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Chapter 2: USFS Security-Related Vessel Characteristics 29 Voyages with a passenger capacity of more than 500 may in the future comply with more strin- gent security regulations. Voyages with a passenger capacity of more than 2,000 may in the future comply with more stringent security regulations. Voyages with more than 100 gross tons must comply with 33 CFR 104. The numbers of vessels in these categories are presented in Sections 2.1, 2.2, and 2.3. Section 2.4 presents the number of vessels in additional categories based on characteristics that may affect security, but are not important for identifying applicable security regulations. These additional categories include High-ridership systems, Vessel vehicle capacity, and Vessel cruising speed and hull types. Unless otherwise specified, the statistics in this report are from the National Ferry Database,1 which is based on a survey of U.S. ferry operators conducted in 19992000 by the Volpe National Transportation Systems Center. The survey response rate was 85%. Some respondents did not answer all the survey questions. Returned surveys with incomplete information in a particular information category are referred to as "NULL" in the exhibits below. When assessing these data, it should be recognized that ferry systems in some locations (i.e., New York) have undergone sig- nificant growth in the 6 years since survey completion. The following categories identify the portions of the USFS that must meet the requirements defined in 33 CFR 104. 2.1 International Routes The National Ferry Database provides information on ferry routes, but this does not include the number of vessels on each route. In some systems, a single vessel operates more than one route. The National Ferry Database lists 352 ferry routes with terminals in the United States. Six- teen of these routes are between the U.S. mainland and another country. Seventeen of these routes are within the Caribbean and have at least one terminal in a U.S. territory or state (most of these terminals are in the Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico). Table 1 summarizes ferry routes with respect to terminal locations. The table does not include routes with operators located outside the United States, or vessels registered outside the United Table 1. Number of routes and terminal locations in the national ferry database. Terminal Locations # Routes Within the Caribbean* 17 Between the Caribbean and U.S. Mainland 1 Between Canada and the U.S. Mainland 14 Between Mexico and the U.S. Mainland 1 Within the 50 United States 319 TOTAL Routes 352 * These routes include at least one terminal that is in a U.S. Caribbean territory; the second Caribbean terminal may be in either a U.S. or foreign territory.