11.3 million were originating passengers. Under conditions of no highway congestion, the driving time from the airport to downtown is 17 minutes. The airport currently attracts about 0.9 million travelers per year who use public, high-occupancy modes to the airport. Connections at the Airport. LaGuardia has traditionally been a difficult airport for ground transportation services because of its four decentralized terminals. With two stops in the central terminal area, and one each at the US Airways and Delta terminals, bus service must also pro- vide access to the Marine Air Terminal, currently the location of the Delta Shuttle, located some distance from the central terminal area. In some years, the bus service from Grand Central Station operated a separate bus for the Marine Air Terminal, but currently all buses must serve all five stops in the LaGuardia facility. Rail. Local bus service is available to several New York City subway stations, including Jackson Heights and Astoria Boulevard stations. These two rail transfer points are actually closer to LaGuardia than Coliseum Station is to Oakland airport; nevertheless, rail service has accounted for less than 1% of the LaGuardia access market.