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166 Additional Sources 1. Department of the Army, "Structures to Resist the Effects of Acci- istration, John A. Volpe National Transportation Systems Center, dental Explosions", U.S. Army Technical Manual TM 5-1300, 1990. Cambridge, Massachusetts, November 2004. 2. D.R. Culverwell,"Comparative Merits of Steel and Concrete Forms 6. Tunnel Engineering Handbook, 2nd Edition, edited by of Tunnel", Proceedings of the Immersed Tunnel Techniques Sym- Thomas R. Kuesel and Elwyn H. King, International Thomson posium, 1989, Manchester, UK. Publishing. 3. G.W. McMahon "Vulnerability of Transportation Tunnels to 7. "Underground Transportation Systems in Europe: Safety, Opera- Terrorist Attacks," Bridge and Tunnel Vulnerability Workshop, tions and Emergency Response," sponsored by the U.S. Department sponsored by the Federal Highway Administration. of Transportation and the Federal Highway Administration in 4. S. Choi, J. Wang and G. Munfakh, "Tunnel Stability Under Explo- cooperation with American Association of State Highway and sion Proposed Blast Wave Parameters for a Practical Design Transportation Officials and the National Cooperative Highway Approach", First International Conference on Design and Analysis Research Program, May 2006. of Protective Structures Against Impact/Impulsive/Shock Loads, 8. Transit Cooperative Research Program, TCRP Web Document 15: December 1518, 2003, Tokyo, Japan. Guidelines for the Effective Use of Uniformed Transit Police and Secu- 5. "Transit Security Design Considerations," prepared for the Federal rity Personnel, Transportation Research Board, National Research Transit Administration by Research and Special Programs Admin- Council, 1996.