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Appendix A Biographies of Committee Members PETER R. TATRO received a B.M.E. degree from the Georgia Institute of Technology, attended the Air-Ocean Environment Curriculum of the U.S. Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, and earned a Ph.D. degree in oceanography from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He is corporate vice-president at Science Applications International Corporation, where he manages 200 scientists and engineers working on a wide variety of programs. These include ocean prediction computer programs, analysis of oceanographic data and archiving, and shore-based computers providing strategic and tactical acoustic predictions for operating forces. During his 20 years of Navy service he established an in-house research group at the Naval Research Laboratory, after having pioneered in the development and dissemination of numerical ocean and tactical forecasts. KENNETH A. BLENKARN received B.N, B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. (mechani- cal engineering) degrees from Rice University. He retired from the position of research director, offshore technology, Amoco Production Company. He has conducted and was responsible for research, development, and testing of programs in the areas of petroleum drilling and production, ocean en- vironmental forces, and structural design and reliability. As a researcher with Amoco, Dr. Blenkarn became closely acquainted with the procedures and problems of offshore operators, some of them dependent on the accu- racy and timeliness of observations and forecasting of meteorological and oceanographic environments. He has been active in the technical com- mittees of the American Petroleum Institute, Det norske Veritas, and the SocieW of Petroleum Engineers. Dr. Blenkarn is a member of the Marine 44

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45 Board and has served previously on the Loads Advisory Group of the Committee on Marine Structures and on the Marine Board's Executive Committee. He is a member of the National Research Council. ROBERT T. BUSH was born in England and educated at Southhampton University. He is general manager of operations of Universe Tankships, Inc., an affiliate of National Bulk Carriers. Universe Tankships operates large fleets of dry bulk carriers and tankers in worldwide trades. Capt. Bush served an apprenticeship with British Petroleum Tanker Company and sailed aboard various bunk carriers, tankers, general cargo ships, cable ships, and salvage tugs. He sewed as master of bunkers, tankers, and tugs for British, German, and U.S. owners. As marine superintendent, ashore, for National Bunk Carriers, he was responsible for port feasibility studies, construction and operation, tug and barge operations, and the berthing of large bunk carriers in exposed locations. In the mid-197Os he was senior marine advisor for Aramco at Ras Acura, Saudi Arabia, concerned with vessel routing and channel development, offshore supply, and the lightering of project cargoes ashore, including heavy equipment lifts. From the mid-1970s until 1986, he was operations manager for Mercantile and Marine, Inc. (Texas) general liner and bunk ship operations and then became senior marine adviser with Phillips Petroleum Company. Duties with Phillips included ship-to- ship transfers worldwide and offshore terminal operations including the North Sea and other exposed locations enduring extreme weather and sea condtions. His responsibility for weather routing analysis was another task bearing closely on the interest of the subject NRC committee's wore Capt. Bush also represented Phillips at the Oil Companies International Marine Forum, American Institute of Merchant Shipping (AIMS), and served other national and international industry groups. MICHAEL H. G~NTZ received a B.S. degree (metallurgical engineer- ing) and M.N and Ph.D. degrees (political science) from the University of Pennsylvania. He is head of the Environmental and Societal Impacts Group of the National Center for Atmospheric Research. He is also ad- junct professor, Center on Agro-Meteorology and Climatology, University of Nebraska, and adjunct associate professor, University of Colorado, De- partment of Philosophy. Dr. Glantz is, or has been, a chairman, member, trustee, consultant editor, or participant with about 20 advisory committees, many concerned with meteorology, climate, drought, and their impacts. He has also authored or edited numerous publications on climate, weather, droughts, food production, and resulting social impacts. Dr. Glantz has re- ceived several awards and has lectured, taught, and organized conferences in his areas of expertise including climate, food, American and international politics, organization, and social impacts of policies. He has held several

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46 professional positions beginning with metallurgy and proceeding through operations research to his present work. WILLIAM G. GORDON received a B.S. in zoology from Mount Union College and a M.S. degree in fisheries from the University of Michigan, where he continued with postgraduate studies. He is vice-president for programs, New Jersey Marine Sciences Consortium, where he handles Sea Grant relationships with the national office and member institutions, and provides all liaison [unctions for fisheries with federal, state, local, and industry representatives. Mr. Gordon retired from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) in February 1987 as special as- sistant to the administrator, responsible for coordinating fishery activities and coordinating with other federal agencies and foreign governments. His prior position was as NOAA:s assistant administrator for fisheries, managing and implementing fisheries programs to enhance industry production and marketing, and developing positions on international fisheries issues. Prior to these positions he held a succession of posts of increasing responsibil- ity, directed at strengthening scientific research capabilities, encouraging international programs, and directing fishery management programs. ROBERT E. HARING received B.S. and M.S. degrees in chemical engineer- ing from Carnegie-Mellon University and a M.S. degree in mathematics from the University of Tulsa. He supervises Exxon Production Research Company's foundations and environmental analysis research, which pro- vides technology for E=on's worldwide offshore facility design and oper- ations. Mr. Haring began his career with Exxon in 1956 as a chemical engineer. Since transferring to Exxon Production Research Company in 1965, he has worked in various areas of offshore research and engineering and has gained industry-wide recognition for his work in single-point moor- ings operations, simulation, physical oceanography, and wave forces. From 1976 to 1979, he was project manager for Exxon's Ocean Test Structure program. Throughout this work he has gained a keen appreciation for the benefits of accurate and timely marine observations and predictions. Mr. Haring is a member of the Society of Petroleum Engineers, and the Marine Technology Society. JON F. KLEIN graduated from the U.S. Merchant Marine Academy at Kings Point with a B.S. degree and a Coast Guard license as deck officer. He received a M.S. in education and psychology from C.W Post College. In February 1989 he accepted the position of director of international sales for COMSAT, Inc. Prior to that he was vice president, marine operations, and was responsible for the administration, management, maintenance, and repair of the Sea-I~nd owned and chartered fleet. This is one of the largest, most innovative and successful merchant fleets in the United

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47 States. Sea-Land has employed weather routing services for many years to keep critical voyage schedules, save fuel, and avoid weather damage to its high-speed ships and cargoes. Recently it trained its own ship masters to analyze weather facsimile data received on board during voyages for more timely analysis and weather route planning. Mr. Klein joined Sea-Land Senice in 1968 and sailed as deck officer on several vessels in the Atlantic and Pacific trades. He returned to the Merchant Marme Academy in 1972 to serve for 3 years on the staff of the Commandant of Midshipmen. He returned to Sea-Land and advanced through a number of managerial posts, in both the United States and in Europe, where he also lectured as guest professor at the World Maritime University in Malmo, Sweden. ALLAN R. ROBINSON received his B.N, M.N, and Ph.D. degrees in physics from Harvard University. He is Gordon McKay Professor of Geo- physical Fluid Dynamics, Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences of the Division of Applied Sciences, Harvard University, where his research is in oceanography, the dynamics of oceanic motions, and geophysical fluid dynamics. Professor Robinson was National Science Foundation fellow in meteorology and oceanography at Cambridge University, and has been co-chairman of the Mid-Ocean Dynamics Expenment of the International Science Council. He returned to Cambridge University as Guggenheim Fellow from 1972 to 1973, has been co-editor-in-chief of Dynamics of At- mospheres and Oceans and is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Dr. Robinson has numerous publications and memberships and has held many leadership positions within university, government, and NRC committees and boards concerned with oceanography, atmospheric science, space systems, and advanced scientific computing. He is widely known for his ideas in ocean forecasting and the combined use of dynamic model and composite data sets. Lately he has also become well known for his expertise in interpretation of satellite remote sensing of the oceans. KENNETH W. RUGGLES received a B.S. degree from the U.S. Naval Academy, a M.S. degree in meteorology from the U.S. Naval Postgraduate School, and a Ph.D. degree from MIT. He is president of Systems West, Inc. Dr. Ruggles has served on various national policy advisory boards and committees. From 1978 to 1986, Dr. Ruggles was vice-pres~dent, then presi- dent of Global Weather Dynamics, Inc., where he directed implementation of innovative technologies and provided general management of private weather services and message switching communications activities. He has served as consultant in a variety of meteorological and oceanographic ser- vice areas, including to the International Civil Aviation Organization and as a member of the National Blue Ribbon Panel on Information Policy Implications of Archiving Satellite Data.