Click for next page ( 104


The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 103
104 REFERENCES Abu-Hejleh, N., M.W. O'Neill, D. Hanneman, and W.J. At- tions Institute Conference, Bruges, Belgium, 1994, pp. wooll, Improvement of the Geotechnical Axial Design 616630. Methodology for Colorado's Drilled Shafts Socketed Bieniawski, Z.T., "Geomechanics Classification of Rock in Weak Rocks, Report No. CDOT-DTD-R-2003-6, Masses and Its Application in Tunnelling," Proceedings, Colorado Department of Transportation, Denver, 2003, Symposium on Exploration for Rock Engineering, 192 pp. Balkema, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 1976, pp. 97106. Acker, W.L., III, Basic Procedures for Soil Sampling and Bieniawski, Z.T., "Determining Rock Mass Deformability-- Core Drilling, Acker Drill Company, Inc., Scranton, Pa., Experience from Case Histories," International Journal 1974, 246 pp. of Rock Mechanics and Mineral Science, Vol. 15, 1978, Allen, T.M., "Development of Geotechnical Resistance Fac- pp. 237247. tors and Downdrag Load Factors for LRFD Foundation Bieniawski, Z.T., Rock Mass Design in Mining and Tunnel- Strength Limit State Design," Publication FHWA-NHI- ing, Balkema, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 1984, 272 pp. 05-052, Federal Highway Administration, Washington, Bieniawski, Z.T., Engineering Rock Mass Classifications, D.C., Feb. 2005. Wiley, New York, 1989. Annual Book of ASTM Standards, American Society for Bishnoi, B.W., "Bearing Capacity of Jointed Rock," Ph.D. Testing and Materials, West Conshohocken, Pa., 2000. thesis, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Ga., Amir, J.M., Piling in Rock, Balkema, Rotterdam, The 1968. Netherlands, 1986. Bloomquist, D. and F.C. Townsend, "Development of In Situ Ashour, M., G. Norris, and P. Pilling, "Lateral Loading of a Equipment for Capacity Determinations of Deep Founda- Pile in Layered Soil Using the Strain Wedge Model," tions in Florida Limestones," Report to Florida Depart- Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engi- ment of Transportation, University of Florida, Gainesville, neering, Vol. 124, No. 4, 1998, pp. 303315. 1991. Bridge Design Aids, Massachusetts Highway Department, Ashour, M. and G. Norris, "Modeling Lateral Soil-Pile Re- Boston, 1990. sponse Based on Soil-Pile Interaction," Journal of Geo- Broms, B.B., "Lateral Resistance of Piles in Cohesive Soils," technical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, Vol. 126, Journal of the Soil Mechanics and Foundations Division, No. 5, 2000, pp. 420428. Vol. 90, No. SM2, 1964a, pp. 2763. Ashour, M., G. Norris, S. Bowman, H. Beeston, P. Pilling, Broms, B.B., "Lateral Resistance of Piles in Cohesionless and A. Shamabadi, "Modeling Pile Lateral Response in Soils," Journal of the Soil Mechanics and Foundations Weathered Rock," Proceedings, Symposium on Engi- Division, Vol. 90, No. SM3, 1964b, pp. 123156. neering Geology & Geotechnical Engineering, Univer- Brown, D.A., "Construction and Design of Drilled Shafts in sity of Nevada, Las Vegas, 2001, pp. 639649. Hard Pinnacled Limestones," Transportation Research Barker, R.M., J.M. Duncan, K.B. Rojiani, P.S.K. Ooi, C.K. Record 1277, Transportation Research Board, National Tan, and S.G. Kim, NCHRP Report 343: Manuals for the Research Council, Washington, D.C., 1990, pp. Design of Bridge Foundations, Transportation Research 148152. Board, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., Brown, D.A., "Evaluation of Static Capacity of Deep Foun- 1991, 308 pp. dations from Statnamic Testing," Geotechnical Testing Barton, N., "Review of a New Shear Strength Criterion for Journal, Vol. 17, No. 4, 1994, pp. 404414. Rock Joints," Engineering Geology, Vol. 7, 1973, pp. Brown, D.A., "Load Testing for Drilled Shaft Foundations," 287332. Lecture Notes, Faculty Workshop 2000, International Barton, N., R. Lien, and J. Lunde, "Engineering Classifi- Association of Foundation Drilling, Dallas, Tex., 2000. cation of Rock Masses for the Design of Tunnel Sup- Brown, D.A., "Zen and the Art of Drilled Shaft Construction: port," Rock Mechanics, Vol. 6, No. 4, 1974, pp. The Pursuit of Quality," Geotechnical Special Publica- 183236. tion No. 124: Geo-Support 2004, J.P. Turner and P.W. "Basic Geotechnical Description of Rock Masses," Interna- Mayne, Eds., 2004, pp. 1933. tional Journal Rock Mechanics, Mineral Science and Geo- Brown, D.A., S.A. Hidden, and S. Zhang, "Determination of mechanics Abstracts, Vol. 18, No. 1, 1981, pp. 85110. p-y Curves Using Inclinometer Data," Geotechnical Test- Bedian, M.P., "Value Engineering During Construction," ing Journal, Vol. 17, No. 2, 1994, pp. 150158. Geotechnical Special Publication No. 124: Geo-Support Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete, 2004, 2004, pp. 5269. ACI318-94, American Concrete Institute, Farmington Bermingham, P., C.D. Ealy, and J.K. White, "A Comparison Hills, Mich., 1985. of Statnamic and Static Field Tests at Seven FHWA Bukovansky, M., "Determination of Elastic Properties of Sites," Proceedings, Fifth International Deep Founda- Rocks Using Various Onsite and Laboratory Methods,"

OCR for page 103
105 Proceedings, 2nd Congress of the International Society of U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station, Rock Mechanics, Belgrade, Yugoslavia, Vol. 1, 1970, pp. Vicksburg, Miss., 1989. 329332. DiMaggio, J.A., "Developments in Deep Foundation High- Butterfield, R. and P.K. Banerjee, "The Elastic Analysis of way Practice--The Last Quarter Century," Foundation Compressible Piles and Pile Groups," Geotechnique, Vol. Drilling, Vol. 24, No. 2, International Association of 21, No. 1, 1971, pp. 4360. Foundation Drilling, Dallas, Tex., 2004, pp. 1630. Byles, R., "AGRA Foundations and Seacore Combine to DiMillio, A.F., "A Quarter Century of Geotechnical Strengthen Major US Bridge," Foundation Drilling, Vol. Research," Report FHWA-RD-98-13X, Federal Highway 25, No. 7, International Association of Foundation Administration, Washington, D.C., 1998, 160 pp. Drilling, Dallas, Tex., 2004, pp. 1013. Donald, I.B., S.W. Sloan, and H.K. Chiu, "Theoretical Caltrans, Sacramento, Calif., 2005 [Online]. Available: Analyses of Rock Socketed Piles," Proceedings, Interna- http://www.dot.ca.gov/hq/esc/geotech/gg/atv_log.htm tional Conference on Structural Foundations on Rock, [June 2005]. Vol. 1, Sydney, Australia, 1980, pp. 303316. Canadian Foundation Engineering Manual, 2nd ed., Dunscomb, M.H. and E. Rehwoldt, "Two-Dimensional Pro- Canadian Geotechnical Society, Ottawa, Canada, 1985, filing: Geophysical Weapon of Choice in Karst Terrain 456 pp. for Engineering Applications," Hydrogeology and Engi- Carter, J.P. and F.H. Kulhawy, "Analysis and Design of neering Geology of Sinkholes and Karst--Proceedings of Drilled Shaft Foundations Socketed into Rock," Report the Seventh Multidisciplinary Conference on Sinkholes EL-5918, Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto, and the Engineering and Environmental Impacts of Karst, Calif., 1988, 188 pp. Hershey, Pa., 1999, pp. 219224. Carter, J.P. and F.H. Kulhawy, "Analysis of Laterally Eliassen, T., D. Richter, H. Crow, P. Ingraham, and T. Carter, Loaded Shafts in Rock," Journal of Geotechnical Engi- "Use of Optical Televiewer and Acoustical Televiewer neering, Vol. 118, No. 6, 1992, pp. 839855. Logging Methods in Lieu of Oriented Coring Methods," Cavusoglu, E., M.S. Nam, M.W. O'Neill, and M. McClel- Preprint, TRB Workshop on Geotechnical Methods land, "Multi-Method Strength Characterization for Soft Revisited, Kansas City, Mo., Sep. 7, 2004, 2005. Cretaceous Rocks in Texas," Geotechnical Special El Naggar, M.H. and M.J.V. Baldinelli, "Interpretation of Publication No. 124: Geo-Support 2004, J.P. Turner and Axial Statnamic Load Test Using an Automatic Signal P.W. Mayne, Eds., 2004, pp. 199210. Matching Technique," Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Cokceoglu, C., H. Sonmez, and A. Kayabasi, "Predicting the Vol. 37, 2000, pp. 927942. Deformation Moduli of Rock Masses," International Engineering Manual EM 1110-1-2908, Rock Foundations, Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences, Vol. 40, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Washington, D.C., 1994. 2003, pp. 701710. Fleming, W.G.K., A.J. Weltman, M.F. Randolph, and W.K. Coon, R.F. and A.T. Merritt, "Predicting In Situ Modulus of Elson, Piling Engineering, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New Deformation Using Rock Quality," Special Technical York, N.Y., 1992. Publication No. 477, American Society for Testing and Frantzen, J. and W.F. Stratton, Final Report--p-y Curve Materials (ASTM), Philadelphia, Pa., 1969. Data for Laterally Loaded Piles in Shale and Sandstone, Crapps, D.K., "Design, Construction, and Inspection of Report FHWA-KS-87-2, Kansas Department of Trans- Drilled Shafts in Limerock and Limestone," Proceedings, portation, Topeka, 1987. 35th Annual Geotechnical Conference, ASCE/AEG, Uni- Gabr, M.A. and R.H. Borden, "LTBASE: A Computer Pro- versity of Kansas, Lawrence, 1986, 38 pp. gram for the Analysis of Laterally Loaded Piers Crapps, D.K., "Proposed Improvements for Drilled Shaft Including Base and Slope Effects," Transportation Design in Rock," Prepared for the Florida Department of Research Record 1169, Transportation Research Board, Transportation by Schmertmann & Crapps, Inc., National Research Council, Washington, D.C., 1988, Gainesville, Fla., 2001, 37 pp. pp. 8393. Crapps, D.K. and J.H. Schmertmann, "Compression Top Gabr, M.A., R.H. Borden, K.H. Cho, S. Clark, and J.B. Nixon, Load Reaching Shaft Bottom--Theory Versus Tests," P-y Curves for Laterally Loaded Drilled Shafts Embedded Proceedings, International Deep Foundations Congress, in Weathered Rock, Report FHWA/NC/2002/08, North Orlando, Fla., Feb. 1416, 2002. Carolina State University, Raleigh, 2002, 289 pp. Davisson, M.T., "Lateral Load Capacity of Piles," Highway Gardner, W.S., "Design of Drilled Piers in the Atlantic Research Record 333, Highway Research Board, Piedmont," Geotechnical Special Publication No. 9: National Research Council, Washington, D.C., 1970, pp. Foundations and Excavations in Decomposed Rock of the 104112. Piedmont Province, 1987, pp. 6286. Deere, D.U., "Technical Description of Rock Cores for "Geophysical Exploration for Engineering and Environmen- Engineering Purposes," Rock Mechanics and Engineer- tal Investigations," Engineering Manual EM 1110-1-1802, ing Geology, Vol. 1, No. 1, 1964, pp. 1722. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Washington, D.C., 1995. Deere, D.U. and D.W. Deere, Rock Quality Designation Georgiadis, M. and A.P. Michalopoulos, "Dilatometer Tests (RQD) After Twenty Years, Contract Report GL-89-1, for the Design of Grouted Piles in Rock," Proceedings, In

OCR for page 103
106 Situ '86, Use of In Situ Tests in Geotechnical Engineer- Detailed Guidelines, Report EL-5915, Electric Power ing, Blacksburg, Va., 1986, pp. 560568. Research Institute, Palo Alto, Calif., 1988, 374 pp. Geotechnical Design Manual, Washington State Department Hoek, E. and E.T. Brown, "Empirical Strength Criterion for of Transportation, Olympia, 2005 [Online]. Available: Rock Masses," Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, http://www.wsdot.wa.gov/fasc/EngineeringPublications/ Vol. 106, No. GT9, 1980, pp. 10131035. Manuals/2005GDM/GDM.htm [Oct. 2005]. Hoek, E. and E.T. Brown, "Practical Estimates of Rock Mass "Geotechnical Investigations," Engineering Manual EM Strength," International Journal of Rock Mechanics and 1110-1-1804, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Washington, Mineral Science, Vol. 34, No. 8, 1997, pp. 11651180. D.C., 2001. Hoek, E. and E.T. Brown, "The HoekBrown Failure Geotechnical Manual, Texas Department of Transportation, Criterion--A 1988 Update," Rock Engineering for Under- Austin, 2000 [Online]. Available: http://manuals.dot.state. ground Excavations, Proceedings 15th Canadian Rock tx.us/dynaweb/colbridg/geo [June 2005]. Mechanics Symposium, Toronto, ON, Canada, 1988, Goodman, R.E., Methods of Geological Engineering in Dis- pp. 3138. continuous Rock, West Publishing Company, St. Paul, Hoek, E., P.K. Kaiser, and W.F. Bawden, Support of Under- Minn., 1976. ground Excavations in Hard Rock, A.A. Balkema, Rot- Goodman, R.E., Introduction to Rock Mechanics, John Wiley terdam, The Netherlands, 1995, 215 pp. & Sons, New York, N.Y., 1980, 478 pp. Hoek, E., C. Carranza-Torres, and B. Corkum, "HoekBrown Goodman, R.E. and G.-H. Shi, Block Theory and Its Appli- Failure Criterion--2002 Edition," Proceedings, North cation to Rock Engineering, PrenticeHall, Englewood American Rock Mechanics Society Meeting, July 810, Cliffs, N.J., 338 pp. 1985. 2002, Toronto, ON, Canada. Greer, D.M. and W.S. Gardner, Construction of Drilled Pier Hoit, M., C. Hays, and M.C. McVay, "The Florida Pier Foundations, John Wiley & Sons, New York, N.Y., 1986, Analysis Program--Methods and Models for Pier Analy- 246 pp. sis and Design," Transportation Research Record 1569, Gunnink, B. and C. Kiehne, "Capacity of Drilled Shafts in Transportation Research Board, National Research Burlington Limestone," Journal of Geotechnical and Council, Washington, D.C., 1997, pp. 18. Geoenvironmental Engineering, Vol. 128, No. 7, 2002, Horvath, R.G., "Field Load Test Data on Concrete-to-Rock pp. 539545. Bond Strength for Drilled Pier Foundations," Department Harris, D.E. and P.W. Mayne, "Axial Compression Behav- of Civil Engineering, University of Toronto Publication ior of Two Drilled Shafts in Piedmont Residual Soils," 78/07, ON, Canada, 1978. Proceedings, International Conference on Design and Horvath, R.G., "Drilled Piers Socketed into Weak Rock-- Construction of Deep Foundations, Vol. 2, Orlando, Fla., Methods of Improving Performance," Ph.D. thesis, 1994, pp. 352367. Department of Civil Engineering, University of Toronto, Hassan, K.M. and M.W. O'Neill, "Side Load-Transfer ON, Canada, 1982. Mechanisms in Drilled Shafts in Soft Argillaceous Rock," Horvath, R.G. and T.C. Kenney, "Shaft Resistance of Rock Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engi- Socketed Drilled Piers," Proceedings, Symposium on neering, Vol. 123, No. 2, 1997, pp. 145152. Deep Foundations, ASCE, New York, N.Y., 1979, pp. Hassan, K.M., M.W. O'Neill, S.A. Sheikh, and C.D. Ealy, 182214. "Design Method for Drilled Shafts in Soft Argillaceous Horvath, R.G., T.C. Kenney, and P. Kozicki, "Methods of Rock," Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Improving the Performance of Drilled Piers in Weak Engineering, Vol. 123, No. 3, 1997, pp. 272280. Rock," Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 20, 1983, Hetenyi, M., Beams on Elastic Foundation, The University pp. 758772. of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, Mich., 1946. Horvath, R.G., P. Bermingham, and P. Middendorp, "The Heuze, F.E., "Scale Effects in the Determination of Rock Equilibrium Point Method of Analysis for Statnamic Load- Mass Strength and Deformability," Journal of Rock ing Test with Supporting Case Histories," Proceedings, Mechanics, Vol. 12, No. 34, 1980, pp. 167192. Deep Foundations Conference, Pittsburgh, Pa., 1993. Heuze, F.E., "Suggested Method for Estimating the In-Situ Hussein, M., B. Robinson, and G. Likens, "Application of a Modulus of Deformation of Rock Using the NX-Borehole Simplified Dynamic Load Testing Method for Cast-in- Jack," Geotechnical Testing Journal, Vol. 7, No. 4, 1984, Place Piles," Geotechnical Special Publication No. 124, pp. 205210. Geo-Support 2004, 2004, pp. 110121. Hiltunen, D.R. and M.J.S. Roth, "Investigation of Bridge Johnston, I.W., T.S.K. Lam, and A.F. Williams, "Constant Foundation Sites in Karst Terrane Via Multi-Electrode Normal Stiffness Direct Shear Testing for Socketed Pile Resistivity," Proceedings, Geotechnical and Geophysical Design in Weak Rock," Geotechnique, Vol. 37, No. 1, Site Characterization, A.V. da Fonseca and P.W. Mayne, 1987, pp. 8389. Eds., Millpress Science Publishers, Rotterdam, The Johnston, I.W. and T.S.K. Lam, "Shear Behavior of Regular Netherlands, 2004, pp. 483490. Triangular Concrete/Rock JointsAnalysis," Journal of Hirany, A. and F.H. Kulhawy, Conduct and Interpretation of Geotechnical Engineering, Vol. 115, No. 5, 1989, pp. Load Tests on Drilled Shaft Foundations, Volume 1: 711727.

OCR for page 103
107 Knott, D.L., L.F. Rojas-Gonzales, and F.B. Newman, Cur- LRFD Bridge Design Specifications, 3rd ed., American rent Foundation Engineering Practice for Structures in Association of State Highway and Transportation Offi- Karst Areas, Report FHWA-PA-91-007+90-12, Federal cials, Washington, D.C., 2004. Highway Administration and Pennsylvania Department LRFD Bridge Design Specifications, 2006 Interim, Section of Transportation, Harrisburg, Pa., 1993. 10, Foundations, American Association of State Highway Koutsoftas, D.C., "Caisson Socketed in Sound Mica Schist," and Transportation Officials, Washington, D.C., 2005. Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, Vol. 107, No. GT6, Manual on Subsurface Investigations, American Association 1981, pp. 743757. of State Highway and Transportation Officials, Washing- Kulhawy, F.H., "Geomechanical Model for Rock Founda- ton, D.C., 1988. tion Settlement," Journal of the Geotechnical Engineer- Marinos, P. and E. Hoek, "GSI: A Geologically Friendly ing Division, Vol. 104, No. GT2, 1978, pp. 211227. Tool for Rock Mass Strength Estimation," Proceedings, Kulhawy, F.H. and J.P. Carter, "Settlement and Bearing Geo-Engineering 2000, International Conference on Capacity of Foundations on Rock Masses," In Engineering Geotechnical and Geological Engineering, Melbourne, in Rock Masses, F.G. Bell, Ed., ButterworthHeinemann, Australia, 2000, pp. 14221440. Oxford, England, 1992a, pp. 231245. Matlock, H., "Correlations for Design of Laterally Loaded Kulhawy, F.H. and J.P. Carter, "Socketed Foundations in Piles in Soft Clay," Proceedings, 2nd Offshore Technol- Rock Masses," In Engineering in Rock Masses, F.G. Bell, ogy Conference, Vol. 1, 1970, pp. 577594. Ed., ButterworthHeinemann, Oxford, England, 1992b, Mattes, N.S. and H.G. Poulos, "Settlement of Single Com- pp. 509529. pressible Pile," Journal of the Soil Mechanics and Founda- Kulhawy, F.H. and R.E. Goodman, "Design of Foundations tions Division, Vol. 95, No. SM1, 1969, pp. 189207. on Discontinuous Rock," Proceedings, International Mayne, P.W., B. Christopher, R. Berg, and J. DeJong, Conference on Structural Foundations on Rock, Vol. 1, Manual on Subsurface Investigations, Report FHWA Sydney, Australia, 1980, pp. 209220. NHI-01-031, National Highway Institute, Federal Kulhawy, F.H., C.H. Trautmann, and T.D. O'Rourke, "The Highway Administration, Washington, D.C., 2001, 301 Soil-Rock Boundary: What Is It and Where Is It?" Geo- pp. technical Special Publication No. 28: Detection of and McVay, M.C., F.C. Townsend, and R.C. Williams, "Design Construction at the Soil/Rock Interface, 1991, pp. 115. of Socketed Drilled Shafts in Limestone," Journal of Kulhawy, F.H. and K.-K. Phoon, "Drilled Shaft Side Resis- Geotechnical Engineering, Vol. 118, No. 10, 1992, tance in Clay Soil to Rock," Geotechnical Special pp. 12261237. Publication No. 38: Design and Performance of Deep McVay, M.C. and L. Niraula, "Development of P-Y Curves Foundations, 1993, pp. 172183. for Large Diameter Piles/Drilled Shafts in Limestone for Kulhawy, F.H. and W.A. Prakoso, "Discussion of `End Bear- FBPIER," Final Report to Florida Department of Trans- ing Capacity of Drilled Shafts in Rock,'" Journal of portation, Tallahassee, 2004, 158 pp. Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, Vol. Mullins, G., C.L. Lewis, and M.D. Justason, "Advancements 125, No. 12, 1998, pp. 11061109. in Statnamic Data Regression Techniques," Geotechnical Kulhawy, F.H., W.A. Prakoso, and S.O. Akbas, "Evaluation Special Publication No. 116: Deep Foundations 2002: An of Capacity of Rock Foundation Sockets," Alaska Rocks International Perspective on Theory, Design, Construc- 2005, Proceedings, 40th U.S. Symposium on Rock tion, and Performance, Vol. 2, 2002, pp. 915930. Mechanics, G. Chen, S. Huang, W. Zhou, and J. Tinucci, Mullins, G., D. Winters, and S. Dapp, "Predicting End Eds., Anchorage, Alaska, June 2005, 8 pp. (CD-ROM). Bearing Capacity of Post-Grouted Drilled Shaft in Cohe- Ladanyi, B., "Friction and End Bearing Tests on Bedrock sionless Soils," Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenviron- for High Capacity Rock Socket Design: Discussion," Cana- mental Engineering, Vol. 132, No. 5, 2006, pp. 478487. dian Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 14, 1977, pp. 153155. Murphy, W.L., "Geotechnical Descriptions of Rock and LaFronz, N.J., D.E. Peterson, R.D. Turton, and S. Anderson, Rock Masses," Technical Report GL-85-3, U.S. Army "Geologic Characterization for Bridge Foundations, Col- Corps of Engineers Waterways Experiment Station, orado River Bridge, Hoover Dam Bypass Project," 54th Vicksburg, Miss., 1985. Highway Geology Symposium, Burlington, Vt., 2003. O'Neill, M.W., F.C. Townsend, K.H. Hassan, A. Buller, and Lai, P., "Determination of Design Skin Friction for Drilled P.S. Chan, Load Transfer for Drilled Shafts in Intermedi- Shafts Socketed in the Florida Limestone," Notes of ate Geomaterials, Report FHWA-RD-95-171, Federal Florida DOT Design Conference, Florida Department of Highway Administration, McLean, Va., 1996, 184 pp. Transportation, Tallahassee, 1998, pp. 140146. O'Neill, M.W., D.A. Brown, F.C. Townsend, and N. Abar, Littlechild, B.D., S.J. Hill, I. Statham, G.D. Plumbridge, and "Innovative Load Testing of Deep Foundations," Trans- S.C. Lee, "Determination of Rock Mass Modulus for portation Research Record 1569, Transportation Foundation Design," Geotechnical Special Publication Research Board, National Research Council, Washing- No. 97: Innovations and Applications in Geotechnical ton, D.C., 1997, pp. 1725. Site Characterization, P.W. Mayne and R. Hryciw, Eds., O'Neill, M.W. and L.C. Reese, Drilled Shafts: Construction 2000, pp. 213228. Procedures and Design Methods, Report FHWA-IF-99-

OCR for page 103
108 025, Federal Highway Administration, Washington, Reese, L.C., "Analysis of Laterally Loaded Piles in Weak D.C., 1999, 758 pp. Rock," Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Ooi, L.H. and J.P. Carter, "Direct Shear Behavior of Con- Engineering, Vol. 123, No. 11, 1997, pp. 10101017. creteSandstone Interfaces," Proceedings, 6th Interna- Reese, L.C. and R.C. Welch, "Lateral Loading of Deep tional Conference on Rock Mechanics, Montreal, ON, Foundations in Stiff Clay," Journal of the Geotechnical Canada, 1987, pp. 467470. Engineering Division, Vol. 101, No. 7, 1975, pp. Osterberg, J.O., The Osterberg Cell for Load Testing Drilled 633649. Shafts and Driven Piles: Final Report, Report FHWA- Rocha, M., A. Silveirio, F.P. Rodrigues, A. Silverio, and A. SA-94-035, Federal Highway Administration, Washing- Ferreira, "Characterization of the Deformability of Rock ton, D.C., 1995, 92 pp. Masses by Dilatometer Tests," Proceedings, 2nd Con- Osterberg, J.O. and S.A. Gill, "Load Transfer Mechanism for gress of the International Society of Rock Mechanics, Piers Socketed in Hard Soils or Rock," Proceedings, 9th Belgrade, Yugoslavia, Vol. 1, 1970, pp. 509516. Canadian Symposium on Rock Mechanics, Montreal, ON, Rock Slopes: Design, Excavation, Stabilization, Circular Canada, 1973, pp. 235262. FHWA-TS-89-045, Federal Highway Administration, Paikowsky, S.G., et al., NCHRP Report 507: Load and Washington, D.C., 1989. Resistance Factor Design (LRFD) for Deep Foundations, Rock Testing Handbook, Technical Information Center, U.S. Transportation Research Board, National Research Coun- Army Corps of Engineers Waterways Experiment Sta- cil, Washington, D.C., 2004a, 85 pp. tion, Vicksburg, Miss., 1993. Paikowsky, S.G., et al., Innovative Load Testing Systems, Rosenburg, P. and N.L. Journeaux, "Friction and End Bear- Draft Final Report NCHRP 21-08, Transportation ing Tests on Bedrock for High Capacity Socket Design," Research Board, National Research Council, Washing- Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 13, 1976, pp. ton, D.C., 2004b. 324333. Paikowsky, S.G., I. Klar, and L.R. Chernauskas, "Perfor- Rowe, R.K. and H.H. Armitage, "The Design of Piles Sock- mance Evaluation of Continuous Flight Auger (CFA) vs. eted into Weak Rock," Report GEOT-11-84, University Bentonite Slurry Drilled Shafts Utilizing Drop Weight of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada, 1984, 365 pp. Testing," Geotechnical Special Publication No. 124: Rowe, R.K. and H.H. Armitage, "Theoretical Solutions for Geo-Support 2004, J.P. Turner and P.W. Mayne, Eds., Axial Deformation of Drilled Shafts in Rock," Canadian 2004c, pp. 637652. Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 24, 1987a, pp. 114125. Pells, P.J.N. and R.M. Turner, "Elastic Solutions for the Rowe, R.K. and H.H. Armitage, "A Design Method for Design and Analysis of Rock-Socketed Piles," Canadian Drilled Piers in Soft Rock," Canadian Geotechnical Jour- Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 16, 1979, pp. 481487. nal, Vol. 24, 1987b, pp. 126142. Pells, P.J.N., R.K. Rowe, and R.M. Turner, "An Experimen- Rowe, R.K. and P.J.N. Pells, "A Theoretical Study of Pile- tal Investigation into Side Shear for Socketed Piles in Sandstone," Proceedings, International Conference on Rock Socket Behaviour," Proceedings, International Structural Foundations on Rock, Vol. 1, Sydney, Aus- Conference on Structural Foundations on Rock, Vol. 1, tralia, 1980, pp. 291302. Sydney, Australia, 1980, pp. 253264. Poulos, H.G., "Behavior of Laterally Loaded Piles: I-Single Sabatini, P.J., R.C. Bachus, P.W. Mayne, J.A. Schneider, and Piles," Journal of the Soil Mechanics and Foundations T.E. Zettler, "Evaluation of Soil and Rock Properties," Division, Vol. 97, No. SM5, 1971, pp. 711731. Geotechnical Engineering Circular No. 5, Federal High- Poulos, H.G., "Behavior of Laterally Loaded Piles: III- way Administration, Washington, D.C., 2002, 385 pp. Socketed Piles," Journal of the Soil Mechanics and Foun- Schmertmann, J.H., J.A. Hayes, T. Molnit, and J.O. Oster- dations Division, Vol. 98, No. SM4, 1972, pp. 341360. berg, "O-Cell Testing Case Histories Demonstrate the Radbruch-Hall, D.H., K. Edwards, and R.H. Batson, "Ex- Importance of Bored Pile (Drilled Shaft) Construction perimental EngineeringGeologic and Environmental Technique," Proceedings, Fourth International Confer- Geologic Maps of the Conterminous United States," U.S. ence on Case Histories in Geotechnical Engineering, Geological Survey Bulletin 1610, U.S. Government Print- St. Louis, Mo., 1998, pp. 11031115. ing Office, Washington, D.C., 1987, 7 pp. Schwartz, S.A., "Drilled Piers in the Piedmont--Minimizing Randolph, M.F., "The Response of Flexible Piles to Lateral ContractorEngineerOwner Conflicts," Geotechnical Loading," Geotechnique, Vol. 31, No. 2, 1981, pp. Special Publication No. 9: Foundations and Excavations 247259. in Decomposed Rock of the Piedmont Province, ASCE, Randolph, M.F. and C.P. Wroth, "Analysis and Deformation New York, N.Y., 1987, pp. 87102. of Vertically Loaded Piles," Journal of the Geotechnical Seidel, J.P. and C.M. Haberfield, "A New Approach to the Engineering Division, Vol. 104, No. GT12, 1978, pp. Prediction of Drilled Pier Performance in Rock," Pro- 14651488. ceedings, International Conference on Design and Reese, L.C., Handbook on Design of Piles and Drilled Shafts Construction of Deep Foundations, Vol. 2, Orlando, Fla., Under Lateral Loading, Report FHWA-IP-84-11, Federal Federal Highway Administration, Washington, D.C., Highway Administration, Washington, D.C., 1984, 386 pp. 1994, pp. 556570.

OCR for page 103
109 Seidel, J.P. and B. Collingwood, "A New Socket Roughness poses," USGS Professional Paper 837, U.S. Government Factor for Prediction of Rock Socket Shaft Resistance," Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 1974. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 38, 2001, pp. Verruijt, A. and A.P. Kooijman, "Laterally Loaded Piles in a 138153. Layered Elastic Medium," Geotechnique, Vol. 39, No. 1, Serafim, J.L. and J.P. Pereira, "Considerations of the Geo- 1989, pp. 3946. mechanics Classification of Bieniawski," Proceedings, Vesic, A.S., NCHRP Synthesis 42: Design of Pile Founda- International Symposium on Engineering Geology and tions, Transportation Research Board, National Research Underground Construction, Lisbon, Portugal, 1983, pp. Council, Washington, D.C., 1977, 68 pp. 11331144. Viskne, A., Evaluation of In Situ Shear Wave Velocity Mea- Sirles, P.C., NCHRP Synthesis 357: Use of Geophysics for surement Techniques, REC-ERC-76-6, Division of De- Transportation Projects, Transportation Research sign, Engineering and Research Center, U.S. Dept. of the Board, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., Interior, Bureau of Reclamation, Denver, Colo., 1976. 2006, 108 pp. Wang, S.-T. and L.C. Reese, "Analysis of Piles Under Lat- Sowers, G.G., "Foundation Bearing in Weathered Rock," eral Load--Computer Program COM624P for the Micro- Rock Engineering for Foundations and Slopes, ASCE, computer," Report FHWA-SA-91-002, Federal Highway New York, N.Y., 1976, pp. 3242. Administration, Washington, D.C., 1991, 229 pp. Sowers, G.F., Introductory Soil Mechanics and Foundations, Williams, A.F., I.W. Johnston, and I.B. Donald, "The Design 4th ed., Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc., New York, N.Y., of Sockets in Weak Rock," Proceedings, International 1979, 621 pp. Conference on Structural Foundations on Rock, Vol. 1, Sowers, G.F., "Correction and Protection in Limestone Ter- Sydney, Australia, 1980, pp. 327347. rain," Proceedings, First Multi-Disciplinary Conference Williams, A.F. and P.J.N. Pells, "Side Resistance Rock on Sinkholes, B. Peck, Ed., Balkema, Rotterdam, The Sockets in Sandstone, Mudstone, and Shale," Canadian Netherlands, 1994, pp. 373378. Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 18, 1981, pp. 502513. Standard Specifications for Highway Bridges, 16th ed., Williams, R., D. Burnett, and J. Savidge, "Participant Work- American Association of State Highway and Transporta- book--Drilled Shaft Foundation Inspection," Publication tion Officials, Washington, D.C., 1996. FHWA NHI-03-018, U.S. Federal Highway Administra- Standard Specifications for Transportation Materials and tion, Washington, D.C., 2002, 776 pp. Methods of Sampling and Testing, Part II, Tests, Ameri- Wyllie, D.C., Foundations on Rock, 2nd ed., E&FN Spon, can Association of State Highway and Transportation Of- New York, N.Y., 1999, 401 pp. ficials, Washington, D.C., 1992. Wyllie, D.C. and N.I. Norrish, "Rock Strength Properties and Sun, K., "Laterally Loaded Piles in Elastic Media," Journal Their Measurement," In TRB Special Report 247: Land- of Geotechnical Engineering, Vol. 120, No. 8, 1994, pp. 13241344. slides--Investigation and Mitigation, A.K. Turner and L.R. Tang, Q., E.C. Drumm, and R.M. Bennett, "Response of Shuster, Eds., Transportation Research Board, National Drilled Shaft Foundations in Karst During Construction Research Council, Washington, D.C., 1996, pp. 372390. Loading," Proceedings, International Conference on Yang, K., "Analysis of Laterally Loaded Drilled Shafts in Design and Construction of Deep Foundations, Vol. 3, Rock," Ph.D. dissertation, University of Akron, Akron, Orlando, Fla., Federal Highway Administration, Wash- Ohio, 2006, 291 pp. ington, D.C., 1994, pp. 12961309. Yang, M.Z., M.Z. Islam, E.C. Drumm, and G. Zuo, "Side Technical Manual for LPILEPLUS 5.0 for Windows, Ensoft, Resistance of Drilled Shaft Socketed into Wissahickon Inc., Austin, Tex., 2004. Mica Schist," Geotechnical Special Publication No. 124: Terzaghi, R., "Sources of Error in Joint Surveys," Geotech- Geo-Support 2004, J.P. Turner and P.W. Mayne, Eds., nique, Vol. 15, 1965, p. 287. 2004, pp. 765777. To, A.C., H. Ernst, and H.H. Einstein, "Lateral Load Capac- Zhan, C. and J.-H. Yin, "Field Static Load Tests on Drilled ity of Drilled Shafts in Jointed Rock," Journal of Geo- Shaft Founded on or Socketed into Rock," Canadian Geo- technical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, Vol. 129, technical Journal, Vol. 37, 2000, pp. 12831294. No. 8, 2003, pp. 711726. Zhang, L. and H.H. Einstein, "End Bearing Capacity of Turner, J.P., E. Sandberg, and N.N.S. Chou, "Side Resis- Drilled Shafts in Rock," Journal of Geotechnical and tance of Drilled Shafts in the Denver and Pierre Forma- Geoenvironmental Engineering, Vol. 124, No. 7, 1998, tions," Geotechnical Special Publication No. 38: Design pp. 574584. and Performance of Deep Foundations, 1993, pp. Zhang, L., H. Ernst, and H.H. Einstein, "Nonlinear Analysis 245259. of Laterally Loaded Rock-Socketed Shafts," Journal of Varnes, D.J., "The Logic of Geologic Maps, with Reference Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, Vol. to Their Interpretation and Use for Engineering Pur- 126, No. 11, 2000, pp. 955968.