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Guidelines for Transportation Emergency Training Exercises size (3 to 10 people) and include a representative from each major participating jurisdiction and response agency. A successful exercise planning team Addresses the transportation agency's emergency response structure (whether this is based on the incident command system [ICS] or an agency-specific emergency response structure); Employs project management principles; Clearly defines roles, responsibilities, and functional area skills; Highlights leadership and teamwork; Follows a standardized exercise design and development process; and Calls on the support of senior officials. In addition to transportation personnel, membership on the exercise planning team might include appropriate community members representing emergency management and response partners, medical partners, other transportation partners, key vendors, and working and knowledgeable members of the transportation agency. PROJECT MANAGEMENT TIMELINE Based on the progressive exercise program established for the transportation agency, timelines for Planning developing discussion-based exercises should be established. In the transportation environment, plan- conference ning for games and tabletops typically takes 3 to 6 months. A typical timeline is presented in Table 7. materials help create the PLANNING CONFERENCE MATERIALS tabletop. Planning conferences are meetings used to develop critical elements of the exercise and include at least one representative from all participants in the exercise. The lead exercise planner and the exer- cise planning team should decide on the number of meetings to successfully conduct a given exercise. Also, work plans should be developed by the exercise planning team to generate materials to be used in the conferences. Typically, these materials include an agenda, the rationale for conducting the discussion-based exercise, the transportation agency exercise objectives, and a draft scenario. These materials are sometimes called a "read-ahead package" and can greatly increase the efficiency of the conferences. While the number of planning conferences necessary for a transportation-based tabletop or game can vary, usually at least two planning conferences are conducted: the initial planning conference (IPC) and the final planning conference (FPC). The IPC builds the framework for executing exercise design, development, control, conduct, and eval- uation among the participants. Specifically, the IPC addresses the exercise purpose and overarching exercise objectives, conditions that affect exercise design (i.e., assumptions and artificialities), exercise design requirements, anticipated levels of participation, proposed exercise locations, control and eval- uation methodologies, and tasks to participants. The IPC presents the basic scenario, scope, and timeline developed in draft by the exercise planning team. It offers a chance to solicit input for each participant's objectives and build consensus among par- ticipants on exercise expectations. The purpose of this conference is to reach an agreement on the exer- cise concept and overall objectives, develop working groups, and select working group leaders. Once action items identified in the IPC have been adequately addressed and all assigned activities have been completed, the transportation agency may hold an FPC with all participants. This conference is 34