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22 AK--24 to 36 in. to avoid wheel paths walk to the edge of the pavement. A 24-in.-wide longitudi- HI--28 in. nal line may be placed on paved shoulders that are more than RI--30 in. 4 ft wide to extend the crosswalk to the edge of the pavement. MO--30 to 36 in. to avoid wheel paths (the widths of the When two 8-in wide longitudinal lines that are separated by longitudinal lines and the spaces between them are an 8-in. space are substituted for the 24-in.-wide longitudinal based on the lane width, with 30-in. lines and 30-in. lines, an 8-in.-wide longitudinal line may be placed on paved spaces for 10-ft-wide lanes, 33-in. lines and 33-in. spaces shoulders that are 4 ft wide or less to extend the crosswalk to for 11-ft-wide lanes, and 36-in. lines and 36-in. spaces the edge of the pavement. for 12-ft wide lanes) MN--30 to 42 in. to avoid wheel paths (the widths of the Other Types of Crosswalks (3 agencies) longitudinal lines and the spaces between them are spec- ified in a chart that is based on the width of the inside The design standards for Connecticut, Ohio, and Pennsylva- through lane) nia show special crosswalk markings that may be used for an OK--36 in. exclusive pedestrian signal phase where all vehicles are NY--48 in. stopped and pedestrians can cross all legs of the intersection WY--48 to 60 in. to avoid wheel paths or can cross diagonally. These markings feature a single line OR--centered on lane lines and centers of approach lanes that completely crosses each leg of the intersection. The to avoid wheel paths, with a minimum spacing of 36 in. design standards for Connecticut specify that these lines are and a maximum spacing of 48 in. 24 in. wide. TUC--centered on lane lines and centers of approach lanes to avoid wheel paths, with an approximate spac- ing of 48 in. STOP LINES NE--centered on lane lines and centers of approach lanes 2003 MUTCD Provisions to avoid wheel paths, with a maximum spacing of 48 in. WA--centered on lane lines and centers of approach lanes Paragraph 1 of Section 3B.16 contains the following stan- to avoid wheel paths, with a maximum spacing of 60 in. dard: "If used, stop lines shall consist of solid white lines CO, GA, KS, LAN--centered on lane lines and centers of extending across approach lanes to indicate the point at approach lanes to avoid wheel paths which the stop is intended or required to be made." The color NV--centered on lane lines and centers of approach lanes and that the line must be a solid line are specified, but no stan- to avoid wheel paths in District 1, and 24 in. in Dis- dards are given regarding the use or width of the line. tricts 2 and 3. Paragraph 3 of Section 3B.16 contains the following guid- Other Considerations Regarding Standard ance: "Stop lines should be 12 to 24 in. wide." and High-Visibility Crosswalks (6 agencies) The design standards for Tennessee require that the nearest Use Versus Non-Use of Stop Lines (46 agencies) edge of the crosswalk line be located at least 2 ft from the Except for four agencies, the design standards consistently extended edge line of the street that is parallel to the crosswalk. require stop lines to be used for all signalized approaches. The design standards for Alaska show that the transverse The design standards for Arkansas require that crosswalks crosswalk line nearest to the approach lane also serves as the be located at least 3 ft from the extended edge line of the stop line for the approach. The design standards for Oregon street that is parallel to the crosswalk. state that when standard crosswalks are used, the transverse line nearest to the approach lane is used as the stop line. The The design standards for Arizona and California require design standards for the city of Los Angeles state that where that crosswalks near schools be yellow, and that the nearest crosswalks are present, the transverse crosswalk line nearest edge of the crosswalk line be located at least 6 ft from the to the approach lane serves as the stop line (the lane lines on extended edge line of the street that is parallel to the crosswalk. the approach and departure end at the transverse crosswalk The design standards for West Virginia require that the line nearest to the approach lane, and the centerline crosses outside edges of crosswalks (the edge of the crosswalk far- through standard crosswalks and ends at the transverse cross- thest from the intersection) be at least 6 ft from the extended walk line closest to the intersection). The design standards edge line of the street that is parallel to the crosswalk. for Nebraska note that stop lines are used if needed. The design standards for Washington note that when Width of Stop Lines (43 agencies) 24-in.-wide longitudinal lines are used for a high-visibility crosswalk, a 12-in.-wide longitudinal line may be placed on The design standards for the 43 agencies that specify a stop paved shoulders that are 4 ft wide or less to extend the cross- line width use the following widths: