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54 APPENDIX A Figures from Chapter 3B of the 2003 MUTCD That Are Referenced in this Synthesis Sixteen figures from Chapter 3B of the 2003 MUTCD are referenced in this synthesis. These figures (Figures 3B-2, 3, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 15, 16, 17, 20, 21, and 22) are shown in numerical order in Appendix A. a - Typical multi-lane, b - Typical multi-lane, two-way marking two-way marking with single lane left turn channelization Legend Optional Direction of travel Note: See Section 3B.07 for edge line warrants. FIGURE 3B-2 Examples of Four-or-More Lane, Two-Way Marking Applications

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55 a - Typical three-lane, two-way b - Typical three-lane, two way marking with passing permitted marking with passing prohibited in single-lane direction in single-lane direction Legend Direction of travel FIGURE 3B-3 Examples of Three-Lane, Two-Way Marking Applications

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56 Legend Direction of travel 3/4 d d = Advance warning distance (see Section 2C.05) Two directional no Note: See Section 3B.02 for passing marking determining the minimum length of the buffer zone. Zone of limited sight distance, Car "Y" Car "Y" Buffer zone Car "X" Zone of limited sight distance, Car "X" Two directional no passing marking See Fig. 3B-12 FIGURE 3B-4 Example of Three-Lane, Two-Way Marking for Changing Direction of the Center Lane

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57 Legend Optional Direction of travel MINOR CROSS STREET Typical Spacing 2.4 - 4.9 m (8 - 16 ft) MAJOR CROSS STREET FIGURE 3B-7 Example of Two-Way Left-Turn Lane Marking Applications

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58 a - Parallel deceleration lane b - Tapered deceleration lane Neutral area Optional chevron Neutral area markings Optional chevron markings Channelizing lines Channelizing lines Theoretical gore point Broken lane line markings for one-half length of full-width deceleration lane Optional dotted extension of right edge line Optional dotted Legend extension of lane line Direction of travel FIGURE 3B-8 Examples of Channelizing Line Applications for Exit Ramp Markings (Sheet 1 of 2)

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59 c - Auxiliary lane, such as at cloverleaf interchange Legend Direction of travel Neutral area Optional diagonal or chevron approach markings Theoretical gore point Broken lane line markings for full length of acceleration/deceleration lane Channelizing lines FIGURE 3B-8 Examples of Channelizing Line Applications for Exit Ramp Markings (Sheet 2 of 2)

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60 a - Parallel acceleration lane b - Tapered acceleration lane Legend Direction of travel Full lane width Broken lane line markings for one-half length of full-width acceleration lane Channelizing lines Channelizing line Edge of through lane FIGURE 3B-9 Examples of Channelizing Line Applications for Entrance Ramp Markings

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61 Exit Ramp Legend Direction of travel Theoretical gore point Varies Varies 200 mm (8 in) Solid White Line (see detail at right) 2.7 m (9 ft) 0.9 m (3 ft) 2.7 m (9 ft) 0.9 m (3 ft) 800 m (1/2 mile) 200 mm (8 in) 2.7 m Lane Drop Marking (9 ft) (see detail at right) 0.9 m (3 ft) 200 mm (8 in) Optional speed measurement marking FIGURE 3B-10 Example of Lane Drop Markings at Exit Ramps

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62 a- Legend mandatory turn lane b- FIGURE 3B-11 Examples of Extensions through Intersections (Sheet 1 of 2)

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63 c - Typical dotted line markings to extend longitudinal lane line markings Legend Direction of travel d - Typical dotted line markings to extend longitudinal centerline markings FIGURE 3B-11 Examples of Extensions through Intersections (Sheet 2 of 2)

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64 a - From 3 lanes to 2 lanes rs Delineato b - From 4 lanes to 3 lanes rs Delineato c - From 4 lanes to 2 lanes L s W eator d/4 Delin d L = S = W= d = Advance warning distance (see Section 2C.05) 2 2 ( See Section 3D.04 for delineator spacing. 155 (L = WS 60 FIGURE 3B-12 Examples of Lane Reduction Markings

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65 a - Center of two-lane road b - Center of four-lane road MIN. L L L L (1 to 2 ft) (1 to 2 ft) W W MIN. For speeds less than 70 km/h (45 mph) L = WS2/155 (L=WS2 S= W= Obstruction sight distance conditions FIGURE 3B-13 Examples of Markings for Obstructions in the Roadway (Sheet 1 of 2)

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66 c - Traffic passing both sides of obstruction Obstruction L L L L L L (1 to 2 ft) (1 to 2 ft) W W L L For speeds less than 70 km/h (45 mph) L = WS2/155 (L=WS2 S= W = Offset distance in meters (ft) sight distance conditions FIGURE 3B-13 Examples of Markings for Obstructions in the Roadway (Sheet 2 of 2)

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67 Legend (20 to 50 ft) Direction of travel a) Two-way roadway (20 to 50 ft) b) One-way roadway (20 to 50 ft) FIGURE 3B-15 Examples of Yield Lines at Unsignalized Midblock Crosswalks to avoid wheel path FIGURE 3B-16 Examples of Crosswalk Markings

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68 Optional FIGURE 3B-17 Example of Crosswalk Markings for Exclusive Pedestrian Phase That Permits Diagonal Crossing 2.4 m (8 ft) 1.8 m (5.9 ft) FIGURE 3B-20 Example of Elongated Letters for Word Pavement Markings

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69 b - Turn Lane-Use Arrow a - Through Lane-Use Arrow 2.9 m (9.5 ft) 2.4 m (8.0 ft) c - Turn and Through Lane-Use Arrow d - Wrong-Way Arrow 7.2 m (23.5 ft) 3.9 m (12.75 ft) f - Lane-Reduction Arrow m 1.7 ft) 7 (5.6 e- m 5.5 ft) 0 1.45 m (18. (27.0 in) mm 675 in) 7.0 (2 Pavement A of the "Standard Highway Signs" book (see Section 1A.11). FIGURE 3B-21 Examples of Standard Arrows for Pavement Markings

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70 Legend becomes mandatory turn lane FIGURE 3B-22 Examples of Lane Use Control Word and Symbol Markings