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40 Smartcard Interoperability Issues for the Transit Industry 3.1.8 Transit Access Pass (TAP) The Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority (Metro) along with nine other municipal operators is introducing the TAP program. TAP is a smartcard-based regional fare payment system for multi-modal, public transit in the Los Angeles area. The TAP program will use two different smartcards. The proprietary contactless Go CARD supplied by CTS will be used for general public fare sales, while an ISO 14443 Type A MiFare card integrated with an HID access module will be used as the transit employee card. The HID portion of the card provides access to Metro building doors, stairwells, and elevators, while the Mifare portion interfaces with fare collection equipment to provide validation at fareboxes on buses or at validators at rail stations. In March 2002, Metro awarded the TAP contract to CTS with responsibility for supplying: TVMs; Standalone validators (SAVs) for platforms and stations; Handheld validators (HHVs) for inspection; POS devices; Fareboxes; and A central data collection system (CDCS) As a subcontractor to CTS, GFI will provide bus fareboxes with integrated smartcard readers as well as revenue equipment. There will also be more than 800 third-party supplier locations throughout Los Angeles County equipped with POS terminals that will allow customers to pur- chase and add value to their cards. The program is in the system-testing stage, with the central computer installed and supporting more than 200 fareboxes on buses at one of Metro's operating divisions. TAP will be gradually introduced across Metro's fleet of more than 2,500 buses and four rail lines following the successful pilot test at the first division. TAP will also be installed on the Metro Orange Line, a dedicated right-of-way bus rapid transit line under construction in the San Fernando Valley. Municipal operators will follow with TAP equipment installation in 2005. Although several other municipal operators are finalizing their plans to participate, these are among the confirmed TAP participants: Metro-bus, light rail, heavy rail; Foothill Transit-bus; Montebello Municipal Bus Lines; Torrance Transit-bus; Santa Clarita Transit-bus; Antelope Valley Transit-bus; Culver City Bus; Norwalk Transit-bus; Long Beach Transit-bus; and Los Angeles Department of Transportation (LADOT)-bus. Metrolink, the commuter rail system connecting Los Angeles County with five neighboring counties, is also undergoing fare collection system upgrades to prepare for interfaces to TAP. 3.1.8.1 Fare Policies The following fare policies and customer features define the TAP program: Card Fee--Fee amount undecided; Fare Products--Planned-Multiple transit products including e-cash, passes, and transit ride products (electronic ticket-books);