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25 CHAPTER THREE PAVEMENT MARKINGS BETWEEN INTERSECTIONS MIDBLOCK CROSSWALKS Other Considerations at Midblock Crosswalks (1 agency) 2003 MUTCD Provisions The design standards for Idaho state that the use of urban In addition to other MUTCD provisions that are normally midblock crosswalks, except in special cases, should be associated with crosswalks, Paragraphs 8 and 9 of Section discouraged. Midblock crosswalks cause vehicularpedestrian 3B.16 contain the following guidance: "If used at an unsignal- conflicts, additional vehicle delay, disrupt traffic signal pro- ized midblock crosswalk, yield lines should be placed adja- gression, and present an unexpected pedestrian problem to cent to the Yield Here to Pedestrians sign located 20 to 50 ft the driver who normally expects these conflicts only at inter- in advance of the nearest crosswalk line . . . (see Figure 3B-15). sections. Midblock crosswalks sometimes have sight distance Stop lines at midblock signalized locations should be placed restrictions because of parked vehicles. Drivers do not respect at least 40 ft in advance of the nearest signal indication (see midblock crosswalks as much as crosswalks at intersections. Section 4D.15)" (see Appendix A for figures). Pedestrians have a false assumption that marked crosswalks provide them protection, causing an extra problem at midblock Type of Midblock Crosswalk (5 agencies) locations where both the pedestrian and motorists might not be alert. The design standards for Arizona and Connecticut require wider crosswalks at midblock locations than at intersections. MINIMUM LENGTH OF PASSING ZONES The design standards for Colorado and the city of Los 2003 MUTCD Provisions Angeles require the use of high-visibility crosswalks at mid- block locations. Paragraph 3 of Section 3B.02 contains the following guidance: "Where the distance between successive no-passing zones is The design standards for Rhode Island recommend the less than 400 ft, no-passing markings should connect the lines." use of high-visibility crosswalks at midblock locations. Minimum Length of Passing Zones (22 agencies) Use and Placement of Stop Lines or Yield Lines at Midblock Crosswalks (6 agencies) The design standards for Kentucky show 400 ft as the min- imum length of a passing zone, but also state that on low- The design standards for Arizona recommend that stop lines volume roads with low speeds and infrequent passing oppor- at midblock signalized locations be placed at least 40 ft in tunities this distance may be shortened to 200 ft. advance of the far side signal indication. The design standards for 10 agencies (AL, AR, CO, IA, The design standards for Michigan show a stop line NY, ND, OR, PA, WV, and TUC) show 400 ft as the minimum located 4 ft from the nearest edge of a midblock crosswalk. length of a passing zone. The design standards for the city of Los Angeles show a stop The design standards for Virginia show 500 ft as the mini- line located 5 ft from a midblock high-visibility crosswalk. mum length of a passing zone. The design standards for Nevada show a stop line located The design standards for Montana show 1,000 ft as the min- 30 ft from the nearest edge of a midblock crosswalk. imum length of a passing zone. The design standards for Florida show a stop line located at The design standards for Arkansas specify 10 s of travel least 40 ft from the center of a signalized midblock crosswalk. distance at the 85th percentile or posted speed, whichever is higher, as the minimum length of a passing zone. The design standards for Pennsylvania note that if yield lines are used at unsignalized midblock crosswalks they The design standards for California specify the minimum should be placed 20 to 50 ft in advance of the crosswalk. length of a passing zone to be the minimum passing sight