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60 TABLE 3-27 National Public Transit System TABLE 3-29 Number of Transit Agencies Vehicle Characteristics and Vehicles by Mode Vehicles, Total 141,392 MODE Agencies Vehicles * Active 134,271 * Age, Average (years) 10.3 Bus 2,264 76,075 * Air-conditioned 89.8% Commuter Rail 21 5,124 * Lifts, Wheelchair 56.8% Demand Response 5,251 34,661 * Ramps, Wheelchair 14.5% Heavy Rail 14 10,718 * Accessible Only via 4.2% Light Rail 26 1,366 Stations Trolleybus 5 600 * Power Source, Diesel or 70.9% Vanpool 67 5,519 Gasoline Aerial Tramway 2 ND * Power Source, 26.2% Automated 5 45 Alternative Guideway * Rehabilitated 12.2% Cable Car 1 40 (Source: APTA, 2001) Ferryboat (b) 42 107 Inclined Plane 4 8 Monorail 2 8 operators, further increasing the number of public transporta- Total 6,000 (a) 134,271 tion providers. The public transportation fleet comprises (a) Total is not sum of all modes since many 134,000 vehicles in active service. Buses represent 57% of agencies operate more than one mode. (b) Excludes international, rural, rural these vehicles; demand-response vehicles, 26%; heavy rail interstate, island, and urban park ferries. cars, 8%; commuter rail cars, 4%; light rail cars, 1%; and all other modes, 5%. ployee reliability and reducing absenteeism and turnover. Pub- lic transportation is also important for 30 million rural non- 3.5.3 System Use drivers, including senior citizens, low-income families, and people with disabilities. One-fourth of today's 75+ age group Based on APTA data, in 2001, 9.7 billion trips were made does not drive. Passengers older than 65 years and younger than on the U.S. public transportation system, an increase of 3% 18 years compose 20% of the national riders. By the year 2020, over the previous year, outpacing growth in other travel sys- 40% of the U.S. population will be senior citizens. Table 3-31 tems. In the past 6 years, public transportation ridership in lists the percent of workers that use public transit in the urban the United States has grown by more than 24%, faster than areas with greatest worker use of public transit. highway or air travel. More than 14 million people ride on public transportation each weekday. The U.S. DOT estimates 3.5.4 Financing another 25 million use public transportation less frequently but regularly. APTA data suggest that 54% of all trips end at Transit agencies depend on many sources of funds for cap- workplaces, 15% of trips go to schools; 9% to shop; 9% to ital and operating expenses. None of the transit agencies are social visits; and 5% to medical appointments. Table 3-30 self-sufficient based on fares alone. Over the past decade, tran- summarizes public transit use. sit agencies have been asked to comply with more stringent Almost one-half of the nation's Fortune 500 companies, rep- emissions regulations, in addition to local directives to adopt resenting over $2 trillion in annual revenue, are headquartered in transit-intensive metropolitan areas. Public transit is thought TABLE 3-30 Public Transit Use Statistics to facilitate employee recruitment, in addition to increasing em- Trips, Unlinked Passenger, 32,994,000 Average Weekday TABLE 3-28 National Public Transit System Trips, Unlinked Passenger, Annual 9,652,816,000 Vehicle Employment Trips to Workplace 54% Trips to Schools 15% Employees, Operating 357,266 Trips to Shop 9% * Vehicle Operations 228,091 Trips, Social 9% * Vehicle Maintenance 62,404 Trips, Medical appointments 5% * Non-vehicle Maintenance 29,963 Miles, Passenger 49,070,383,000 * General Administration 36,808 Trip Length, Average (miles) 5.1 Employees, Capital 13,490 Miles, Vehicle Total 4,196,245,000 Diesel Fuel Consumed 744,663,000 Miles, Vehicle Revenue 3,715,210,000 (gallons) Hours, Vehicle Total 281,723,000 Other Fuel Consumed 112,088,000 Hours, Vehicle Revenue 252,236,000 (gallons) Speed, Vehicle in Revenue Electricity Consumed (kwh) 5,609,846,000 14.7 Service, Average (m.p.h.) (Source: APTA, 2001) (APTA, 2001)