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Public Transportation Market Share by Airport 97 Bus. An aggressive program of bus operations to UK airports is now under way, with direct service from the London bus terminal near Victoria and Liverpool Street Station to Stansted, at prices lower than the rail. Over time, bus ridership has risen from 10.2% in 2003 to 11.4% in 2004. Market Characteristics. Managers of the rail system have seen a significant rise in mode share to rail, from less than 10% to 29% in the last decade. Analysts note that, in the past, Stansted air travelers did not tend to come from the London area. Market data showed that, for the small portion of travelers who did come from central London, their mode share to rail was extremely high, at a capture rate of more than 50%. Over the past 5 years, a greater proportion of Stansted air travelers are now coming from London, resulting in a higher airport-wide mode share for rail. Paris Charles de Gaulle (40% Market Share) Market Share European/Asian Rank Airport Total Rail Bus 8 Paris Charles de Gaulle 40% 27% 13% Airport RER 21% TGV 6% SOURCE: Aroports de Paris (31) The Airport. Located 15 miles north of Paris, Charles de Gaulle International Airport is the dominant airport in not only Paris, but also France. The airport's passenger volume was more than 56 million in 2006. A rail station has been built in the center of a new air terminal complex. Ground access time on the motorways from downtown Paris varies from 30 minutes to more than 1 hour in heavy congestion. Taxi fares are about $50. Connections at the Airport. A shuttle bus connects Terminal 1 with the original Regional Express Network (RER) station, which is 1 mile away. In 1998, a second rail station incorporat- ing both high-speed national service and the regional RER was opened in the new Terminal 2 complex. The current long-term plans for the airport call for the creation of a people-mover system; earlier attempts at building an innovative system failed. Currently, Terminal 1 is con- nected to the rail stations by a shuttle bus. Rail. Line Haul to Downtown. Regional services are capturing 21% of the ground access market. The airport is served by both metropolitan and national rail services. The electrified sub- urban rail network, known as the RER Line B, provides service every 15 minutes to downtown, with direct service to many downtown stations that offer quick connections to the rapid transit system (Metro). The RER Line B provides a 35-minute travel time from the airport to downtown Paris, for less than $10. Connections to the National System. Over the past decade there has been a rapid increase in the importance of the national high-speed rail system at Charles de Gaulle airport. At present, the national service attracts 6% of the ground access market. These services provide high-speed rail as far north as Brussels, and to the Mediterranean coast to the south. Aroports de Paris is currently working with the national railroad authority to create a new express service into Paris, reportedly with an 18-minute travel time. Bus. Buses are capturing 13% of the market. Bus service is provided by Air France and the local public transit operator, the RATP. The Air France bus costs more than $10 between the airport and downtown; the "Roissybus" to the bus station next to the opera house costs somewhat less.