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48 TABLE 3-16 Type of Freight Carried in 2002 Tons Originated Gross Revenue Commodity Group (000) % of total (million) % of total Coal 785,006 44.4 $7,797 21.2 Chemical and allied products 158,734 9 $4,707 12.8 Farm products 137,717 7.8 $2,711 7.4 Nonmetallic minerals 125,643 7.1 $967 2.6 Food and kindred products 102,230 5.8 $2,657 7.2 Miscellaneous mixed shipments* 97,228 5.5 $4,900 13.3 Metals and products 55,905 3.2 $1,350 3.7 Stone, clay, and glass products 49,279 2.8 $1,149 3.1 Lumber and wood products 47,533 2.7 $1,628 4.4 Petroleum and coke 40,207 2.3 $977 2.7 Waste and scrap materials 39,440 2.2 $717 2 Pulp, paper, and allied products 37,212 2.1 $1,567 4.3 Motor vehicles and equipment 35,902 2 $3,626 9.9 Metallic ores 31,376 1.8 $285 0.8 All other commodities 23,258 1.3 $1,704 4.6 Total 1,766,671 100 $36,742 100 (Source: AAR) * Miscellaneous shipments are primarily intermodal. Some intermodal shipments are included in the commodity-specific categories. In addition to commercial shipments, railroads provide The top 10 states for rail tons originated and for rail tons ter- critical support to the Department of Defense (DOD) Strate- minated are shown in Tables 3-18 and 3-19, respectively. gic Rail Corridor Network (STRACNET), which includes more than 30,000 miles of rail line and provides the back- 3.3.4 Financing and Ownership bone for the movement of DOD shipments. DOD shipments, in addition to some commodities, such as certain chemicals More than 90 percent of U.S. freight railroads, including all and munitions, present greater risk of terrorist acts or acci- Class I carriers and all but one regional railroad, are privately dental spillage. The rail industry has assessed these vulnera- owned and operated. Most railway track in the United States bilities and taken steps to minimize these risks, as addressed is owned by these private companies, which construct, main- in the Emergency Plans and Organization section, below. tain, and pay property taxes on their road and facilities. With From a geographical use perspective, the 10 states with the respect to capital intensity, freight railroads are near the top of greatest number of rail miles represent 40 percent of the na- all major U.S. industries. From 1980 to 2001, 45 percent of tional total rail miles. These states are listed in Table 3-17. their operating revenue was spent on capital expenses and TABLE 3-17 Top 10 States for Rail Miles, 2001 TABLE 3-18 Top 10 States for Rail % U.S. Tons Originated, 2001 State Rail Miles Total % Rail Tons Texas 10,473 7.3% State U.S. Originated Illinois 7,197 5.0% Total California 6,052 4.2% Wyoming 375,510,739 20% Ohio 5,484 3.8% West Virginia 127,283,023 7% Pennsylvania 5,145 3.6% Illinois 119,524,605 6% Kentucky 109,670,324 6% Kansas 5,084 3.5% Texas 108,589,349 6% Georgia 4,795 3.3% Minnesota 74,389,180 4% Minnesota 4,504 3.1% Florida 64,413,774 3% Ohio 61,036,161 3% Indiana 4,185 2.9% Pennsylvania 59,815,765 3% Missouri 4,168 2.9% California 57,609,683 3% Top 10 57,087 39.8% Top 10 Total 1,157,842,603 61% Total U.S. Total 143,361 100% U.S. Total 1,898,840,100 100% (Source: AAR) (Source: AAR)