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OCR for page 157
157 CHAPTER 7 Future Research Many potential research items have been identified Table 73 shows these research items and the estimated throughout the research. These items, in order of priority, are schedule and cost associated with each item. as follows: The criteria employed to determine the above prioritiza- tion are as follows: 1. Develop a pocket-sized user guide. 2. Develop a CD containing the report tables. The resultant impact on the potential safety and security of 3. Collaborate with European research programs. transportation tunnels, 4. Evaluate the effects of fire on the tunnel structure. The estimated duration of the effort involved to secure 5. Evaluate the effectiveness of current tunnel fire detection results, and systems. The estimated cost of securing results. 6. Summarize and publish a set of "lessons learned." 7. Develop a best practices manual. The following sections discuss each potential research item 8. Identify changes in operation protocols to enhance safety. in detail. 9. Develop a set of sample emergency response procedures. 10. Develop a program to conduct a series of interactive 7.1 Pocket-Sized User Guide owner orientation workshops. 11. Develop more effective broad-based fire detection systems. A user guide that contains critical documents of this 12. Develop ground improvement retrofitting schemes. report (Tables 14 through 16 and 25 through 41) could be 13. Develop guidelines for vehicle inspections. produced. This user guide would be available for tunnel 14. Develop design criteria for new tunnels. owners, operators, and engineers as a pocket-sized manual 15. Develop a program to encourage development of more for easy use. effective fire detection systems. 16. Develop a program to conduct interactive industry feed- 7.2 Report Tables on a CD back workshops. 17. Develop an interactive electronic version of this report. A CD containing the report tables could be produced to 18. Evaluate the effectiveness of current tunnel fire suppression facilitate the goal of making the tables easier to use. Although systems. this effort would not achieve the same level of automation as 19. Identify retrofit technologies to enhance safety. the interactive database described in Section 7.17, it would 20. Develop a program to encourage development of more consolidate the tabular information contained herein. This effective fire suppression systems. would make most sense for the structural and system vulner- 21. Develop a tunnel-specific inspection manual. ability tables (Tables 14 through 16 and 25 through 27, 22. Develop advanced coordinated control schemes for respectively), the structural and system hazard and threat ventilation systems. directories (Tables 28 through 30 and 31 through 33, respec- 23. Build test tunnels or models. tively), the countermeasure guides (Tables 34 through 41), 24. Conduct structural blast damage potential analyses. and the countermeasure descriptions sheets (Sections 5.4.1 25. Develop intelligent egress systems. through 5.4.3). Rather than sifting through many sheets of 26. Research issues identified by case studies. paper, the user would be able to conduct searches within the

OCR for page 157
158 Table 73. Future potential research issues. Estimated Estimated Priority Text Future Potential Research Schedule Cost Remarks Rank Section (months) ($1,000) 1 Develop a pocket-sized user guide 7.1 3 35 Develop a CD containing the report 2 7.2 6 60 tables Collaborate with European research 3 7.3 6 60 programs Evaluate the effects of fire on the tunnel 4 7.4 6 60 structure Current Evaluate the effectiveness of current 5 7.5 12 200 research by tunnel fire detection systems NFPA Summarize and publish a set of "lessons 6 7.6 6 60 learned" 7 Develop a best practices manual 7.7 12 120 Identify changes in operation protocols to 8 7.8 12 120 enhance safety Develop a set of sample emergency 9 7.9 12 120 response procedures Develop a program to conduct a series of 10 7.10 6 120 interactive owner orientation workshops Work being Develop more effective broad-based fire 11 7.11 24 200 done by detection systems national labs Develop ground improvement retrofitting 12 7.12 12 150 schemes Develop guidelines for vehicle 13 7.13 9 90 inspections 14 Develop design criteria for new tunnels 7.14 12 160 Develop a program to encourage 15 development of more effective fire 7.15 12 120 detection systems Develop a program to conduct interactive 16 7.16 6 60 industry feedback workshops Develop an interactive electronic version 17 7.17 18 360 of this report Evaluate the effectiveness of current 18 7.18 18 200 tunnel fire suppression systems Identify retrofit technologies to enhance 19 7.19 6 60 safety Develop a program to encourage 20 development of more effective fire 7.20 12 120 suppression systems Develop a tunnel-specific inspection 21 7.21 12 120 manual Develop advanced coordinated control 22 7.22 12 120 schemes for ventilation systems 23 Build test tunnels or models 7.23 48 2,000+ Conduct structural blast damage 24 7.24 12 200 potential analyses 25 Develop intelligent egress systems 7.25 24 400 Research issues identified by case See Rank Item 26 7.26 0 0 studies #6