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Guidelines for Transportation Emergency Training Exercises Establishing a timeframe and strategy for full NIMS implementation. States, territories, tribes, and local entities are encouraged to achieve full NIMS implementation during FY 2005. To the extent that full implementation is not possible during FY 2005, which ends on Sept. 30, 2005, fed- eral preparedness assistance must be leveraged to complete NIMS implementation by Sept. 30, 2006. Beginning FY 2007 (Oct. 1, 2006), federal preparedness assistance will be conditioned by full compliance with NIMS. States should work with the tribal and local governments to develop a strategy for statewide compliance with NIMS. Institutionalizing the use of the incident command system (ICS). If state, territorial, tribal and local entities are not already using ICS, then they must institutionalize the use of ICS (consistent with the concepts and principles taught by the DHS) across the entire response system. Additional information on NRP and NIMS requirements can be found at http://www.fema.gov/nims/ nims.shtm and at http://trb.org/news/blurb_detail.asp?id=6007. To enhance transportation capabili- ties to address these requirements, Attachment 1 of these guidelines contains a set of introductory materials explaining NRP and NIMS requirements and highlighting specific areas that may affect transportation agencies. DHS MISSION OUTCOMES In addressing NRP and NIMS requirements, whether at the state level (state DOTs) or the local level (transportation management centers and transit agencies), transportation emergency procedures and training will be developed or revised. Emergency exercises provide an important way to verify the capa- bilities of participants to address new requirements, protocols, and practices. To ensure that emer- gency exercises support implementation of NRP and NIMS requirements, the DHS has developed eight mission outcomes to guide the evaluation of all emergency exercises. These mission outcomes are presented in Table 3. Using the DHS mission outcomes, transportation agencies and their partners can develop exercise evaluation criteria to assess performance of critical activities and to identify measures to benchmark capabilities and needs. Attachment 2 provides an exercise evaluation guide created specifically for transportation agencies to provide sample evaluation and performance measures to be used during transportation exercises, following the DHS mission outcomes. Additional information on using this exer- cise evaluation guide is provided in Section 5 of these guidelines. 18
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Guidelines for Transportation Emergency Training Exercises TABLE 3 DHS MISSION OUTCOMES FOR EXERCISE EVALUATION Mission Title Definition Outcome I Prevention and Deterrence The ability to prevent, deter, or protect against terrorist actions and to identify and prepare for natural disasters. II Emergency Assessment The ability to detect an incident, determine its impact, classify the incident, conduct environmental monitoring, and make agency-to-agency and government-to-government notifications. III Emergency Management The ability to direct, control, and coordinate a response; provide emergency public information to the population at risk and the population at large; and manage resources--this outcome includes direction and control through the incident command system, EOC, and joint information center. IV Incident Site/Hazard The ability to control, collect, and contain an incident at its Mitigation source and to mitigate the magnitude of its impact--this outcome also includes all response tasks conducted at the incident scene except those specifically associated with victim care. V Public Protection The ability to provide initial warnings to the population at large and the population at risk; to direct people to shelter-in-place or evacuate; to provide evacuee support (e.g., transportation for evacuees, a reception center, and sand shelters); to protect special populations (e.g., people in schools, people with disabilities, transit-dependent people, and incarcerated people); and to manage traffic flow and access to the affected area. VI Victim Care The ability to treat victims at the scene, transport patients, treat patients at a medical treatment facility, track patients, handle and track human remains, and provide tracking and security of patients' possessions and evidence. VII Investigation/Apprehension The ability to investigate the cause and source of the attack; prevent secondary attacks; and identify, apprehend, and prosecute those responsible. VIII Recovery/Remediation The ability to restore essential services, restore businesses and commerce, clean up the environment, render the affected area safe, compensate victims, provide long-term mental health and other services to victims and the public, and restore a sense of well-being in the community. 19