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42 TABLE 3-8 Top U.S. Ports Based on Total Cargo, Foreign Trade Cargo, and Container Traffic Total Cargo, 2001 Foreign Trade Cargo, 2001 Container Traffic, 2002 Tons Tons Rank Port Rank Port Rank Port TEUS (mil) (mil) 1 South Louisiana 212.6 1 Houston, TX 120.6 1 Los Angeles, CA 6,105,864 2 Houston, TX 185.1 2 South Louisiana 95.7 2 Long Beach, CA 4,524,036 3 NY/NJ 137.5 3 NY/NJ 67.3 3 New York/New Jersey 3,749,014 4 New Orleans, LA 85.6 4 Beaumont, TX 62.0 4 Oakland, CA 1,707,827 5 Beaumont, TX 79.1 5 Corpus Christi, TX 53.9 5 Charleston, SC 1,592,834 6 Corpus Christi, TX 77.6 6 Long Beach, CA 51.6 6 Tacoma, WA 1,470,826 7 Huntington, WV 76.7 7 New Orleans, LA 50.3 7 Seattle, WA 1,436,872 8 Long Beach, CA 67.6 8 Los Angeles, CA 45.0 8 Hampton Roads, VA 1,437,779 9 Texas City, TX 62.3 9 Texas City, TX 44.1 9 San Juan, PR 1,393,627 10 Baton Rouge, LA 61.4 10 Hampton Rds, VA 33.7 10 Savannah, GA 1,327,939 11 Plaquemines, LA 60.7 11 Philadelphia, PA 32.9 11 Houston, TX 1,159,789 12 Pittsburgh, PA 53.0 12 Lake Charles, LA 31.9 12 Miami, FL 980,743 13 Lake Charles, LA 52.8 13 Mobile, AL 28.0 13 Honolulu, HI 945,460 14 Los Angeles, CA 51.4 14 Portland, ME 26.5 14 Jacksonville, FL 683,836 15 Hampton Rds, VA 51.2 15 Baltimore, MD 25.4 15 Port Everglades, FL 554,041 (Source: American Association of Port Authorities (AAPA)) TEUS = "Twenty-foot Equivalent Units" (i.e., 20-ft long container equivalents) TABLE 3-9 Foreign Waterborne Cargo Summary, Year-to-Date, August 2003, Value, Weight and Value to Weight Ratio Imports Exports Total Type of Weight Value/ Weight Value/ Weight Value/ Service Value Value Value (thousand weight (thousand weight (thousand weight (million $) (million $) (million $) tons) ($/ton) tons) ($/ton) tons) ($/ton) Liner 236,233 69,610 3,394 88,830 47,639 1,865 325,063 117,249 2,772 Tanker 83,314 443,984 188 10,618 38,841 273 93,931 482,826 195 Tramp 75,904 130,771 580 32,543 141,443 230 108,447 272,214 398 and it provides some funding for dredging certain ports and The U.S. DOT Maritime Administration (MARAD) pro- waterways. Since the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, vides some funding to the operators of U.S. flag vessels, which the federal government has also provided funds to operators helps off set the higher labor and vessel costs associated with in the MTS to assess and upgrade security. U.S. regulatory requirements. In return, MARAD retains cer- According to the American Association of Port Authori- tain rights to use these vessels in times of national need. ties (AAPA), in 1998, port authorities invested nearly $1.5 billion to update their facilities, including $154 million for general cargo, $507 million in investments for containers, 3.2.5 General Organization $260 million on infrastructure improvements, and $152 According to the AAPA "The U.S. public port industry million for dredging. Between 1999 and 2003, it has been consists of more than 100 public port authorities and agen- projected that ports will spend just over $9 billion. cies located along the Atlantic, Pacific, Gulf and Great Lakes coasts, as well as in Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, Guam, and TABLE 3-10 U.S. Ferry Fleet by Passenger Capacity, 2001 the U.S. Virgin Islands. Passenger Capacity Number of Vessels % Total 0 50 120 19.3 Established by enactments of state government, ports 51 100 154 24.8 develop, manage, and promote the flow of waterborne 101 200 98 15.8 201 350 57 9.2 commerce and act as catalysts for economic growth. 351 500 60 9.6 These agencies include port authorities, special purpose 501 1,000 71 11.4 navigation districts, bi-state authorities and departments Over 1,000 27 4.3 of state, county, and municipal government. Unknown 35 5.6 Total Ferry Fleet 622 100.0 Public ports develop and maintain the terminal facilities (Source: WCSC survey and DOT National Ferry Study) for intermodal transfer of cargo between ships, barges,