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8 TABLE 1 HOW TRANSIT AGENCIES BECOME INFORMED OF NEW DEVELOPMENTS Responses Methods No. Percent Formal Communications with Local 27 24 Government Informal Communications with Local 21 19 Government Staff Observations 18 16 News Media 17 15 Call from Developer 16 14 Public Inquiries 8 7 Other Methods 6 5 between the transit agency and local governments. Transit Ensure that transit elements are built to appropriate agencies also have both formal and informal communica- specifications. tions with developers, and more than half of the responding Ensure adequate access to transit. transit agencies had formal or informal communications Streamline the development process. with community groups. Make all stakeholders aware of the opportunities transit provides. The survey asked, "How are developers (or others) SECTION C. TRANSIT AGENCY DEVELOPMENT GUIDELINES encouraged to use the guidelines?" In Orlando, where there are strong planning requirements, developers are required to Transit agency development guidelines were the subject of use the guidelines, at least for larger developments. In some the survey's third section. This section probed for the con- cases, respondents noted that city governments encouraged tents of existing guidelines and copies of existing documents developers to use the guidelines, and some cities require it as were requested. Of the 32 respondents, 9 (28%) had devel- part of the permit or rezoning processes. In Chicago, the Plan oped guidelines. In addition, four agencies were in the Commission has adopted the Chicago Transit Authority's process of developing guidelines and two agencies had (CTA's) guidelines. It is interesting to note that only four developed rail joint development guidelines. A list of the transit agencies responding to the survey make their guide- agencies providing guidelines is presented in Appendix C. lines available on-line. On-line access appears to be an easy method of making the guidelines available and could encour- The purposes of the guidelines were varied, but most cited age developers' use of them. by the respondents included one or more of the following elements: A list of possible guideline components was provided to the survey recipients as shown in Table 2. Guideline Provide specific design guidance to developers and components were differentiated into two types: those per- jurisdictions. taining to development characteristics and those regarding technical specifications. The survey asked respondents to 15 identify the components contained in their guidelines. No. of Responses 10 12 Within the development characteristics, most agency 9 guidelines include the incorporation of bus stops, Americans 8 5 with Disabilities Act (ADA) requirements, pedestrian ameni- 3 ties, and directness of pedestrian path. Approximately half 0 of the respondents also included recommendations on site Rarely Sometimes Usually Always planning, land use, density, streets, sidewalks, open space, FIGURE 1 Frequency of transit support by lead building design, parking, bicycle amenities, security, and agencies. landscaping. A few respondents provided additional develop-