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Guidelines for Transportation Emergency Training Exercises and the person or department with lead responsibility. The improvement plan should be a dynamic improvement program that is continually updated and revised. A sample matrix is available from FEMA at CALL-OFF PROCEDURES Sometimes, an exercise becomes ineffective for the players. That means that through an unforeseen cir- cumstance, the exercise fails to be effective or ceases to be effective in its ability to meet the objectives. In any exercise, discussion-based or operations-based, an exercise that is becoming ineffective should be considered for suspension or cancellation. It is not appropriate to call off an exercise for the conve- nience of evaluators or controllers. It is appropriate, however, if exercise players can no longer contribute to the exercise as it was designed. An appropriate call-off procedure should be designated before the conduct of any exercise. It is a good idea in a tabletop to make those decisions at normal break opportunities or before introducing another message from the scenario being played out. Controllers and evaluators should always be cognizant of safety issues that may present themselves during any exercise. If the safety of participants or bystanders is in any way compromised, it is the responsibility of those conducting the exercise to suspend or terminate the exercise. Appropriate atten- tion to that call-off procedure should be part of any safety plan in any operations-based exercise. 40