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OCR for page 167
167 List of Abbreviations AASHTO American Association of State Highway DP Damage Potential and Transportation Officials EIA Electronics Industries Association ACI American Concrete Institute EPB Earth Pressure Balance ADA Americans with Disabilities Act EPS Expandable Polystyrene AISC American Institute of Steel Construction ERP Emergency Response Plan ANSI American National Standards Institute FEMA Federal Emergency Management Agency APR Air-Purifying Respirator FHWA Federal Highway Administration AREMA American Railway Engineering and FIT Fire in Tunnels Maintenance Association F Degrees Fahrenheit ASCE American Society of Civil Engineers GA Tabun ASHRAE American Society of Heating, Refrigerat- GB Sarin ing and Air-Conditioning Engineers GD Soman ATM Asynchronous Transfer Mode HazMat Hazardous Material ATMB Autoroutes et Tunnels du Mont Blanc HVAC Heating,Ventilating, and Air Conditioning (the French agency that jointly operates IBTTA International Bridge, Tunnel and Turn- the Mont Blanc Tunnel with the Italian pike Association agency SITMB) ICS Incident Command System ATS Austrian Schillings IDS Intrusion Detection System AUA American Underground Construction IEC International Electrotechnical Commission Association IED Improvised Explosive Device AWS American Welding Society IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics BART Bay Area Rapid Transit Engineers B&O Baltimore & Ohio IEMA Illinois Emergency Management Agency BTP British Transport Police ITA International Tunnelling Association C/B/R Chemical/Biological/Radiological km Kilometer CCTV Closed-Circuit Television LAN Local Area Network CCVE Closed-Circuit Video Equipment m Meter CM Countermeasure MARC Maryland Area Rail Commuter Comms Communications MBTU Million British Thermal Units COSUF Committee on Operational Safety of MCEER Multidisciplinary Center for Earthquake Underground Facilities (formerly NCEER) Engineering Research (formerly the CPT Cone Penetration Test National Center for Earthquake Engi- CTA Chicago Transit Authority neering Research, located at the Univer- C Degrees Celsius sity of Buffalo) DARTS Durable and Reliable Tunnel Structures MEC Mechanical, Electrical, and Communi- DHS Department of Homeland Security cations DOT Department of Transportation MOA Memorandum of Agreement

OCR for page 167
168 MOU Memorandum of Understanding SCBA Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus MTA Maryland Transit Administration SEM Sequential Excavation Method MTFVTP Memorial Tunnel Fire Ventilation Test SITMB Societ Italia per l`Esercizio del Traforo Program del Monte Bianco (Italian agency that MW Megawatts jointly operates the Mont Blanc Tunnel NCEER National Center for Earthquake Engi- with the French agency ATMB) neering Research SONET Synchronous Optical Network NFPA National Fire Protection Association SPT Standard Penetration Test NRCC National Research Council of Canada TBM Tunnel Boring Machine NTSB National Transportation Safety Board TNT 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene OV Operational Vulnerability TSA Transportation Security Administration PATH Port Authority Trans-Hudson UPTUN UPgrading Methods for Fire Safety in PCB Polychlorinated Biphenyl Existing TUNnels PIARC World Road Association USDOJ United States Department of Justice PUC Public Utilities Commission Vent Ventilation PV Physical Vulnerability VoIP Voice-Over Internet Protocol PVC Polyvinyl Chloride WTC World Trade Center RFP Reinforced Fiber Protection VX V Agent SCADA Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition