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77 specific acquisition. Two selection officials may not necessar- projects. The research has further shown that to be success- ily come to the same conclusion, but both must satisfy the fol- ful, the selection of appropriate best-value projects is essen- lowing criteria: tial. There will be those projects that should not be procured using a best-value contract, and they should remain in the Represent the selection official's rational and independent procurement realm defined by the lowest responsive bid. judgment, Thus, the coupling of the best-value project screening and Be based on a comparative analysis of the proposal, and selection tool to the best-value procurement system using the Be consistent with the solicitation evaluation factors and parameters, evaluation criteria, rating/scoring system, and subfactors. award algorithm is both logical and essential to the successful implementation of best-value contracting for highway con- struction projects.Agencies should also be open to use of adjec- 3.8 Summary tival rating systems, based on recommendations from federal The research team has developed practical criteria and agencies that the best results are achieved with such a system. processes for implementing best-value procurement for con- Finally, the report recommends strategies to implement struction. The approach is to furnish a limited suite of possi- best-value procurement. These include legislative and regula- bilities that allows each agency to select the parts that best fit tory guidelines, a graduated approach to implementation, its individual needs and legislative constraints. Additionally, suggested ways to collaborate with industry, suggested sam- each project is unique and a given agency may want to use ple training tools, case studies of pilot projects, and a model different best-value contracting systems for different kinds of specification.