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OCR for page 39
40 Additional Funding Added Time for Tech. Transfer Senior Management Support for New Need Technology Added Involvement of Researcher/Developer Tech. Transfer Process Efficiency Enhancement Contact with External Peers Enhanced Technical Expertise n = 38 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 Number of Responses FIGURE 14 Needs--Pulling technology in--State DOTs. (Multiple responses were permitted.) activities. The effects of applying the guidelines are increased Group discussion and consensus; efficiency of evaluation activities, higher probability of suc- Influence diagrams; cessful adoption, and improved communication and sharing Scoring models; of evaluation data among agencies (Worcester Polytechnic Sensitivity analysis; and Institute 2000). The steps in the evaluation approach are: Strength, weakness, opportunities, and threats analyses. Screen the innovation, Address the evaluation implications, OTHER NEEDS IDENTIFIED Identify the characteristics, Identify the effects of the innovation, Other needs have been identified through a TRB Work- Assess the fit of the innovation, shop, Optimizing the Dissemination and Implementation of Assess the feasibility of the innovation, Research Results, sponsored by the TRB Committees on Verify raised issues and develop evaluation criteria, Conduct of Research and Technology Transfer. The com- Apply evaluation methods, and mittees conducted the workshop in May 2003 and have Plan for implementation. since published an electronic document summarizing The tools for evaluation are: the workshop and 2003 mid-year committee meeting activ- ities (http://www.trb.org/news/blurb_detail.asp?id=4439). The Action plans; workshop topics included the following: Cause-and-effect diagrams; Checklists; New techniques and methods for sharing preliminary Costbenefit analysis; research findings, Expert opinion; Efficient dissemination of published materials, Contact with External Peers More Time for Tech. Transfer Tech. Transfer Process Efficiency Tools/Techniques Need Additional Funding Greater Involvement with Researcher Greater Senior Mgmt. Support Enhanced Expertise for Technology Selection n = 14 0 2 4 6 8 Number of Responses FIGURE 15 Needs--Pulling technology in--LTAP/TTAP. (Multiple responses were permitted.)

OCR for page 39
41 Developing appropriate materials for the implementa- sponsors, users, and technology transfer agents so that tion of research results, results will be communicated effectively to the various Guidelines--dos and don'ts of implementation, and audiences. Identifying barriers to dissemination and implementation. Encourage the use of incentives to promote implemen- tation activity, including financial, travel, recognition, The priority action items--needs--that emerged from this and others. Promote the use of SP&R funds to support workshop and subsequent meetings are listed here ("Opti- these activities. mizing the Dissemination and Implementation of Research Support adequate funding and long-term continuity for Results" 2003): the National Transportation Library. Promote the recog- nition of the library as a key resource for research dis- Conduct a study to document best practices for research semination and implementation. implementation, including a benchmarking effort. Develop a guide to support implementation activities, At the time of this writing, work was also being done on including contract verbiage, implementation plans, the further development of the Technology Transfer Tool- reporting mechanisms, and training tools. box. The effort is now moving from a broad scoping process Develop a framework and strategies for engaging end- to a preliminary design phase. This preliminary design will users in all steps of the research process. Strategies should include a model of the implementation planning tools that promote a dissemination mindset within researchers, will serve as a proof of concept (see also Appendix H).