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References Abney, A. E. Private communication with W. J. Brady. Lexington, KY: U.S. Army Lexington Blue Grass Depot; January 1989. Aebersold, P. July 16th nuclear explosion-safety and monitoring of personnel. Los Alamos, NM: Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory; Report LA-616; 1947. Aitchison, J.; Brown, J. S. C. Me lognormal distribution. Cambridge, England: The University Press; 1969. Allen, L E. Memorandum to JTG 8.4, Subject: Operation DOMINIC historical summary for the JTG 8.4 radiological safety activity. Washington, DC: U.S. Air Force; 12 July 1962. Allen, N. C. B.; Lafy, T. N. The sensitivity of photographic plates to x-rays. Nature 103:177; 1919. American Standards Association. American Standard method for evaluating films for monitoring x rays and gamma rays having energies up to 2 MeV. New York, NY: ASA; PH 2.10; 1956. American National Standards Institute. Criteria for testing personnel dosimet~y performance. New York, NY: ANSI; N13.11; 1983. Atomic Energy Commission. Memorandum, Subject: Film badge discrepancies TUMBLER-SNAP PER. Los Alamos, NM: Los Alamos National Laboratory; RG-326; undated. Atomic Energy Commission. Recommendations for standard personnel dosimetry for bomb tests. Washington, DC: USAEC Division of Biology and Medicine; 18 August 1952. Atomic Energy Commission. Report of the manager, Operation HARDTACK, Phase I. Washington, DC: USAEC; OTO 58-2; September 1958. Auxier, J. A. Personnel monitoring: past, present and future. In: Kathren, R. L.; Ziemer, P. L, eds. Health physics: a backward glance. Oxford: Pergamon Press; 1980: 167-183. Baietti, A. L.; Smith, A.L. Radiological safety for Operation WIGWAM. San Francisco, CA: U.S. Naval Radiological Defense Laboratory; WT-1001; January 1957. Becker, K. Photographic film dosimetry. London and New York: The Focal Press; 1966. Becker, K. Solid state dosimetry. Cleveland, OH: CRC Press; 1973. Berichouse, L.; Davis, S. E.; Gladeck, F. R.; Hallowell, J. H.; Jones, C. B.; Martin, E. J.; McMullan, F. W.; Osborne, M. J. Operation GREENHOUSE- 1951. Washington, DC: Defense Nuclear Agency; DNA-6034F; 1983a. 193 l

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194 FILM BADGE DOSIMETRY TV ATMOSPHERIC NUCLEAR TESTS Berkhouse, L.; Davis, S. E.; Gladeck, F. R.; Hallowell, J. H.; Jones, C. B.; Martin, E. J.; Miller, R. A.; McMullan, F. W.; Osboume, M. J. Operation DOMINIC I 1962. Washington, DC: Defense Nuclear Agency; DNA - 40F; 1 February 1983b. Bunkhouse, L.; Hallowell, J. H.; McMullan, F. W.; Davis, S. E.; Jones, C. B.; Osboume, M. J.; Gladeck, F. R.; Martin, E. J. Operation CROSSROADS-1946. Washington, DC: Defense Nuclear Agency; DNA 6032F; 1 May 1984. Bloch, O.; Renwick, F. F. The behaviour of photographic plates to x-rays. Transactions of the Faraday Society 15:40; 1920. Bouwers, A.; van der Tuuk, J. H. Strahlenschutz. Fortschritte auf dem Gebiete der Rontgenstrahlen 41:767; 1930 (in German). Brady, W. J. Letter to W. Loeffler, USN, Subject: Re-evaluation of operation DOMINIC Phase I damaged dosimeter films. 23 August 1982. Brady, W. J.; Iverson, G. K. Combination personnel dosimeter and security credential holder. Las Vegas, NV: U.S. Atanic Energy Commission; NVO-162-27; 1968. Brady, W. J.; Nelson, A. G. Radiac instruments and film badges used at atmospheric nuclear tests. Washington, DC: Defense Nuclear Agency; TR-84-338; 26 September 1985. Brodsky, A. Accuracy and sensitivity of film measurements of gamma radiation. IL Limits of sensitivity and precision. Health Physics 9:463; 1963. Brodsky, A.; Kathren, R. L. Accuracy and sensitivity of film measurements of gamma radiation. I. Comparison of multiple-film and single-quarterly-film measurements of gamma dose at several environmental conditions. Health Physics 9:453; 1963. Brodsky, A.; Spritzer, A. A.; Feagin, S. E.; Bradley, F. J.; Karches, G. J.; Mandelberg, H. I. Accuracy and sensitivity of fox measurements of gamma radiation. IV. Intrinsic and extrinsic errors. Health Physics 1 1:1071; 1965. Bruce-Henderson, S.; Gladeck, F. R.; Hallowell, J. H.; Martin, E. J.; McMullan, F. W.; Miller, R. H.; Rogers, W. E.; Rowland, R. H.; Shelton, C. F.; Sturman, P.; Berkhouse, L.; Davis, S.; DeSantis, H.; Dean, P.; Doyle, M. K.; Patterson, D. S. Operation REDWING 1956. Washington, DC: Defense Nuclear Agency; DNA-6037F; 1 August 1982. Buckland, C. Report on the exposure received during the TRINITY experiment of July 16. Personal canmunication to J. Hoffman on 15 October 1945. Los Alamos, NM: Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory; 1945. Buckland, C. Memo to Clark, J. C., Subject: Report and summary of red-safe operations covering Nevada tests of January and February, 1951. Los Alarnos, NM: Los Alamos Scientific Labora- tory; 16 February 1951. Cheka, J. Recent developments in film monitoring of fast neutrons. Nucleonics 15(6):40; 1954. Collison, T. D. (LTC USA) Radiological Safety Operation. Albuquerque, NM: Field Command, Armed Forces Special Weapons Project; WT-702(REF); June 1953. Collison, T. D. Radiological safety. Albuquerque, NM: Field Command, Armed Forces Special Weapons Project; WT-1166; May 1955. Commander Task Group 7.3. Operation HARDTACK, Enewetak Proving Ground, March-August 1958. Final report, CJ1F-7.3; 1958. Cook, C. S. Gamma ray scintillator spectranetry. American Scientist 45:245-262; 1957. Cook, C. S. Residual gamma radiation in the vicinity of nuclear weapons. American Scientist 47:399- 409; 1959. Cook, C. S. The energy spectrum of gamma radiation from fallout. Health Physics 4:42-51; 1960. Cooney, J. P. Operation GREENHOUSE. Scientific director's report, annex 9.3. Radiological safety. Washington, DC: U.S. Atanic Energy Commission; 1951. Defense Nuclear Agency. Analysis of radiation exposure for naval personnel at Operation CASTLE. Washington, DC: DNA; TR-84-6; 28 February 1984.

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REFERENCES 195 Department of Energy. Standard for the performance testing of personnel dosimetry systems. Wash- ington, DC: USDOE; DOE/EH~027; 1986. Department of Energy. Announced United States nuclear tests. July 1945 through December 1987. Las Vegas, NV: USDOE, Nevada Operations Office; NVO-209 (Rev. 8); April 1988. Dessauer, A. Lecture notes, dosimetry research project. Las Vegas, NV: Reynolds Electrical & Engineering Company; circa August 1947. DeVries, T. W. Fallout radiation energy distribution as a function of altitude. Washington, DC: Office of Civil Defense; FZK-187; 1964. Dudley, R. A. Dosimetry with photographic emulsions. In: Attic, F. H.; Roesch, W. C., eds. Radiation dosimetry. New York, NY: Academic Press; 1966. Dunning, G. M. Memorandum to Dunham, D. L., Subject: Radiation exposures Operation HARD- TACK. Washington, DC: U.S. Atomic Energy Commission; 29 October 1958. Edwards, R.; Goetz, J.; Klemm, J. Analysis of radiation exposure for maneuver units. Washington, DC: Defense Nuclear Agency; TR-84-303; 15 October 1985. Ehrlich, M. Photographic dosimetry of x and gamma rays. Washington, DC: National Bureau of Standards; Handbook 57; 1954. Ehrlich, M. Reciprocity law for x-rays. I. Validity for high-intensity exposures in the negative region. Joumal of the Optical Society of America 46:797; 1956. Ehrlich, M. The use of film badges for personnel monitoring. Vienna: Intemational Atomic Energy Agency; IAEA Manual STI-PUB-43; 1962. Ehrlich, M.; Fitch, S. H. Photographic x- and gamma-ray dosimetry. Nucleonics 9:5-17; 1951. Ehrlich, M.; McLaughlin, W. L" Photographic response to successive exposures of different types of radiation. Joumal of the Optical Society of America; 51:1 172-1181; 1961. Fackler, P. H. Technical Air Operations, Operation TUMBLER-SNAPPER. Kirtland Air Force Base, NM: Alllled Forces Special Weapons Project; WT-568(EX) 1953. Ferguson, J. M.; Thompson, W. E.; Tommovec, F. M. Gamma-ray fallout spectra for Operation PLUMBBOB. San Francisco, CA: U.S. Naval Radiological Defense Laboratory; TR-286; 1958. (Secret) Fitch, B. M. Report of test exercises Desert Rock ~ and m. u.s. 6th Army; 15 December 1951. Franke, H. Uber die Bestimmung der Toleranzdosis auf photographischen Wege. Portschritte auf dem Gebiete der Rontgenstrahlen 38:22; 1928 (in German). French, R. L. Gamma ray energy and angular distributions above fallout. Health Physics 11:369-383; 1965. Friedrich, W.; Koch, P. P. Dber Methoden zur photographischen Spektralphotometrie der Rontgen- strahlung. Annalen der Physik 45:399; 1914 (in Gentian). General Accounting Office. Operation CROSSROAI)S~rsonnel radiation exposure estimates should be unproved. Washington, DC; GAO; GAO/RCED-85-15; November 1985. General Accounting Of lice. Nuclear health and safety-radiation exposures for some cloud-sampling personnel need to be examined. Washington, DC: GAO; GAO/RCED-87-134; September 1987. Gladeck, J. A.; Hallowell, J. H.; Marion, E. J.; McMullan, F. W.; Pozega, R.; Rogers, W. E.; Rowland, R. H.; Shelton, C. F.; Berkhouse, L.; Davis, S.; Doyle, M. K.; Jones, C. B. Operation IVY 1952. Washington, DC: Defense Nuclear Agency; DNA-6036F; 1982. Glasstone, S.; Dolan, P. J. The effects of nuclear weapons. lbird edition. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Defense and U.S. Department of Energy; 1977. Clocker, R.; Traub, W. Das photographische Schwarzungsgesetz. Physikalische Zeitschrift 23:345; 1921 (in German). Goetz, J.; Klemm, J.; O'tlieb, E. Analysis of radiation exposure for observers and maneuver troops, Exercise Desert Rock IV, Operation TUMBLER-SNAPPER. Washington, DC: Defense Nuclear Agency; TR-85-277; 1985.

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196 FILM BADGE DOSIMETRY IN ATMOSPHERIC NUCLEAR TESTS Golden, R.; Tochilin, E. Characteristic curves for different ionizing radiations and their significance in photographic dosimetry. Health Physics 2:199-206; 1959. Gumey, R. W.; Mott, N. F. The theory of photolysis of silver bromide and the photographic latent unage. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Senes A 164:151; 1938. Gwynn, P. S. Operation TUMBLER-SNAPPER, radiological safety. Report to the test director. Washington, DC: Armed Forces Special Weapons Project; December 1952. Hamann, A. Praktische Erfahn~ngen in der Radiumdosierung. Strahlentherapie 43:552; 1932 (in German). Hashizwne, T.; Maroyame, T.; Kumamoto, Y; Kato, Y; Kawamura, S. Estimation of gamma-ray dose from neutron-induced radioactivity in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Health Physics 17:761-771; 1969. Hawthorne, H. A. Compilation of local fallout data from test detonations 1945-1962 extracted from DASA 1251. Vol. 1. Continental U.S. tests. Washington, DC: Defense Nuclear Agency; DNA- 1251-1-EX; 1 May 1979. Heard, M. J.; Cook, J. E.; Holt, P. D. Photographic emulsion dosimetry and the AERE film dosimeter. Harwell, England: Atomic Energy Research Establishment; Report AERE-R 3300; 1960. Herz, R. H. The photographic action of ionizing radiation. New York, NY: Wiley-Interscience; 1969. Hine, G. J.; Brownell, G. L Radiation dosimetry. New York, NY: Academic Press; 1956:484, 486. Holthausen, H.; Hamann, A. Radiumdosimetne auf photometnschen Wege. Strahlentherapie 43:667; 1932 (in Gem~an). Intemational Atomic Energy Agency. Personnel dosimetry systems for extemal radiation exposure. Vienna: IAEA; Technical Reports Senes 109; 1970. Intemational Atomic Energy Agency. Handbook on calibration of radiation protection monitoring instruments. Vienna: IAEA; Technical Reports Series 133; 1971. Intemational Car~mission on Radiation Units and Measurements. Measurement of absorbed dose in a phantom irradiated by a single beam of x or ga~nma rays. Bethesda, MD: ICRU; Report 23; 1973. Intemational Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements. Radiation quantities and units. Bethesda, MD: ICRU; Report 33; 1980. Intemational Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements. Determination of dose equivalents resulting from extemal radiation sources. Bethesda, MD: ICRU; Report 39; 1985. Intemational Commission on Radiological Protection. Recanrnendations of the ICRP. Oxford: Pergamon Press; ICRP Publication 26; 1977. Intemational Commission on Radiological Protection. Data for use in protection against extemal radiation. Oxford: Pergamon Press; ICRP Publication 51; 1987. Intemational Standards Organization. X and gamma reference radiations for calibrating dosemeters and dose ratemeters and for determining their response as a function of photon energy. ISO-4037- 1979/A1-1983(E); 1983. Jacks, G. L. Operation REDWING-Radiological safety. Los Alamos, NM: Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory; WT-1366; 1957. Jacks, G. L. Memorandum to distribution, Subject: Task Group 7.1 radiological safety regulaiions for Operation HARDTACK. Headquarters, Task Group 7.1; 11 March 1958a. Jacks, G. L. Memorandum to individual concemed, Subject: Film badge issue. Headquarters, Task Group 7.1; 2 April 1958b. Jacks, G. L. et al. Report to the scientific director, radiological safety. Los Alamos, NM: Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory; 15 November 1958. Johnson, A. A.; Goetz, J. L.; McRaney, W. K. For the recor~a history of the nuclear test personnel review program, 1978-1986. Washington, DC: Defense Nuclear Agency; DNA-604 1 F; 1 August 1986. Johnson, N. L;-Kotz, S. Continuous univanate distnbutions. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company; 1970:1 12-136.

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REFERENCES 197 Joint Task Force Seven. Commander's report, Task Group 7.1 (deleted version). Washington, DC: J1'F-7; 1958a. loins Task Force Seven. Report to the Scientific Director. Report of the Commander, Task Group 7.1 (deleted version). Washington, DC: J1'F-7; WT-1682(EX); 1 August 1958b. Jones, C. B.; Doyle, M. K.; Berkhouse, L H.; Calhoun, F. S.; Martin, E. J. Operation ARGUS 1958. Washington, DC: Defense Nuclear Agency; DNA-6039F; 20 April 1982. Kathren, R. L Thermal fogging of personnel monitoring film. Health Physics 12:61~3; 1966. Kathren, R. L. E'ctemal beta-photon dosimetry for radiation protection. In: Kase, K. R.; Bjamgard, B.; Attic, F. H., eds. The dosimetry of ionizing radiation, Vol. 2. New York, NY: Academic Press; 1987:321-370. Kathren, R. L; Prevo, C. T.; Block, S. Angular dependence of Eastman Type A (NTA) personnel monitoring firm. HealthPhysicsll:1065;1965. Kathren, R. L.; Zurakowski, P. R.; Covell, M. Effect of humidity and dose on latent image stability. American Industrial Hygiene Association Joumal 27:388-395; 1966. Kean, W. B. Exercise Desert Rock I. Fort MacArthur, CA: Headquarters, m Corps; 1951. Knipp, A. L., Jr. Radiological safety (Operation DOMINIC). Washington, DC: Headquarters, Joint Task Force Eight; 1 April 1963. Kocher, D. C. Radioactive decay data tables. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Energy; DOEJ TIC-1 1026; 1981. Kocher, L. F.; Bramson, P. E.; Unruh, C. M. The new Hanford film badge dosimeter. Washington, DC: U.S. Atanic Energy Commission; Report HW-76944; 1963. Kronke, H. fiber die Messung der Intensitat und Harte der Rontgenstrahlen. Annalen der Physik 43:687; 1914 (in German). Landauer, R. S. The use of dental films in the determination of stray radiation. Radiology 8:512; 1927. Lee, Y. T.; Salem, S. L. Probability intervals for the reliability of complex systems using Monte Carlo simulation. Los Angeles, CA: University of California at Los Angeles; Report UCLA-ENGG- 7758; 1977. Lehman, R. L. Energy response and physical properties of NTA personnel dosimeter nuclear track film. UCRL-9513; 1951. Littlejohn, G. J. Memorandum to L. Hemplemann, 19 September 1946, Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory. Dosimetry Research Project. Las Vegas, NV: Reynolds Electncal and Engineering Company. Littlejohn, G. J. Observation of Enewetak film badge procedure. Personal communication to T. N. Unite, Group Leader, H-1 section, Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, 1951. Dosimetry Research Project. Las Vegas, NV: Reynolds Electncal and Engineering Company. Littlejohn, G. J. Photo-dosimet~y procedures at Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory. LASL; 1952. Dosimetry Research Project. Las Vegas, NV: Reynolds Electrical and Engineenng Company. Littlejohn, G. J. Personal communication with 1951 Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory dosimetry supervisor. Los Alamos, NM: Los Alamos National Laboratory; November-December 1988a. Littlejohn, G. J. Personal communication with Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory dosimetry supervi- sor for RANGER period. Los Alamos, NM: Los Alamos National Laboratory; November- December 1988b. Littlejohn, G. J. Personal communication with 1962 Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory dosimetry supervisor. Los Alamos, NM: Los Alamos National Laboratory; November-December 1988c. Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory. LA Notebook 1144; 1945. Dosimetry Research Project. Las Vegas, NV: Reynolds Electrical and Engineenng Company. Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, Office of the Test Director. Annex R to operation order 1-51 (BUSTER-JANGLE), Radiological safety and health. Los Alamos, NM: LASL; 31 August 1951.

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198 FILM BADGE DOSIMEIRY TV ATMOSPHERIC NUCLEAR TESTS Maag, C.; Rohrer, S. Project ~aTY 1945-1946. Washington, DC: Defense Nuclear Agency; DNA-6028F; 1982:1, 2, 50, 51. Martin, EJ.; Rowland, R.H. CASTLE SERIES-1954, Washington, DC: Defense Nuclear Agency; DNA-6033F; 1 April 1982. Maynard, R. H.; Servis, I. D. Report to the scientific director, radiological safety. Los Alamos, MM: Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory; WT-614; 1952:30, 68-69, 79-82. Mees, C. E. K. The theory of the photographic process. New York, NY: Macmillan; 1967. Minldnnen, C. et al. Task Group 7.5 radiological safety support, Operation HARDTACK, Phase I, OTO-58-3. Holmes & Narver, Inc.; April 1959. Morgan, K. Z. Health physics and its control of radiation exposures at Clinton Laboratories. Washington, DC: U.S. Atomic Energy Commission; Report MDDC-937; 1947. Mudgett, C. F. Enclosure N to the report by Commander, Joint Task Force Eight on the 1962 Pacific Nuclear Tests (Operation DOMINIC). RadSafe, Joint Task Force Eight; 4 June 1964. Muslin, L. M. Operation ARGUS, Report of the Commander, Task Force 88. Washington, DC: Defense Atomic Support Agency; WT-1665(EX); 29 December 1959. National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council. Monality of nuclear weapons test participants. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 1985a. National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council. Review of the methods used to assign radiation doses to service personnel at nuclear weapons tests. Washington, DC: National Acad- emy Press; 1985b. National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council. Review of the U.S. Arrny ionizing radiation dosimet~y system. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 1986. National Bureau of Standards. Permissable dose from external sources of ionizing radiation. Recom- mendations of the National Commission on Radiological Protection. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Commerce; Handbook 59; 24 September 1954. National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurement. The control of exposure of the public to ionizing radiation in the event of accident or aback. Proceedings of a symposium held 27-29 April 1981,Bethesda,MD; 1982. National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurement. Radiological assessment: predicting the transport, bioaccumulation and uptake by man of radionuclides released to the environment. Washington, DC: NCRP; Report No.76; 1984. National Institutes of Health. Report of the NIH ad hoc working group to develop radioopidemiologi- cal tables. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; NIH Publication No. 85-2738; 1985. Nelms, A. T.; Cooper, J. W. U-235 fission product decay spectra at various times after fission. Health Physics 1:427-441; 1959. Pardue, ~ A.; Goldstein, N.; Wollan, E. O. Photographic film as a pocket radiation dosimeter. Washington, DC: U.S. Atomic Energy Commission; USAEC Report MDDC-1065 (CH-1153); 1944. Parlcer, H. M. Health physics, instrumentation, and radiation protection (repent of U.S. Atomic Energy Commission Report MDDC-783, circa 1943). Health Physics 38:957; 1980. Perkins, W. W. History of Pacific proving ground dosirnet~y. San Diego, CA: U.S. Naval Ocean Systems Center, TR-725; 1 April 1981. Pfahler, G. E. Protection in radiology. American Joumal of Roentgenology and Radium Therapy 9:467; 1922. Ponton, J.; Maag, C. Shots Able, Baker, Charlie, and Dog. First tests of the TUMBLER-SNAPPER senes, 1 April 1 May 1952. Washingta,, DC: Defense Nuclear Agency; DNA-6020F; 15 June 1982a.

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REFERENCES 199 Proton, J.; Maag, C. Shots Easy, Fox, George, and How. The final tests of the TUbIBLER- SNAPPER series, 7 May 5 June 1952. Washington, DC: Defense Nuclear Agency; DNA- 6021F; 16 June 1982b. Photon, J.; Maag, C.; Barrett, M. F.; Shepanek, R. Operation TUMBLER-SNAPPER-1952. Washington, DC: Defense Nuclear Agency; DNA 6019F; 14 June 1982a. Ponton, J.; Massie, J.; Maeg, C.; Shepanek, R.; Rohrer, S. Operation UPSHOT-KNOTHOLE, 1953. Washington, DC: Defense Nuclear Agency; DNA-6014F; 11 January 1982b. Ponton, J.; Rohrer, S.; Maag, C: Shepanek, R.; Gravitis, I. Operation HARD TACK II 1958. Washington, DC: Defense Nuclear Agency; DNA-6026F; 1982c: 12,60-65,77-81. Ponton, J.; Shepanek, R.; Rohrer, S.; Massie, J.; Maag, C. Operation BUSTER-JANGLE 1951. Washington, DC: Defense Nuclear Agency; DNA 6023 F; 21 June 1982d. Ponton, J.; Maag, C.; Rohrer, S.; Shepanek, R. Operation DOMINIC It, shots Little Feller if, Johnnie Boy, Small Boy, Little FellerI. Washington, DC: Defense Nuclear Agency; DNA 6027F; 1983. Quimby, E. H. A method for the study of scattered and secondary radiation in c-ray and radium laboratories. Radiology 7:211; 1926. Remelt, A. Memorandum to d. Hoffman, Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory,10July 1946. Dosimetry Research Project. Las Vegas, NV: Reynolds Electrical and Engineering Company. Reynolds Electrical and Engineering Company, Inc. Photographic dosimetry, third supplemental evaluation. Las Vegas, NV: REECo; RR5-57.4; 1957:2. Reynolds Electrical and Engineering Company, Inc. On-site red-safe support report Las Vegas, NV: REECo; OTO 58-5; 1958:8,9. Reynolds Electrical and Engineering Company, Inc. Dosimetry matrix report, 1946 Pacific records. Las Vegas, NV: REECo; 7 September 1982. Reynolds Electrical and Engineering Company, Inc. Microfilms of nuclear testing dosimetry source document collection, Dosimetry Research Branch. Las Vegas, NV: REECo; 1988. Richie, F. G. TWX to Commander, Task Group 7.1, Subject: All personnel required to wear film badge commencing 0600 04121/58. Enewetak, Marshall Islands: Joint Task Force Seven; 18 April 1958. Rollins, W. Non-radiable cases for c-light tubes. Electrical Review 40:795; 1902. Rueter, F. G. Memorandum to H & N et al., Subject: Rollup of photodosimetIy section. Headquarters, JTF-8, Rad Safe; U.S. Public Health Service; 24 October 1962. Sandmeier, H. A.; Battat, M. E. Radiation to personnel from activities induced in tank armor for enhanced-radiation and fission nuclear weapons. Los Alamos, NM: Los Alamos National Labora- tory; LA-9592-MS; 1982. Semis, J. D. Radiological Safety, (CASTLE). Los Alamos, NM: Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory; August 1954. Shipman, T. L. In: Operation RANGER, Volume 5, Program reports-operational. Final report, Operation RANGER, red-safe group. Los Alamos, NM: Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory; WT- 204; 17 April 1952. Shipman, T. L. Radiological safety, Operation BUSTER-JANGLE. Los Alamos, NM: Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory; WT~25(EX); July 1953. Shipman, T. L et al. Log of MA operations, red-safe group, Operatim RANGER, site m~nitonng, 23 January to 11 February 1951. Las Vegas, NV: Nellis Air Force Base; 1951. .~hinm~n T T. at ~1 ~ l~v~cion nrns~r~c renort 20 June to 20 July, 1951. Los Alam. as. NM: Los -lLL~111~11~ A. ~ -~ I. AA-OVA TV Alamos Scientific Laboratory; 1951. Sandhaus, C. A.; Bond, V. P. Physical factors and dosimetry in the Marshall Island radiation exposures, Operation CASTLE. San Francisco, CA: U.S. Naval Radiological Defense Labora- tory; WT-939; 1955.

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200 FILM BADGE DOSIMETRY RV ATMOSPHERIC NUCLEAR TESTS Starbird, A. D. et al. Annex to ops plan 2-62, radiological safety operations (change #3, 23 February 1962, to headquarters JTF-8 ops plan 2~2). Washington, DC: Joint Task Force Eight; 1962. Stamer, M. L. Memoranda to Shipman, T. L., Subject: Exposures of personnel film badges fran Nevada tests. Los Alamos, NM: Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory; 1 and 6 March 1951. Stem, S. Method for measuring the quantity of x-ray. J. Cut. Dis. incl. Syphilis 21 :S68; 1903. Storm, E. Memorandum to W. G. Kratz, 12 July 1951, Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory. Dosimetry Research Project. Las Vegas, NV: Reynolds Electrical and Engineenng Company. Storm, E.; Bemis, E. A. Method for monitoring ~ rays using Eastman type K film. Los Alamos, NM: Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory; LA-1107; 1950. Storm, E.; Shlaer, S. Development of energy independent film badges with multi-element filters. Health Physics 11:1127; 1965. Thompson, W. E. Spectrometric analysis of gamma radiation from fallout from Operation RED- WING. San Francisco, CA: U.S. Naval Radiological Defense Laboratory; TR-146; 1957. (ConS- dential) Tyler, C. L. Administrative summary report, Operation RANGER, Vol. 6. Los Alamos, NM: Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory; WT-205; July 1951. U.S. Senate. Hearing before the Committee on Veterans' Affairs: Veterans' claims for disabilities from nuclear weapons testing. Washington, DC: U.S. Ninety-Sixth Congress; 20 June 1979. Weary, S. E.; Ozeroff, W. J.; Sperling, J. L.; Collins, B.; Lowery, C. W.; Oberrniller, S. K. Operation WIGWAM. Washington, DC: Defense Nuclear Agen cy; DNA 6000F; 1981. Webb, L. A. et al. Analysis of gamma radiation from fallout from Operation TEAPOT. San Francisco, CA: U.S. Naval Radiological Defense Laboratory; TR-106; 1956. (Ca~dential) Wilcox, F. W.; Goeke, R. H.; Weaver, C. L. Operation PLUMBBOB on-site radiological safety support report. Las Vegas, NV: Reynolds Electrical and Engineering Company; OTO-57-2; 1957.