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9 TABLE 2 to enhance their usefulness?" Responses included pedestrian POTENTIAL COMPONENTS OF TRANSIT AGENCY connections and amenities, bus stop standards, shelter types DESIGN GUIDELINES and dimensions, bus turnaround requirements, sidewalk Development Characteristics Technical Specifications dimensions, and guidance on which type of transit alternative Site Planning Bus dimensions works best with particular land use types. Density Bus stop paving Transit agencies were also asked, "Does your agency have Sidewalks Bus stop placement any other guidelines, regulatory authority, or published poli- Bus Stops News media cies that support the integration of bus transit service with new development projects?" The responses included the fol- Parking Bus turnaround requirements lowing: Pedestrian Technical Guidelines, Policy Principles Bicycle Amenities Turning radii on Service Design, Transit Guidelines for Developing Communities, Transit Development Plan/Program, Trans- Landscaping Bicycle storage portation Master Plan, Joint Development Policy/Plan, and Directness of Pedestrian Path Sidewalk width Bicycle Technical Guidelines. Land Use Bus stop spacing Streets Bus stop length SECTION D. TRANSIT-SUPPORTIVE STRATEGIES Open Space Bus shelter dimensions/design Section D requested information on transit-supportive strate- Building Design Roadway width gies. A list of 10 strategies was provided and respondents Pedestrian Amenities Roadway paving were asked to describe each strategy employed in their region. Respondents checked as many strategies as applied Security Parking spaces/lots to their areas, and the total number of responses to this ques- ADA Elements ADA requirements tion was 118 (see Table 3). Transit agency awareness of these types of strategies appears to be low based on the lack of Others Others explanatory details provided. Transit planners may not have direct contact with these policies because they are generally Note: ADA = Americans with Disabilities Act. the purview of city planners. Although they may be familiar with the terms, they may have little understanding of the ment characteristics such as shelter design, bus pull-out bays, and signalization. TABLE 3 TRANSIT-SUPPORTIVE STRATEGIES USED Additional development characteristics are cited by IN RESPONDENT AREAS the Valley Transportation Authority (VTA) in San Jose, Cal- ifornia. These include the role of local governments, methods No. of Respondents to overcome barriers, community area design, and a model Strategies Responses (%)* policy for integrating transportation and land use. The model Written Policies in Adopted Plans 20 69 policy is an example that jurisdictions can adopt to support VTA's Community Design and Transportation Program. Design Standards 20 69 Technical specifications within transit agency development Zoning 19 66 guidelines include dimensions and overall requirements of Parking Restrictions and Fees 14 48 transit elements. More than 75% of the survey respondents include in their guidelines technical specifications for bus size, Development Regulations 12 41 bus stop paving, stop length, shelter size, bus turning radii, and ADA requirements. Technical specifications on bus stop spac- Controlled Growth 10 34 ing, stop placement, turnaround requirements, shelter design, roadway width, and sidewalk width are included in approxi- Tax Incentives 8 28 mately half of the respondent guidelines. Less than half of the respondents include technical specifications for bicycle stor- Funding Incentives 6 21 age, roadway paving, parking spaces, or lots. Additional spec- ifications cited by respondents include acceptable walking dis- Land Incentives 5 17 tance (LYNX) and BRT requirements (VTA). Others 4 14 The survey asked respondents, "Are there elements that you or other stakeholders would like to add to your guidelines *Twenty-nine respondents answered this question.