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129 APPENDIX Q Exit Ramp Gores ALABAMA available and ends 50 ft beyond the point where the paved portion of the gore ends. The gore striping is comprised of For an exit ramp with a tapered deceleration lane, gore striping solid 12-in.-wide lines. Chevron stripes that are 12 in. wide on both the exit ramp and the mainline roadway starts at the at 40-ft spacing are placed within the paved portion of the point where the full width of the ramp first becomes available gore. An optional 6-in.-wide dotted line (2-ft segments with and ends at the point where the paved portion of the gore ends. 4-ft gaps) may be placed along the right-hand side of the The gore striping is comprised of solid 8-in.-wide lines in areas adjacent mainline lane from the point where the exit ramp where 4-in. normal lines are used and solid 12-in.-wide lines in starts to the point where the gore striping starts. areas where 6-in. normal lines are used. A 4-in.-wide dotted line (2-ft segments with 4-ft gaps) is placed along the right- For an exit ramp with a parallel deceleration lane, gore hand side of the adjacent mainline lane from the point where striping on both the exit ramp and the mainline roadway the ramp starts to the point where the gore striping starts. There starts at the point where the gore starts and ends 50 ft beyond are no pavement markings within the paved portion of the gore. the point where the paved portion of the gore ends. The gore striping is comprised of solid 12-in.-wide lines. Chevron For exit ramps with a tapered deceleration lane and a par- stripes that are 12 in. wide at 40-ft spacing are placed within allel recovery lane, gore striping on both the exit ramp and the the paved portion of the gore. mainline roadway starts at the point where the full width of the ramp first becomes available and ends at the point where CALIFORNIA the paved portion of the gore ends. The gore striping is com- prised of solid 8-in.-wide lines in areas where 4-in. normal For an exit ramp with a tapered deceleration lane, gore striping lines are used and solid 12-in.-wide lines in areas where 6-in. on both the exit ramp and the mainline roadway starts at the normal lines are used. Chevron stripes that are 24 in. wide at point where the full width of the ramp first becomes available 15-ft spacing in urban areas and 25-ft spacing in rural areas are and ends at the point where the paved portion of the gore ends. placed within the paved portion of the gore. Diagonal 12-in.- The gore striping is comprised of solid 8-in.-wide lines. There wide lines at 20-ft intervals in urban areas and 30- to 40-ft are no pavement markings within the paved portion of the gore. intervals in rural areas are used within the right shoulder of the parallel recovery lane for the recovery lane's entire length, and COLORADO within the left shoulder of the ramp for a distance of 80 ft beyond the point where the paved portion of the gore ends. For an exit ramp with a tapered deceleration lane, gore strip- ing on both the exit ramp and the mainline roadway starts at For exit ramps with a recovery area, gore striping on both the point where the full width of the ramp first becomes avail- the exit ramp and the mainline roadway starts at the point able and ends at the location of the Exit Gore sign, which is where the gore starts and ends at the point where the paved beyond the point where the paved portion of the gore ends. portion of the gore ends. The gore striping is comprised of The gore striping is comprised of solid 8-in.-wide lines. There solid 8-in.-wide lines in areas where 4-in. normal lines are are no pavement markings within the paved portion of the used and solid 12-in.-wide lines in areas where 6-in. normal gore. A 4-in.-wide dotted line (2-ft segments with 4-ft gaps) lines are used. Chevron stripes that are 24 in. wide at 15-ft is placed along the right-hand side of the adjacent mainline spacing in urban areas and 25-ft spacing in rural areas are lane from the point where the ramp starts to the point where placed within the paved portion of the gore. Diagonal 12-in.- the gore striping starts. wide lines at 20-ft intervals in urban areas and 30- to 40-ft intervals in rural areas are used within the right shoulder of For an exit ramp with a parallel deceleration lane, gore strip- the mainline roadway for a distance of at least 320 ft beyond ing on both the exit ramp and the mainline roadway starts at the point where the paved portion of the gore ends, and the point where the gore starts and ends at the location of the within the left shoulder of the ramp for a distance of 80 ft Exit Gore sign, which is beyond the point where the paved beyond the point where the paved portion of the gore ends. portion of the gore ends. The gore striping is comprised of solid 8-in.-wide lines. There are no pavement markings within ARIZONA the paved portion of the gore. For an exit ramp with a tapered deceleration lane, gore strip- Chevron stripes that are 8 in. wide at 25-ft spacing may be ing on both the exit ramp and the mainline roadway starts at placed within the paved portion of an exit ramp gore starting the point where the full width of the ramp first becomes at the point where the gore becomes 6 ft wide.

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130 CONNECTICUT able and ends at the point where the paved portion of the gore ends. The gore striping is comprised of solid 10-in.-wide For an exit ramp with a tapered deceleration lane, gore strip- lines. A 5-in.-wide dotted line (2-ft segments with 6-ft gaps) ing on both the exit ramp and the mainline roadway starts at is placed along the right-hand side of the adjacent mainline the point where the full width of the ramp first becomes avail- lane from the point where the ramp starts to the point where able and ends 20 ft beyond the point where the paved portion the gore striping starts. There are no pavement markings of the gore ends. The gore striping is comprised of solid 8-in.- within the paved portion of the gore. wide lines. A 6-in.-wide dotted line (2-ft segments with 10-ft gaps) is placed along the right-hand side of the adjacent For an exit ramp with a parallel deceleration lane, gore mainline lane from the point where the ramp starts to the striping on both the exit ramp and the mainline roadway starts point where the gore striping starts. White pavement mark- at the point where the gore starts and ends at the point where ings may be placed within the paved portion of the gore for the paved portion of the gore ends. The gore striping is com- special emphasis, but no description is given regarding the prised of solid 10-in.-wide lines. There are no pavement mark- layout of these markings. ings within the paved portion of the gore. For an exit ramp with a parallel deceleration lane, gore striping on both the exit ramp and the mainline roadway HAWAII starts at the point where the gore starts and ends 20 ft beyond the point where the paved portion of the gore ends. The gore For an exit ramp with a tapered deceleration lane, gore strip- striping is comprised of solid 8-in.-wide lines. White pave- ing on both the exit ramp and the mainline roadway starts at ment markings may be placed within the paved portion of the the point where the full width of the ramp first becomes avail- gore for special emphasis, but no description is given regard- able and ends 40 ft beyond the point where the paved portion ing the layout of these markings. of the gore ends. The gore striping is comprised of solid 8-in.- wide lines. A 4-in.-wide dotted line (2-ft segments with 8-ft gaps) is placed along the right-hand side of the adjacent DELAWARE mainline lane from the point where the ramp starts to the point where the gore striping starts. Chevron stripes that are For an exit ramp with a parallel deceleration lane, gore strip- 12 in. wide are placed at 20-ft intervals within the paved por- ing on both the exit ramp and the mainline roadway starts at tion of the gore. the point where the gore starts and ends 50 ft beyond the point where the paved portion of the gore ends (measured For an exit ramp with a parallel deceleration lane, gore along the left edge line of the ramp--the end of the gore strip- striping on both the exit ramp and the mainline roadway ing along the mainline roadway is at the point on the right starts at the point where the gore starts and ends 40 ft beyond edge line where a perpendicular line would line up with the the point where the paved portion of the gore ends. The gore end of the gore striping on the ramp, which is a point that is striping is comprised of solid 8-in.-wide lines. Chevron stripes less than 50 ft beyond the point where the paved portion of that are 12 in. wide are placed at 20-ft intervals within the the gore ends). The gore striping is comprised of solid 12-in.- paved portion of the gore. wide lines. There are no pavement markings within the paved portion of the gore. ILLINOIS FLORIDA For an exit ramp with a tapered deceleration lane, gore strip- ing on both the exit ramp and the mainline roadway starts at For an exit ramp, gore striping on both the exit ramp and the the point where the full width of the ramp first becomes avail- mainline roadway starts at the beginning of the gore and ends able and ends 50 ft beyond the point where the paved portion at the point where the paved portion of the gore ends. The of the gore ends. The gore striping is comprised of solid 8-in.- gore striping is comprised of solid 8-in.-wide lines. Chevron wide lines. An optional 4-in.-wide dotted line may be placed stripes that are 18 in. wide at 20-ft spacing are placed within along the right-hand side of the adjacent mainline lane from the paved portion of the gore. Diagonal 18-in.-wide cross- the point where the ramp starts to the point where the gore hatching is placed beyond the gore on the right shoulder of striping starts. Pavement markings are not required within the mainline roadway until the shoulder width returns to its the paved portion of the gore. If used, they consist of 12-in.- normal width. wide diagonal lines at 10- to 20-ft intervals and point at a 45 forward angle from the right edge line of the mainline lane GEORGIA (they do not intersect the left edge line of the ramp at a 45 forward angle). For an exit ramp with a tapered deceleration lane, gore strip- ing on both the exit ramp and the mainline roadway starts at For an exit ramp with a parallel deceleration lane, gore the point where the full width of the ramp first becomes avail- striping on both the exit ramp and the mainline roadway

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131 starts at the point where the gore starts and ends 50 ft beyond is comprised of solid 8-in.-wide lines. There are no pavement the point where the paved portion of the gore ends. The gore markings within the paved portion of the gore. striping is comprised of solid 8-in.-wide lines. Pavement markings are not required within the paved portion of the gore. If used, they consist of 12-in.-wide diagonal lines at 10- KANSAS to 20-ft intervals and point at a 45 forward angle from the For an exit ramp with a tapered deceleration lane, gore strip- right edge line of the mainline lane (they do not intersect the ing on the mainline roadway starts at the point where the full left edge line of the ramp at a 45 forward angle). width of the ramp first becomes available and ends at the point where the extra roadway paving on the right of the INDIANA right edge line of the mainline roadway ends. Gore striping on the ramp starts at the point where the full width of the For an exit ramp with a tapered deceleration lane, gore strip- ramp first becomes available and ends at an unspecified dis- ing on both the mainline roadway and the ramp starts at the tance beyond the point where the paved portion of the gore point where the full width of the ramp first becomes available ends. The gore striping is comprised of solid 8-in.-wide and ends at the point where the paved portion of the gore ends. lines. Chevron stripes that are 12 in. wide at a 30 angle at The gore striping is comprised of solid 8-in.-wide lines. A 40-ft spacing are placed within the paved portion of the 4-in.-wide dotted line (2-ft segments with 8-ft gaps) is placed gore. A 6-in.-wide dotted line (2-ft segments with 4-ft gaps) along the right-hand side of the adjacent mainline lane from is placed along the right-hand side of the adjacent mainline the point where the exit ramp becomes 12 ft wide to the point lane from the point where the exit ramp starts to the point where the gore striping starts. When the posted speed limit is where the gore striping starts. Diagonal lines that are 12 in. 45 mph or less, 12-in.-wide chevrons are placed within the wide at a 30 angle at 40-ft spacing are placed in the extra paved portion of the gore at 20-ft intervals. When the posted roadway paving on the right of the right edge line of the main- speed limit is more than 45 mph, 24-in.-wide chevrons are line roadway. placed within the paved portion of the gore at 40-ft intervals. Where ramp volumes are low, diagonal lines may be used in For an exit ramp with a parallel deceleration lane, gore the paved portion of the gore instead of chevrons. striping on the mainline roadway starts at the point where the full width of the ramp first becomes available and ends at For an exit ramp with a parallel deceleration lane, gore the point where the extra roadway paving on the right of the striping on both the mainline roadway and the ramp starts at right edge line of the mainline roadway ends. Gore striping on the point where the gore starts and ends at the point where the ramp starts at the point where the full width of the ramp the paved portion of the gore ends. The gore striping is com- first becomes available and ends at the point where the paved prised of solid 8-in.-wide lines. When the posted speed limit portion of the gore ends. The gore striping is comprised of is 45 mph or less, 12-in.-wide chevrons are placed within the solid 8-in.-wide lines. Chevron stripes that are 12 in. wide at paved portion of the gore at 20-ft intervals. When the posted a 30 angle at 40-ft spacing are placed within the paved por- speed limit is more than 45 mph, 24-in.-wide chevrons are tion of the gore. Diagonal lines that are 12 in. wide at a 30 placed within the paved portion of the gore at 40-ft intervals. angle at 40-ft spacing are placed in the extra roadway paving Where ramp volumes are low, diagonal lines may be used in on the right of the right edge line of the mainline roadway. the paved portion of the gore instead of chevrons. KENTUCKY IOWA Chevron markings within the paved portion of the gore For an exit ramp with a tapered deceleration lane, gore strip- should not be used in most instances, but they may be used ing on both the exit ramp and the mainline roadway starts at if there is a specific need to provide additional guidance to the point where the full width of the ramp first becomes avail- drivers. able and ends at the point where the paved portion of the gore ends. The gore striping is comprised of solid 8-in.-wide lines. A 4-in.-wide dotted line (2-ft segments with 4-ft gaps) is LOUISIANA placed along the right-hand side of the adjacent mainline lane from the point where the ramp starts to the point where the For an exit ramp, gore striping on both the exit ramp and the gore striping starts. There are no pavement markings within mainline roadway starts at the point where the full width of the paved portion of the gore. the ramp first becomes available or where a parallel deceler- ation lane separates from the mainline roadway and ends at For an exit ramp with a parallel deceleration lane, gore the point where the shoulders return to normal width, which striping on both the exit ramp and the mainline roadway is after the paved portion of the gore ends. The gore striping starts at the point where the gore starts and ends at the point is comprised of solid 8-in.-wide lines. Chevron stripes that are where the paved portion of the gore ends. The gore striping 24 in. wide are placed within the paved portion of the gore.

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132 The spacing of the chevron stripes varies based on the posted MINNESOTA speed of mainline traffic (12-ft spacing for 45 mph or less, 18-ft spacing for 50 or 55 mph, and 24-ft spacing for 65 mph). For an exit ramp, gore striping on both the exit ramp and the mainline roadway starts at the beginning of the gore and ends at the point where the paved portion of the gore ends. The gore MARYLAND striping is comprised of solid 8-in.-wide lines. There are no pavement markings within the paved portion of the gore. For an exit ramp with a parallel deceleration lane, gore strip- ing on both the exit ramp and the mainline roadway starts at the point where the gore starts and ends 50 ft beyond the MISSISSIPPI point where the paved portion of the gore ends. The gore For an exit ramp with a tapered deceleration lane, gore strip- striping is comprised of solid 10-in.-wide lines. Pavement ing on both the exit ramp and the mainline roadway starts at markings are not required within the paved portion of the the point where the full width of the ramp first becomes avail- gore. If used when special emphasis is required, chevron able. The gore striping along the mainline roadway ends at stripes that are 16 in. wide at 50-ft spacing for blunt angle the point well beyond the end of the gore where the portion gores or up to 100-ft spacing for sharp angle gores are placed of the shoulder that is paved with mainline roadway paving within the paved portion of the gore. If used, the first chevron (as opposed to shoulder thickness paving) becomes only 6 ft stripe is placed 50 ft beyond the point where the gore width wide. The gore striping along the ramp ends at the point becomes 1 ft wide. beyond the end of the gore and is the point where the straight- line portion of the ramp changes to a curved portion. The MASSACHUSETTS gore striping is comprised of solid 12-in.-wide lines. An optional 6-in.-wide dotted line (2-ft segments with 12-ft For an exit ramp with a parallel deceleration lane, gore strip- gaps) may be placed along the right-hand side of the adjacent ing on both the exit ramp and the mainline roadway starts at mainline lane from the point where the exit ramp starts to the the point where the gore starts and ends at the point where the point where the gore striping starts. There are no pavement paved portion of the gore ends. The gore striping is comprised markings within the paved portion of the gore. of solid 8-in.-wide lines. Pavement markings within the paved portion of the gore consist of 12-in.-wide diagonal lines at For an exit ramp with a parallel deceleration lane, gore 16-ft (shown as 5-m) intervals and point at a 3-to-1 slope for- striping on both the exit ramp and the mainline roadway starts ward angle from the right edge line of the mainline lane (they at the point where the gore starts. The gore striping along the do not intersect the left edge line of the ramp at a forward mainline roadway ends at the point well beyond the end of angle). The pavement markings within the paved portion of the gore where the portion of the shoulder that is paved with the gore are omitted if travel is sometimes permitted in the mainline roadway paving (as opposed to shoulder thickness breakdown lane (shoulder) of the mainline roadway. paving) becomes only 6 ft wide. The gore striping along the ramp ends at the point beyond the end of the gore where the curvature on the ramp changes. The gore striping is com- MICHIGAN prised of solid 12-in.-wide lines. There are no pavement markings within the paved portion of the gore. For an exit ramp with a tapered deceleration lane, gore strip- ing on both the exit ramp and the mainline roadway starts at the point where the full width of the ramp first becomes avail- MISSOURI able and ends at the point where the paved portion of the gore ends. The gore striping is comprised of solid 12-in.-wide For an exit ramp, gore striping on both the exit ramp and the lines. A 6-in.-wide dotted line (5-ft segments with 20-ft gaps) mainline roadway starts at the point where the gore starts and is placed along the right-hand side of the adjacent mainline ends at the point where the paved portion of the gore ends. lane from the point where the exit ramp starts to the point The gore striping is comprised of solid 8-in.-wide lines. where the gore striping starts. There are no pavement mark- There are no pavement markings within the paved portion of ings within the paved portion of the gore. the gore. For an exit ramp with a parallel deceleration lane, gore MONTANA striping on both the exit ramp and the mainline roadway starts at the point where the gore starts and ends at the point For an exit ramp with a tapered deceleration lane, gore strip- where the paved portion of the gore ends. The gore striping ing on both the exit ramp and the mainline roadway starts at is comprised of solid 12-in.-wide lines. At the start of the the point where the full width of the ramp first becomes avail- gore striping, the two 12-in.-wide lines are side-by-side, thus able and ends at the point where the paved portion of the gore resulting in a 24-in.-wide line. There are no pavement mark- ends. The gore striping is comprised of solid 8-in.-wide lines. ings within the paved portion of the gore. An optional 4-in.-wide dotted line (2-ft segments with 4-ft

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133 gaps) may be placed along the right-hand side of the adjacent lines. An optional 6-in.-wide dotted line (2-ft segments with mainline lane from the point where the ramp starts to the 10-ft gaps) may be placed along the right-hand side of the point where the gore striping starts. There are no pavement adjacent mainline lane from the point where the ramp starts markings within the paved portion of the gore. to the point where the gore striping starts. Pavement mark- ings within the paved portion of the gore consist of 24-in.- For an exit ramp with a parallel deceleration lane, gore wide chevrons at 11-ft (shown as 3.3-m) intervals for major striping on both the exit ramp and the mainline roadway exits or 24-in.-wide diagonal lines at 11-ft (shown as 3.3-m) starts at the point where the gore starts and ends at the point intervals and point at a 45 forward angle from the right edge where the paved portion of the gore ends. The gore striping line of the mainline lane (they do not intersect the left edge is comprised of solid 8-in.-wide lines. There are no pavement line of the ramp at a 45 forward angle) for minor exits. markings within the paved portion of the gore. For an exit ramp with a parallel deceleration lane, gore strip- ing on both the exit ramp and the mainline roadway starts at NEBRASKA the point where the gore starts and ends at the point where For an exit ramp, gore striping on both the exit ramp and the the paved portion of the gore ends. The gore striping is com- mainline roadway starts at the point where the gore starts and prised of solid 12-in.-wide lines. Pavement markings within ends at an unspecified distance beyond the point where the the paved portion of the gore consist of 24-in.-wide chevrons paved portion of the gore ends. The gore striping is comprised at 11-ft (shown as 3.3-m) intervals for major exits, or 24-in.- of solid 12-in.-wide lines. There are no pavement markings wide diagonal lines at 11-ft (shown as 3.3-m) intervals and within the paved portion of the gore. point at a 45 forward angle from the right edge line of the mainline lane (they do not intersect the left edge line of the ramp at a 45 forward angle) for minor exits. NEVADA For an exit ramp, gore striping on both the exit ramp and the NORTH CAROLINA mainline roadway starts at the point where the gore starts and ends at the point where the paved portion of the gore ends. The For an exit ramp with a tapered deceleration lane, gore strip- gore striping is comprised of solid 12-in.-wide lines. There are ing on both the exit ramp and the mainline roadway starts at no pavement markings within the paved portion of the gore. the point where the full width of the ramp first becomes avail- able and ends at the point where the paved shoulders portion of the gore ends. The gore striping is comprised of solid 8- NEW HAMPSHIRE or 12-in.-wide lines. A 4- to 6-in.-wide dotted line (2-ft seg- ments with 13-ft gaps) is placed along the right-hand side of For an exit ramp with a tapered deceleration lane, gore strip- ing on both the exit ramp and the mainline roadway starts at the adjacent mainline lane from the point where the ramp the point where the full width of the ramp first becomes avail- starts to the point where the gore striping starts. There are no able and ends 5 ft beyond the point where the paved portion of pavement markings within the paved portion of the gore. the gore ends. The gore striping is comprised of solid 12-in.- wide lines. A 6-in.-wide dotted line (2-ft segments with 10-ft For an exit ramp with a parallel deceleration lane, gore gaps) is placed along the right-hand side of the adjacent striping on both the exit ramp and the mainline roadway starts mainline lane from the point where the ramp starts to the at the point where the gore starts and ends at the point where point where the gore striping starts. There are no pavement the paved shoulders portion of the gore ends. The gore strip- markings within the paved portion of the gore. ing is comprised of solid 8- or 12-in.-wide lines. There are no pavement markings within the paved portion of the gore. For an exit ramp with a parallel deceleration lane, gore striping on both the exit ramp and the mainline roadway NORTH DAKOTA starts at the point where the gore starts and ends 5 ft beyond the point where the paved portion of the gore ends. The gore For an exit ramp with a tapered deceleration lane, gore strip- striping is comprised of solid 12-in.-wide lines. There are no ing on the mainline roadway starts at the point where the full pavement markings within the paved portion of the gore. width of the ramp first becomes available and ends 200 ft downstream, and gore striping on the exit ramp starts at the NEW YORK point where the full width of the ramp first becomes available and ends 240 ft downstream. The gore striping is comprised For an exit ramp with a tapered deceleration lane, gore strip- of solid 8-in.-wide lines. A 4-in.-wide dotted line (2-ft seg- ing on both the exit ramp and the mainline roadway starts at ments with 6-ft gaps) is placed along the right-hand side of the point where the full width of the ramp first becomes avail- the adjacent mainline lane from the point where the ramp able and ends at the point where the paved portion of the gore starts to the point where the gore striping starts. There are no ends. The gore striping is comprised of solid 12-in.-wide pavement markings within the paved portion of the gore.

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134 For an exit ramp with a parallel deceleration lane, gore striping is comprised of solid 8-in.-wide lines. Chevron stripes striping on the mainline roadway starts at the point where the that are 8 in. wide at 10-ft spacing are placed within the paved gore starts and ends at the point where the paved portion of portion of the gore. A 4-in.-wide dotted line (3-ft segments the gore ends, and gore striping on the exit ramp starts at the with 12-ft gaps) followed by a 4-in.-wide broken lane line is point where the gore starts and ends 40 ft beyond the point placed along the right-hand side of the adjacent mainline lane where the paved portion of the gore ends. The gore striping from the point where the exit ramp starts to the point where is comprised of solid 8-in.-wide lines. There are no pavement the gore striping starts. markings within the paved portion of the gore. For an exit ramp with a parallel deceleration lane, gore strip- ing on the mainline roadway starts at the beginning of the gore OHIO and ends at the point where the paved portion of the gore ends. Gore striping on the ramp starts at the beginning of the gore and For an exit ramp with a tapered deceleration lane, gore strip- ends at the point where the paved shoulder on the ramp begins ing on both the exit ramp and the mainline roadway starts at (an unspecified distance beyond the point where the paved por- the point where the full width of the ramp first becomes avail- tion of the gore ends). The gore striping is comprised of solid able and ends at the point where the paved shoulders end 8-in.-wide lines. Chevron stripes that are 8 in. wide at 10-ft (shown as the point where the paved gore ends for the ramp spacing are placed within the paved portion of the gore. and as a point beyond the end of the paved gore for the main- line roadway). The gore striping is comprised of solid 8- or 12-in.-wide lines. A 4- to 6-in.-wide broken lane line (10-ft OREGON segments with 30-ft gaps) is placed from the point where a full lane width first becomes available to the beginning of the For an exit ramp with a tapered deceleration lane, gore strip- gore. An optional 4- to 6-in.-wide dotted line (2-ft segments ing on both the exit ramp and the mainline roadway starts at with 4-ft gaps) may be placed along the right-hand side of the the point where the full width of the ramp first becomes avail- adjacent mainline lane from the point where the ramp starts to able and ends at the point where the paved shoulders portion the point where the broken lane line starts. Pavement mark- of the gore ends. The gore striping is comprised of solid 8-in.- ings are not required within the paved portion of the gore. If wide lines. An optional dotted line (2-ft segments with 6-ft used, they consist of 24-in.-wide diagonal lines that point at a gaps) may be placed along the right-hand side of the adjacent 45 forward angle from the right edge line of the mainline mainline lane from the point where the ramp starts to the point lane (they do not intersect the left edge line of the ramp at a where the gore striping starts. Pavement markings within the 45 forward angle). The spacing of the diagonal lines is 12 ft paved portion of the gore are optional. If used, they may be for the first 48 ft, 24 ft for the next 48 ft, and 48 ft thereafter. 12-in.-wide diagonal lines that point at a 45 forward angle from the right edge line of the mainline lane (they do not inter- For an exit ramp with a parallel deceleration lane, gore sect the left edge line of the ramp at a 45 forward angle) or striping on both the exit ramp and the mainline roadway starts 12-in.-wide chevrons. at the point where the gore starts and ends at the point where the paved shoulders end (shown as the point where the paved For an exit ramp with a parallel deceleration lane, gore gore ends for the ramp and as a point beyond the end of the striping on both the exit ramp and the mainline roadway paved gore for the mainline roadway). The gore striping is starts at the point where the gore starts and ends at the point comprised of solid 8- or 12-in.-wide lines. Pavement mark- where the paved shoulders portion of the gore ends. The gore ings are not required within the paved portion of the gore. If striping is comprised of solid 8-in.-wide lines. There are no used, they consist of 24-in.-wide diagonal lines that point at a pavement markings within the paved portion of the gore. 45 forward angle from the right edge line of the mainline lane (they do not intersect the left edge line of the ramp at a 45 forward angle). The spacing of the diagonal lines is 12 ft PENNSYLVANIA for the first 48 ft, 24 ft for the next 48 ft, and 48 ft thereafter. For an exit ramp with a tapered deceleration lane, gore striping on the mainline roadway starts at the point where the full width OKLAHOMA of the ramp first becomes available and ends 50 ft beyond the point where the paved portion of the gore ends, and gore strip- For an exit ramp with a tapered deceleration lane, gore strip- ing on the ramp starts at the point where the full width of the ing on the mainline roadway starts at the point where the full ramp first becomes available and ends at the point where the width of the ramp first becomes available and ends at the paved portion of the gore ends. The gore striping is comprised point where the paved portion of the gore ends. Gore striping of solid 8-in.-wide lines. An optional 8-in.-wide dotted line on the ramp starts at the point where the full width of the ramp (2-ft segments with 4-ft gaps) may be placed along the right- first becomes available and ends at the point where the paved hand side of the adjacent mainline lane from the point where shoulder on the ramp begins (an unspecified distance beyond the exit ramp starts to the point where the gore striping starts. the point where the paved portion of the gore ends). The gore Diagonal lines that are 24 in. wide at 16-ft spacing that point at

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135 a 45 forward angle from the right edge line of the mainline For an exit ramp with a parallel deceleration lane, gore lane (they do not intersect the left edge line of the ramp at a 45 striping on both the mainline roadway and the ramp starts at forward angle) or chevrons that are 24 in. wide at 16-ft spac- the point where the gore starts and ends 50 ft beyond the ing may be placed within the paved portion of the gore when point where the paved portion of the gore ends. The gore visibility or sight distance of the gore is restricted. striping is comprised of solid 8-in.-wide lines. Chevrons that are 12 in. wide and spaced at 20-ft intervals are used in the For an exit ramp with a parallel deceleration lane, gore paved portion of the gore after the width of the gore becomes striping on the mainline roadway starts at the point where the 6 ft. If the gore area is so short that at least five chevrons can- gore starts and ends 50 ft beyond the point where the paved not be placed within the gore, the chevrons are omitted from portion of the gore ends, and gore striping on the ramp starts the gore area. at the point where the gore starts and ends at the point where the paved portion of the gore ends. The gore striping is com- prised of solid 8-in.-wide lines. Diagonal lines that are 24 in. TEXAS wide at 16-ft spacing that point at a 45 forward angle from the right edge line of the mainline lane (they do not intersect For an exit ramp with a tapered deceleration lane, gore strip- the left edge line of the ramp at a 45 forward angle) or ing on both the exit ramp and the mainline roadway starts at chevrons that are 24 in. wide at 16-ft spacing may be placed the point where the full width of the ramp first becomes avail- within the paved portion of the gore when visibility or sight able and ends at the point where the paved shoulders portion distance of the gore is restricted. of the gore ends. The gore striping is comprised of solid 8-in.- wide lines. A 4-in.-wide dotted line (2-ft segments with 4-ft gaps) is placed along the right-hand side of the adjacent main- RHODE ISLAND line lane from the point where the ramp starts to the point where the gore striping starts. Diagonal lines that are typically The gore striping is comprised of solid 12-in.-wide lines. 24 in. wide, but no less than 12 in. wide, at 20-ft spacing that Chevrons are used in the paved portion of the gore for exit point at a 45 forward angle from the right edge line of the ramps. The chevrons are 12 in. wide and spaced at 20-ft mainline lane (they do not intersect the left edge line of the intervals. ramp at a 45 forward angle) are placed within the paved por- tion of the gore. SOUTH CAROLINA For an exit ramp with a parallel deceleration lane, gore For exit ramps, gore striping on the mainline roadway starts striping on both the exit ramp and the mainline roadway at the point where the full width of the ramp first becomes starts at the point where the gore starts and ends at the point available and ends an unspecified distance beyond the point where the paved shoulders portion of the gore ends. The gore where the paved portion of the gore ends, and gore striping on striping is comprised of solid 8-in.-wide lines. Diagonal lines the ramp starts at the point where the full width of the ramp that are typically 24 in. wide, but no less than 12 in. wide, at first becomes available and ends at the point where the paved 20-ft spacing that point at a 45 forward angle from the right portion of the gore ends. The gore striping is comprised of edge line of the mainline lane (they do not intersect the left solid 12-in.-wide lines for entrance and exit ramps on express- edge line of the ramp at a 45 forward angle) are placed within ways and freeways and of solid 8-in.-wide lines for entrance the paved portion of the gore. and exit ramps on primary and secondary highways. There are no pavement markings within the paved portion of the gore. UTAH TENNESSEE For an exit ramp with a tapered deceleration lane, gore strip- ing on both the exit ramp and the mainline roadway starts at For an exit ramp with a tapered deceleration lane, gore strip- the point where the full width of the ramp first becomes avail- ing on both the mainline roadway and the ramp starts at the able and ends at the point where the paved portion of the gore point where the full width of the ramp first becomes available ends. The gore striping is comprised of solid 8-in.-wide lines. and ends 50 ft beyond the point where the paved portion of A 4-in.-wide dotted line (2-ft segments with 6-ft gaps) is placed the gore ends. The gore striping is comprised of solid 8-in.- along the right-hand side of the adjacent mainline lane from wide lines. A 6-in.-wide dotted line (2-ft segments with 4-ft the point where the ramp starts to the point where the gore gaps) is placed along the right-hand side of the adjacent main- striping starts. There are no pavement markings within the line lane from the point where the exit ramp starts to the point paved portion of the gore. where the gore striping starts. Chevrons that are 12 in. wide and spaced at 20-ft intervals are used in the paved portion of For an exit ramp with a parallel deceleration lane, gore the gore after the width of the gore becomes 6 ft. If the gore striping on both the exit ramp and the mainline roadway area is so short that at least five chevrons cannot be placed starts at the point where the gore starts and ends at the point within the gore, the chevrons are omitted from the gore area. where the paved portion of the gore ends. The gore striping

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136 is comprised of solid 8-in.-wide lines. There are no pavement the paved portion of the gore ends. The gore striping is com- markings within the paved portion of the gore. prised of solid 8-in.-wide lines. There are no pavement mark- ings within the paved portion of the gore. VERMONT Raised pavement markers forming diagonal lines that point For an exit ramp with a tapered deceleration lane, gore strip- at a 45 forward angle from the right edge line of the main- line lane (they do not intersect the left edge line of the ramp ing on both the mainline roadway and the ramp starts at the at a 45 forward angle) may be placed within the paved por- point where the full width of the ramp first becomes available tion of the gore to increase visibility. and ends at the point where the paved portion of the gore ends. The gore striping is comprised of solid 12-in.-wide lines. A 4-in.-wide dotted line (2-ft segments with 4-ft gaps) is placed WEST VIRGINIA along the right-hand side of the adjacent mainline lane from the point where the exit ramp starts to the point where the For an exit ramp with a tapered deceleration lane, gore strip- gore striping starts. Diagonal lines that are 12 in. wide at 7-ft ing on both the mainline roadway and the ramp starts at the spacing that point at a 45 forward angle from the right edge point where the full width of the ramp first becomes available line of the mainline lane (they do not intersect the left edge and ends 25 ft beyond the Exit Gore sign. The gore striping line of the ramp at a 45 forward angle) may be placed within is comprised of solid 6- to 8-in.-wide lines. A 4-in.-wide dot- the paved portion of the gore to increase visibility because of ted line (2-ft segments with 13-ft gaps) is placed along the difficult vertical or horizontal alignment. right-hand side of the adjacent mainline lane from the point where the exit ramp starts to the point where the gore striping For an exit ramp with a parallel deceleration lane, gore starts. Diagonal lines that are 24 in. wide at 8- to 12-ft spac- striping on both the mainline roadway and the ramp starts at ing that point at a 45 forward angle from the right edge line the point where the gore starts and ends at the point where of the mainline lane (they do not intersect the left edge line of the paved portion of the gore ends. The gore striping is com- the ramp at a 45 forward angle) are placed within the paved prised of solid 12-in.-wide lines. Diagonal lines that are 12 in. portion of the gore. wide at 7-ft spacing that point at a 45 forward angle from the right edge line of the mainline lane (they do not intersect For an exit ramp with a parallel deceleration lane, gore the left edge line of the ramp at a 45 forward angle) may be striping on both the mainline roadway and the ramp starts at placed within the paved portion of the gore to increase visi- the point where the gore starts and ends 25 ft beyond the Exit bility because of difficult vertical or horizontal alignment. Gore sign. The gore striping is comprised of solid 6- to 8-in.- wide lines. Diagonal lines that are 24 in. wide at 8- to 12-ft spacing that point at a 45 forward angle from the right edge VIRGINIA line of the mainline lane (they do not intersect the left edge line of the ramp at a 45 forward angle) are placed within the paved For an exit ramp with a parallel deceleration lane, gore strip- portion of the gore. ing on the mainline roadway starts at the point where the gore starts and ends 150 ft beyond the point where the paved por- tion of the gore ends, and gore striping on the ramp starts at WISCONSIN the point where the gore starts and ends at the point where the For an exit ramp with a tapered deceleration lane, gore strip- paved portion of the gore ends. The gore striping is comprised ing on both the mainline roadway and the ramp starts at the of solid 8-in.-wide lines. Pavement markings are not required point where the full width of the ramp first becomes available within the paved portion of the gore. If used, chevrons that are and ends 50 ft beyond the point where the paved portion of 24 in. wide at 8-ft spacing are placed within the paved portion the gore ends. The gore striping is comprised of 8-in.-wide of the gore. solid lines. A 4-in.-wide dotted line (3-ft segments with 12-ft gaps) is placed along the right-hand side of the adjacent main- WASHINGTON line lane from the point where the exit ramp starts to the point where the gore striping starts. Optional diagonal lines that are For an exit ramp with a tapered deceleration lane, gore striping 24 in. wide at 8- to 25-ft spacing that point at a 45 forward on both the mainline roadway and the ramp starts at the point angle from the right edge line of the mainline lane (they do where the full width of the ramp first becomes available and not intersect the left edge line of the ramp at a 45 forward ends at the point where the paved portion of the gore ends. The angle) are placed within the paved portion of the gore. gore striping is comprised of solid 8-in.-wide lines. There are no pavement markings within the paved portion of the gore. For an exit ramp with a parallel deceleration lane, gore striping on both the mainline roadway and the ramp starts at For an exit ramp with a parallel deceleration lane, gore the point where the gore starts and ends 50 ft beyond the striping on both the mainline roadway and the ramp starts at point where the paved portion of the gore ends. The gore the point where the gore starts and ends at the point where striping is comprised of 8-in.-wide solid lines. Optional diag-

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137 onal lines that are 24 in. wide at 8- to 25-ft spacing that point spacing are placed within the paved portion of the gore. An at a 45 forward angle from the right edge line of the main- optional dotted line may be placed along the right-hand side line lane (they do not intersect the left edge line of the ramp of the adjacent mainline lane from the point where the ramp at a 45 forward angle) are placed within the paved portion starts to the point where the gore striping starts. of the gore. For an exit ramp with a parallel deceleration lane, gore striping on both the exit ramp and the mainline roadway starts WYOMING at the beginning of the gore and ends at the point where the For an exit ramp with a tapered deceleration lane, gore strip- paved portion of the gore ends. The gore striping is com- ing on both the mainline roadway and the ramp starts at the prised of solid 8-in.-wide lines. Chevron stripes that are 12 in. point where the full width of the ramp first becomes available wide at 7-ft (shown as 2.0-m) spacing are placed within the and ends at the point where the paved portion of the gore paved portion of the gore. ends. The gore striping is comprised of solid 8-in.-wide lines. An optional 4-in.-wide dotted line (2-ft segments with 6-ft NEW YORK, NY gaps) may be placed along the right-hand side of the adjacent mainline lane from the point where the ramp starts to the For an exit ramp with a tapered deceleration lane, gore strip- point where the gore striping starts. There are no pavement ing on both the exit ramp and the mainline roadway starts at markings within the paved portion of the gore. the point where the full width of the ramp first becomes avail- able and ends an unspecified distance beyond where the paved For an exit ramp with a parallel deceleration lane, gore portion of the gore ends. The gore striping is comprised of striping on both the mainline roadway and the ramp starts solid 8-in.-wide lines. Chevron stripes that are 16 in. wide at where the gore starts and ends at the point where the paved an unspecified spacing are placed within the paved portion of portion of the gore ends. The gore striping is comprised of the gore. An 8-in.-wide dotted line (2-ft segments with 4-ft solid 8-in.-wide lines. There are no pavement markings gaps) is typically placed along the right-hand side of the adja- within the paved portion of the gore. cent mainline lane from the point where the ramp starts to the point where the gore striping starts. PUERTO RICO No standards were found for: For an exit ramp with a tapered deceleration lane, gore strip- Alaska South Dakota ing on both the exit ramp and the mainline roadway starts at Arkansas District of Columbia the point where the full width of the ramp first becomes avail- Idaho Charlotte, NC able and ends at the point where the paved portion of the gore Maine Los Angeles, CA ends. The gore striping is comprised of solid 8-in.-wide lines. New Jersey Tucson/Pima County, AZ Chevron stripes that are 12 in. wide at 7-ft (shown as 2.0-m) New Mexico