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6 representing various aspects of implementation measures. to it. Transit agency staffs intuitively understand that bus Listed here are the four chapters and a sampling of the topics transit adds value to a development. However, it is often the included in each chapter. case that developers and local government officials do not understand the transit/land development relationship, or do Chapter 1: Transit- and Pedestrian-Friendly Site Design not believe that transit can be beneficial. Pedestrian and bicycle pathways Building orientation and setback Measurements of success are necessary to convince devel- Transit stops, shelters, and benches opers and local governments that integrating transit into new Landscaping and open spaces. land developments has value. Determining how to measure the Chapter 2: Parking success of this arrangement can be difficult because there are Location so many factors that affect the success of a development. Fur- Reducing supply thermore, each stakeholder in the land development process Preferences for rideshare vehicles has its own way of measuring success. Transit agencies gen- Parking lot design, including pedestrian paths within erally use the number of riders as their guiding principle, the lot whereas developers rely on economic indicators to measure Bicycle parking. the success of a project and community organizations typically Chapter 3: Mixed-Use Development measure success with quality of life considerations. Mixed-use developments in the CBD (central busi- ness district) NCHRP Research Results Digest 294: Transit-Oriented Commercial districts Development: Developing a Strategy to Measure Success Mixed-use within a single building (Renne et al. 2005) identified useful indicators to measure the Ground floor requirements success of TOD. These measures can be applied to most land Measures to provide amenities. developmentbus transit coordination projects and include: Chapter 4: Increasing Density to Support Transit Single-family neighborhoods Transit ridership, Planned residential developments Density, Multifamily options Quality of streetscape design, Establishment of minimum densities Quantity of mixed-use structures, Incentive approaches. Pedestrian activity and safety, Increase in property value and tax revenue, Both of these documents provide a helpful resource for Public perception, areas that are investigating regulatory methods to encourage Number of mode connections, and transit-supportive development. They provide sample lan- Parking configuration. guage that planners can use to draft new transit-supportive regulations. Several of these indicators are difficult to measure because they require qualitative judgment (e.g., quality of streetscape design and public perception); however, these difficulties can MEASUREMENTS OF SUCCESS be overcome. These indicators can be used to measure the success of integrating bus transit into any land development Bus transit improves access to developments and increases and provide a good starting point for identifying additional the market area of a development by bringing more people measures.