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47 TABLE 3-13 Freight Railroad Industry Number of Companies, Miles Operated, Employees, and Revenue, 2001 Freight Miles Type of Railroad Number Employees Revenue Operated* ($ billions) Class I 8 97,631 162,155 $33.53 Regional 34 17,439 10,302 $1.58 Local linehaul 314 20,881 5,023 $0.88 S&T 215 6,682 6,889 $0.59 Canadian** 2 728 N/A N/A Total 573 143,361 184,369 $36.58 (Source: American Association of Railroads (AAR)) * excludes trackage rights ** CN and CP operations that are not part of Class I TABLE 3-14 Freight Cars in Service in North America, 2002 Relations Car Co. and County of Owner Total Class 1 Other Shippers Canada 185,296 137,906 15,089 32,301 Mexico 33,969 19,823 6,335 7,811 U.S. 1,299,670 477,751 130,590 691,329 Total 1,518,935 635,480 152,014 731,441 (Source: AAR) TABLE 3-15 Major North American Railroads Based on Revenue, 2001 Country of Revenue % of Total Railroad Ownership (million $) Revenue Union Pacific Railroad United States 10,614 26% The Burlington Northern and Santa Fe Railway United States 9,201 23% CSX Transportation United States 6,454 16% Norfolk Southern United States 6,170 15% Canadian National Railway Canada 3,650 9% Canadian Pacific Railway Canada 2,386 6% TFM (a subsidiary of Grupo Transportacion Mexico 668 2% Ferroviario Mexicano) FXE (a subsidiary of Grupo Ferroviario Mexicano) Mexico 567 1% Kansas City Southern Railway United States 566 1% Total 40,276 100% (Source: AAR) 3.3.2 System Size Wyoming, West Virginia, and Kentucky. The top five states for termination of coal shipments (i.e., Illinois, Missouri, Freight railroads move 42 percent of U.S. domestic freight Texas, Virginia, and Ohio), represent about 36 percent of as measured in ton-miles, in addition to contributing billions coal shipments. of dollars each year to the economy through investments, Intermodal traffic (i.e., truck trailers and containers trans- wages, purchases, and taxes. ported by rail and at least one other mode of transportation) is considered a category of its own and represents about 20 3.3.3 System Use percent of rail revenue. This growing category may soon ex- ceed coal in terms of rail revenue. Other major commodities Coal is the single most important commodity carried by carried by rail are chemicals, including those used for public rail. In 2001, 46 percent of the tonnage and 23 percent of the water purification; plastic resins; fertilizers; grain and other revenue of Class I railroads was from coal transport. The pri- agricultural products; food; nonmetallic minerals, including mary use of coal is for the generation of electricity at coal- phosphate rock, sand, and crushed stone and gravel; forest fired power plants, which produce more than one-half of the products, including lumber and paper; motor vehicles and nation's electricity. Approximately two-thirds of the coal vehicle parts; and waste and scrap materials, including scrap used for generating electricity is shipped by rail. In 2001, 70 iron and paper. Table 3-16 presents rail tons originated and percent of the coal shipped by rail originated in three states: gross revenue by commodity group.