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36 CHAPTER SEVEN USE AND APPLICATION OF GUIDELINES TO INCORPORATE BUS TRANSIT SERVICE INTO NEW DEVELOPMENTS One section of the transit agency survey conducted for this pedestrian paths. A suggested table of contents for transit synthesis focused on the use of transit agency development agency development guidelines is presented here. guidelines. Transit agency development guidelines provide a handbook of information on the material needs of transit in Table of Contents the physical environment. The survey probed for the contents Message from Board of Directors of existing guidelines and copies of existing documents were requested. The purpose of this research was to determine if Introduction the existence of such guidelines is a helpful tool for transit Purpose operators when incorporating bus transit service into land Guiding principles developments. Of the 32 transit agencies responding to the survey, 9 (28%) had developed guidelines and 4 (13%) were Specifications for Transit Equipment and Facilities in the process of developing guidelines. Appendix C pro- Vehicle dimensions/weight vides a list of the transit agencies that provided transit agency Vehicle turning radius development guidelines. For those agencies that provide Bus stop location/spacing their guidelines on-line, links to those websites are provided. Bus stop pavement Bus stop size The guidelines provided by the respondents covered a wide Bus stop identification range of publications. The city of Madison's (Wisconsin) Bus stop pads Development Guide is a guide to the land use and construction Bus stop amenities approval process. This document is not a transit agency devel- Special requirements for terminals/turnarounds opment guideline, but it does provide a clear description of the Information displays land development process in Madison. Because transit agencies Land Use Requirements may find it an interesting and educational piece, it is listed in Land use types Appendix C and is available on-line (http://www.cityofmadi Density Some guidelines, such Street pattern as Cleveland's Transit Waiting Environments (http://www. Lane width Intersection radii shortpdf), and Portland's Bus Stop Guidelines are primarily Curb height/curb cuts dedicated to the improvement of bus stops. Others, such as Pedestrian access and pathways VTA's Community Design and Transportation, is one of a mul- Pedestrian amenities tivolume set that incorporates a myriad of issues than can affect Lighting transit and land development. All of the documents reflect the Parking design/management issues and concerns that predominate in their community. Building orientation Building architecture The guidelines also vary in scale and in topical content. Landscaping Some agencies provided documents of only a few pages, whereas others, such as VTA, provided multiple volumes. All References the guidelines reviewed for this paper included technical Appendices specifications for bus vehicle dimensions, bus stop length, and ADA requirements. Most included the physical attributes and Acknowledgments specifications for bus stop spacing, bus stop pavements, stop placement, shelter size, turnarounds, and turning radii. Approximately half of the guidelines included recommenda- PURPOSE AND USE OF GUIDELINES tions on the characteristics of land developments such as site design, land use, streets, sidewalks, open space, building Respondents to the survey provided a brief summary describ- design, parking, pedestrian amenities, bicycle amenities, ing the purpose of their guidelines. A typical response to this security, landscaping, ADA elements, and directness of question was to "Provide specific design guidance to devel-