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94 Ground Access to Major Airports by Public Transportation Shanghai (51% Market Share) Market Share European/Asian Rank Airport Total Rail Bus 4 Shanghai Pudong 51% 6% 45% International Airport SOURCE: "The Characteristic Analysis of Passengers' Selection of Ground Transport Mode Connecting Shanghai Pudong International Airport and the Downtown Area" (8) The Airport. Shanghai Pudong International Airport is located 18 miles from downtown Shanghai and served more than 21 MAP in 2005. Built in 1999, it serves mainly international travel, with a second, older airport, Hongquiao, serving the domestic market. A taxi trip to downtown takes about 70 minutes, at a cost of about $10. Connections at the Airport. The passenger terminal at Pudong International Airport is con- nected by a long walking bridge directly to the station for the maglev train to the downtown. The connection can be made without exposure to weather. Rail/Maglev. The extremely high-speed maglev train makes the trip to downtown in about 8 minutes and costs about $7. Surveys presented to the Transportation Research Board have established that the buses as a whole capture 45% of the ground access market, while the maglev captures only 6% of the market. Bus. Costing around $3, a set of bus services offers direct services to a wide variety of city destinations. Six separate routes are offered from the airport, with headways ranging between 15 minutes (to a downtown air terminal) and 30 minutes (to a football stadium). Market Characteristics. A discussion of the relative importance of fast line-haul speed versus directness of service is presented in Chapter 3. Zurich (47% Market Share) Market Share European/Asian Rank Airport Total Rail Bus 5 Zurich Airport 47% 42% 5% SOURCE: Vergleich internationaler Flughäfen (27 ) The Airport. Zurich Airport is located in the town of Kloten, about 7 miles from the center of Zurich. The drive to downtown can take about 20 minutes, with taxi fares of about $35. The airport has suffered a loss of traffic since the demise of its principal hub airline, Swissair, and the relative role of Zurich as a transferring hub has substantially decreased. The airport handled more than 19 MAP in 2006. Connections at the Airport. Zurich Airport was one of the first to build a rail station under- ground beneath the major landside terminals. The compact configuration of Zurich Airport allows for direct connection from the rail station to both Terminals A and B. In fact, the two terminals have now been joined to create one common departure/waiting area for most passen- gers; this combined landside facility also serves a new midfield terminal. Most of the additional check-in terminals associated with the physical expansion of the terminals have been placed within the upper lobby of the rail station.