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15 CHAPTER 4 Detailed Case Study Findings After analyzing general data from the preliminary case Vehicle characteristics studies, the research team focused on a more in-depth analy- Vehicle type, capacity (seats/wheelchair positions), sis of a select group of transit agencies. In choosing the agen- technology (annunciators, automatic vehicle location cies for this select group, the research team sought to balance [AVL], smartcards) the distribution of geography and agency size. Because a key Route Characteristics goal of the research was to illustrate the nexus between land Headway (peak/off peak); average speed; trips per week- use and suburban transit services, sites with more extensive day, Saturday, and Sunday; route length (mi/hr); service data on land use, demographics, and operations were given span (weekdays/Saturday/Sunday) priority. The research team chose sites with a range of subur- Performance ban transit services, from both large urban and small rural Annual passengers, revenue-hours, revenue-miles, areas of the country, both with and without specific policies vehicle-hours, vehicle-miles, cost/passenger, cost/hour, guiding service implementation: cost/mile, subsidy/passenger, farebox recovery ratio Funding Sources King County Metro (Seattle, Washington), Transit Policy Tri-Met (Portland, Oregon), Board role and involvement, decision-making process, South Metro Area Rapid Transit (Wilsonville, Oregon), guidelines, performance measurement system (describe), Regional Transportation District (Denver, Colorado), organizational model, other unique characteristics Metropolitan Council (Minneapolis area, Minnesota), Land Use and Travel Patterns Suburban Mobility Authority for Regional Transportation Key attractions (suburban Detroit, Michigan), Large employers, schools, shopping centers, medical Broward County Transit (Broward County, Florida), and centers, museums, arenas, hotels Capital District Transportation Authority (Albany, Land use by parcel New York). Residential (dwelling units by parcel or block), com- mercial (square footage of leasable space) As indicated in Tables 4-1 through 4-3, the recommended Travel behavior sites vary in size, provide broad geographical coverage, and Origin-destination travel patterns, trip purposes, trip offer a wide range of service alternatives. frequency Demographics Case Study Research Methodology Household income, car ownership, age composition, The research team developed a detailed information unemployment rate, non-English-speaking popula- request form, as summarized below: tions, average household size Street Network Characteristics Transit Characteristics Street width, number of lanes, speed limit, signal spac- Service characteristics ing, average daily traffic, volume/capacity ratio, level of % of households or jobs within service area, response service (LOS), connectivity, distance between bus stops time, number of vehicles in peak service, intermodal Transit Priority Features hubs, technology (signal preemption/next bus) Traffic signal priority, queue jump lanes, exclusive lanes

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16 Table 4-1. Detailed case study sites by agency size. Small Medium Large (Fewer than 100 buses) (100 600 buses) (More than 600 buses) South Metro Area Rapid Capital District Transportation Denver Regional Transit, SMART (OR) Authority, CDTA (NY) Transportation District, Denver RTD (CO) Broward County Transit, BCT (FL) King County Metro, Metro (WA) Suburban Mobility Authority for Regional Transportation, Metropolitan Council, SMART (MI) MetCouncil (MN) Tri-County Metropolitan Transportation District, TriMet (OR) Table 4-2. Detailed case study sites by agency location. East South Midwest West Capital District Broward County Suburban Mobility South Metro Area Transportation Transit, BCT (FL) Authority for Regional Rapid Transit, Authority, CDTA Transportation, SMART (OR) (NY) SMART (MI) Tri-County Metropolitan Metropolitan Council, Transportation MetCouncil (MN) District, TriMet (OR) King County Metro, Metro (WA) Denver Regional Transportation District, Denver RTD (CO) Table 4-3. Detailed case study sites by transit services offered. Capital District Transportation Broward County Transit, BCT Suburban Mobility Authority for Regional Transportation, King County Metro, Metro Tri-County Metropolitan South Metro Area Rapid Transportation District, Transportation District, Authority, CDTA (NY) Metropolitan Council, Transit, SMART (OR) Denver RTD (CO) MetCouncil (MN) Denver Regional SMART (MI) TriMet (OR) (WA) (FL) Transit Services Fixed Route - Circulator/Shuttle Demand Responsive Flexible -Route Deviation -Point Deviation Commuter -Bus -Vanpool