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Guidelines for Transportation Emergency Training Exercises 5.0 OPERATIONS-BASED EXERCISE PLANNING PROCESS This section provides a brief overview of the exercise planning process for operations-based exer- cise and includes a description of common exercise planning events, exercise documents, and time- lines. A generic exercise cycle is depicted in Figure 8. EXERCISE PLANNING TEAM Depending on the The exercise planning team for operations-based exercises should include representatives from each number of participating agency or functional area as well as from all necessary logistical support areas. Because participating input is needed from all of these disciplines, the exercise planning team will be larger than the one agencies, exercise needed for a discussion-based exercise. In the transportation environment, exercise planning teams planning teams for full-scale exercises can range from 10 to 20 people. for operations- based exercises For operations-based exercises, the size of the group required to develop and manage the exercise is directly proportional to the complexity of the event being designed. For example, for a full-scale exer- can require 10 to cise, the planning and development may be done by organizing core transportation personnel and the 20 people. supporting working group members into functional committees, as depicted in Figure 9. Within this sample structure, the management or executive planning committee may Develop or manage the exercise master schedule, Develop the scope, Identify objectives for the organizational exercise, Identify limitations, Develop guidelines to direct the preparation of exercise materials, Approve simulations, Develop a public information plan, Ensure quality control, Invite VIPs and evaluators, Ensure compliance with grant programs, Approve exercise packages, and Approve exercise evaluation reports. The scenario committee may Develop the scenario narrative, Develop the timeline of key scenario events, and Develop the message injects. The exercise control committee may Identify the control organization, 41 Staff and train the control organization,
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Guidelines for Transportation Emergency Training Exercises Exercise EVALUATE Exercise Initial Concept and Develop Purpose and Planning Objectives Corrective Concept Objectives Conferences Action Plan Coordinate Draft Objectives. Identify Exercise Broad Scenario. Plan After- Scope Level of Action Protection Report Scenario Review. ID Key Events Mid-Term Conduct Participant Exercise Details Planning Data Collection Orientation Conference and Analysis Develop Control and Master Scenario Evaluation Tools Events List Implementers Control Staff Final Planning Exercise EXERCISE Instructions and Master Scenario Conference Plan Evaluation Plan (Final) Events List Planning (Final) CONDUCT DEVELOP FIGURE 8 GENERIC PROCESS FOR OPERATIONS-BASED EXERCISES FIGURE 9 POTENTIAL ORGANIZATION STRUCTURE FOR FULL-SCALE EXERCISE Develop the safety plan, Develop the security plan, Develop control communication requirements, and Identify simulation and prop requirements. 42