Cover Image

Not for Sale



View/Hide Left Panel
Click for next page ( 136


The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 135
Guidelines for Transportation Emergency Training Exercises ATTACHMENT 3 NEEDS ASSESSMENT TEMPLATE 135

OCR for page 135
Guidelines for Transportation Emergency Training Exercises Needs Assessment 1. Hazards List the various hazards in your community or transportation agency. What risks are you most likely to face? You can use the following checklist as a starting point. Note: If your community has already conducted a hazard analysis, begin with that resource. Airplane crash Sustained power failure Dam failure Terrorism Drought Tornado Earthquake Train derailment Epidemic (biological attack) Tsunami Fire/firestorm Volcanic eruption Flood Wildfire Hazardous material spill/release Winter storm Hostage/shooting Workplace violence Hurricane Other _______________________________ Landslide/mudslide Other _______________________________ Mass fatality incident Other _______________________________ Radiological release Other _______________________________ 2. Secondary Hazards What secondary effects from those hazards are likely to impact your organization? Communication system breakdown Overwhelmed medical/mortuary services Power outages Other _______________________________ Transportation blockages Other _______________________________ Business interruptions Other _______________________________ Mass evacuations/displaced population Other _______________________________ 3. Hazard Priority What are the highest-priority hazards? Consider such factors as: Frequency of occurrence Relative likelihood of occurrence Magnitude and intensity Location (affecting critical areas or infrastructure) Spatial extent Speed of onset and availability of warning Potential severity of consequences to people, critical facilities, community functions, and property Potential cascading events (e.g., damage to chemical processing plant, dam failure) #1 Priority hazard: ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ #2 Priority hazard: ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ #3 Priority hazard: ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ 136

OCR for page 135
Guidelines for Transportation Emergency Training Exercises 4. Area What geographic areas or facility locations are most vulnerable to the high-priority hazards? ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ 5. Plans and Procedures What plans and procedures (e.g., emergency response plan, contingency plan, operational plan, and standard operating procedures) will guide your organization's response to an emergency? ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ 6. Functions What emergency management functions are most in need of rehearsal? (What functions have not been exercised recently? Where have difficulties occurred in the past?) You can use the following checklist as a starting point. Alert notification (emergency response) Emergency public information (EPI) Public safety Continuity of government or operations Warning (public) Damage assessment Public works/engineering Health and medical Communications Individual/family assistance Transportation Other _______________________________ Coordination and control Other _______________________________ Resource management Other _______________________________ 7. Participants Who (agencies, departments, operational units, or personnel) needs to participate in an exercise? For example: Have any entities updated their plans and procedures? Have any changed policies or staff? Who is designated for emergency management responsibility in your plans and procedures? With whom does your organization need to collaborate in an emergency? What do your regulatory requirements call for? What personnel can you reasonably expect to devote to developing an exercise? List participating agencies, departments, operational units, and personnel who might be likely participants: ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ 137

OCR for page 135
Guidelines for Transportation Emergency Training Exercises Self-Assessment: Resources and Costs Plans How familiar are you with the emergency plans, policies, and procedures of your organization or jurisdiction? Very familiar Generally familiar Familiar with only a portion Not familiar--need to thoroughly review plans, policies, and procedures Time How far in advance would your organization realistically have to schedule to plan and design each of the following exercise activities effectively? Orientation ________________________________ Drill ________________________________ Tabletop ________________________________ Functional exercise ________________________________ Full-scale exercise ________________________________ How much preparation time can reasonably be allocated to developing an exercise? Actual person days: Elapsed time to exercise: Experience When was your organization's last exercise? What is your previous experience with exercises? (Check all that apply.) Orientation: Presenter Participant Drill: Controller Participant Tabletop: Facilitator Participant Functional exercise: Controller Simulator Player Evaluator Full-scale exercise: Controller Responder Evaluator Victim Took part in postexercise debrief. Helped write an evaluation report. 138

OCR for page 135
Guidelines for Transportation Emergency Training Exercises Self-Assessment: Resources and Costs (Continued) What other exercise-related experience is available in your organization? Facilities What physical facilities do you use when conducting an emergency operation? Will they be required for this exercise? Yes No Will they be available for this exercise? Yes No Communications: What communication facilities and systems do you use in a real emergency? Will they be required for this exercise? Yes No Will they be available for this exercise? Yes No Barriers: Are there any resource barriers that need to be overcome to carry out this exercise? Yes No If so, what are the barriers and how can they be overcome? 139

OCR for page 135
Guidelines for Transportation Emergency Training Exercises Self-Assessment: Resources and Costs (Continued) Costs What types of costs might be incurred for these exercises in your organization? (Do not list exact figures--just types of expenses, such as wages and salaries, transportation, etc.) For an orientation: For a drill: For a tabletop: For a functional exercise: For a full-scale exercise: Are there ways that different organizations can reduce costs (e.g., by combining exercises, cost-sharing, or resource- sharing) and still fulfill program requirements? Explain. 140