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48 Smartcard Interoperability Issues for the Transit Industry 3.3 Asian Contactless Smartcard Trends 3.3.1 Octopus Several programs already have integrated non-transit applications into their functionality. The Octopus card is accepted extensively throughout Hong Kong at more than 200 different non- transit locations. Currently, the Octopus card can be used at the following types of non-transit locations: Parking lots and garages; Secure access facilities; Retail stores (e.g, fast food chains, convenience stores, supermarkets, personal care stores, bakeries); Self services (e.g., vending machines, photo booths, pay phones, photocopiers); Movie theaters; Recreational facilities (e.g., swimming pools, race tracks, amusement parks); and Schools (e.g., food service). Additionally, the Octopus card can be used to control access to residential properties, offices, schools, and parking lots. 3.3.2 EZ-Link Similar to the Octopus card, the EZ-Link card in Singapore is accepted for payment by non- transit merchants such as hotels, fast food restaurants (e.g., McDonald's), cafes, cinemas, school food services, libraries, and a bowling alley. The EZ-Link card can even be used to enable Muslims to contribute their annual alms, or zakat, through their EZ-Link cards during Ramadan. 3.3.3 Finding These programs use the capabilities of the transit application and the settlement functional- ity of the central system. Non-transit participants and merchants are treated the same as a tran- sit agency, from the perspective of transaction processing. 3.4 U.S. and Canadian Contactless Smartcard Trends 3.4.1 TransLink As the full rollout of TransLink progresses, the City of San Francisco has decided to expand the use of the TransLink card with the Department of Parking and Traffic (DPT) for payment at parking meters. The city recently purchased 25,000 new meters designed to accept smartcards. Development work to enable the meters to accept the TransLink card and include DPT as a par- ticipant in clearing and settlement is well under way with a planned demonstration program to begin in mid-2005. 3.4.2 SmarTrip Customers of Washington's Metrorail may use their SmarTrip card to pay for parking at sta- tion parking facilities. WMATA is conducting pilots with financial institutions where the Smar- Trip chip is embedded in an ATM card. There is no direct connection between the debit card information and the data stored on the SmarTrip chip.