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OCR for page 52
APPENDIX B Maritime Security (MARSEC) Levels Maritime Security (MARSEC) levels are called for in 33 CFR 101.200 to increase security of facilities and vessels based on an increase in threats that could impact the maritime industry. All vessels and facilities that must meet 33 CFR 104 and 105 or SOLAS requirements must have approved plans for increasing MARSEC levels. MARSEC levels provide guidance to the maritime community and to the public of the level of risk to the maritime elements of the national trans- portation system. As stated in 33 CFR 101.205, MARSEC levels parallel the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Homeland Security Advisory System (HSAS), which is designed to target protective measures when specific information to a specific sector or geographic region is received. The relationship between MARSEC and HSAS threat levels is shown in Table B1. The mandatory requirements of MARSEC level 1 for vessels and terminals are listed in 33 CFR 104 and 105, respectively. MARSEC levels 2 and 3 are considered guidance and only applicable if they are contained in a U.S. Coast Guardapproved vessel or facility security plan. An example of various MARSEC levels and protective measures is shown in Table B2. The system is designed such that MARSEC level 1 protective measures are accomplished at the lowest security levels. Under increased security threat, MARSEC level 2 protective measures are accomplished in addi- tion to those of Level 1, and so forth. Specific MARSEC level security measures annotated in Table B2 are generic. Actual protective measures employed within individual facilities are con- sidered sensitive security information. The Captain of the Port (COTP) has the legal authority to increase or decrease MARSEC levels that may differ from HSAS levels based on intelligence for certain geographic areas and selective targeting of maritime interests. Additionally, when Table B1. Relationship between MARSEC levels and the HSAS levels (from 33 CFR 101.205). Homeland Security Advisory System Maritime Security (HSAS) Threat Condition Level and (MARSEC) Level Corresponding Color Low Green MARSEC 1 Guarded Blue Elevated Yellow MARSEC 2 High Orange MARSEC 3 Severe Red 54

OCR for page 52
Appendix B: Maritime Security (MARSEC) Levels 55 Table B2. Example MARSEC levels and corresponding protection measures. Measure MARSEC 1 MARSEC 2 MARSEC 3 Coordinate security needs and procedures and agree upon Declaration of Revisit DoS effective period contents of the Declaration of No action. Security to 30 days. Security (DoS). A DoS can be effective for up to 90 days. Enforce access control Enforce MARSEC 1 Enforce MARSEC 1 and 2 Access Control procedures. Randomly screen protocols. Increase screening protocols. Screen everyone and Screening for dangerous substances and rate and detail for dangerous extensively for dangerous devices. substances and devices. substances and devices. Enforce MARSEC 1 and 2 Enforce MARSEC 1 protocols. Restrict access to Restricted Designate and post restricted protocols. Increase intensity additional areas, prohibit Areas areas. Restrict access to areas. and frequency of monitoring access to areas, and search access controls to areas. areas. Segregate checked persons and personal effects from the Enforce MARSEC 1 and 2 Additional unchecked. Pre-screen a Enforce MARSEC 1 protocols. Assign additional Passenger percentage of loaded vessels. protocols. Increase intensity security force personnel to Ferry Facility Deny access to restricted of public area monitoring. monitor the public access Requirements areas. Provide security area. monitors in public access areas. Enforce MARSEC 1 and 2 Check cargo and cargo spaces Enforce MARSEC 1 protocols. Suspend loading prior to and during handling. protocols. Increase frequency operations. Cooperate with Cargo Match cargo documentation of cargo and cargo space other maritime entities in Handling with shipping information. checks, documents, and area. Verify inventory and Screen specified vehicles. specified vehicle screenings. locations of hazardous materials on board vessel. Check stores for integrity. Enforce MARSEC 1 Enforce MARSEC 1 and 2 Delivery of Decline accepting protocols. Check before protocols. Enhance checking Stores and stores/bunkers without being accepting stores/bunkers of stores. Restrict delivery of Bunkers pre-ordered or pre-inspected. immediately upon arrival on- stores/bunkers. Refuse to Deter tampering with stores. board. accept stores on-board. notified of an increase in MARSEC levels by the COTP, the company must notify the COTP, within a reasonable time, that the company's facilities and vessels have attained the specific MAR- SEC level security. Alternate security protective measures can be applied, as necessary, to counter a recognized deficiency or a threat. Vessel or facility owners or operators can implement such action immedi- ately; they do not have to wait for approval or written authorization from the COTP when imme- diate action is necessary. However, the necessary communication between vessel and facility owners or operators should be followed up immediately through the use of administrative requests, justifications, or letters.