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13 CHAPTER THREE INSPECTION PROGRAM PERSONNEL This chapter reviews staff titles, responsibilities, and the Twenty-two DOTs employ district-level managers for qualifications of personnel in bridge inspection programs. inspection programs, often assigning this duty to the dis- The size, formation, and assignments of inspection teams are trict engineer. Districts (or regions at some DOTs) may discussed. The chapter begins with U.S. information and have further levels of staff working under the district continues with information collected from foreign nations. engineer to supervise inspection teams and inspection equipment. Additional central- and district-level manage- ment staff is listed in Table E2. U.S. INSPECTION STAFF TITLES U.S. federal regulations identify four staff positions for Bridge Load Rater bridge inspection programs: Ten DOTs have staff identified as a bridge load rating engi- Program manager: The individual in charge of bridge neer or similar title. Two DOTs assign bridge load rating to inspection, reporting, and inventory. the inspection program manager, 3 DOTs assign load rating Team leader: The individual in charge of an inspection to staff in charge of load permits, 13 DOTs assign load rating team and responsible for planning, performing, and re- to the state bridge engineer or other central office staff, and porting field inspections. 17 DOTs delegate some load rating duties to districts or to Load rater: The individual with the overall responsibil- engineering consultants. DOT staff titles for central and dis- ity for bridge load rating. trict-level load raters are shown in Table E3. Underwater bridge inspection diver: Individual(s) per- forming inspections, by diving, of submerged compo- Inspection Team Leaders, Inspectors, nents of bridges. Inspection Assistants U.S. state DOTs implement federal requirements and U.S. state DOTs all have staff designated as leaders of expand both program management structure and program bridge inspection teams. Titles include Team Leader, Lead technical expertise to suit the bridge population of each state. Inspector, Bridge Inspector, Safety Inspector, Supervising Staff titles were collected from 34 state DOTs plus the Inspector, and District Inspector. Twenty of 34 DOTs have U.S.DOT Eastern Federal Lands Highway Division (Eastern a separate title or grade for inspection team members subor- Federal Lands). More detailed responses can be found in the dinate to a team leader. Twelve DOTs do not identify in- tables in Appendix E. spection team members by specific job title. Other DOTs variously use one-person teams for most routine inspections Inspection Program Manager or have all field staff qualified as team leaders; one person serves as the inspector of record for a particular inspection All state DOTs identified at least one and sometimes two and other equally qualified staff serves as team members. central office personnel that manage the bridge inspection Ten DOTs identified staff as inspection assistants, inspec- program. Where two staff members are named, responsibili- tion helpers, or inspection trainees. DOT staff titles for team ties may be divided between inspection field work and bridge leaders, bridge inspectors, and inspection assistants are data management, or between state-owned bridges and local- shown in Table E4. Many DOTs employ consulting firms agency bridges (see Table E1). for inspection services and do not track numbers of staff em- ployed by consultants. Additional Inspection Program Managers Underwater Inspection Leaders and Inspectors Eight of 34 DOTs identified additional central office per- sonnel that manage contracts for inspection consultants, Ten of 34 DOTs identified agency staff as underwater leaders coordinate inspections for local agencies, manage bridge or inspectors. Fourteen DOTs do not designate staff in these data, supervise underwater inspections, supervise special job titles, and 11 DOTs employ consultants to furnish leaders inspections, or manage inspections of movable bridges. for underwater inspections. These same counts and categories