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14 apply to divers performing underwater inspections. Staff titles inspection (22 DOTs), creates or controls standard inspection for underwater inspections can be found in Table E5. reporting forms (19 DOTs), and sets the format of the bridge database (16 DOTs). The manager directs these same pro- For inspections of channels, DOTs in New York and Ore- gram aspects for inspection of non-state-owned bridges at gon identified specific personnel for fathometer and sound- 10 DOTs (see Table E9). ing inspections near bridges. The program manager determines inspection intervals (20 DOTs); identifies complex bridges (18 DOTs), fracture-critical Inspection Specialists bridges (18 DOTs), and scour-critical bridges (11 DOTs); forms DOT inspection teams (15 DOTs), assigns bridges to Nine of 34 DOTs identified personnel who focus on the in- agency teams (15 DOTs), directs the use of access methods or spection of fracture-critical or fatigue-prone members. Six equipment (10 DOTs), and assigns bridges to inspection con- DOTs identified personnel who focus on scour inspection sultants (15 DOTs) (see Table E10). and evaluation, 12 DOTs identified personnel for movable bridges and equipment, and 5 DOTs have other specialized The program manager orders the execution of damage in- personnel. Staff specialist titles are shown in Table E6. spections (21 DOTs), special inspections (15 DOTs), in-depth inspections (17 DOTs), hands-on inspections (14 DOTs), Other Inspection Staff Titles bridge monitoring (15 DOTs), field testing (11 DOTs), and the application of nondestructive testing (14 DOTs). At Other staff titles in bridge inspection programs include bridge 18 DOTs, the program manager identifies critical findings for management engineers; database engineers; bridge appraisal bridges (see Table E11 for more details). engineers; and equipment operators for snoopers, cranes, and under bridge inspection vehicles or trucks (see Table E7). The program manager directs training of inspection staff (21 DOTs), certifies (19 DOTs) and decertifies (10 DOTs) DOT leaders and inspectors, and certifies inspection staff RESPONSIBILITIES OF INSPECTION PROGRAM STAFF employed by consultants at 13 DOTs (see Table E12). Program Manager The program manager establishes QA and QC procedures (standards and oversight) at 26 of 31 DOTs, and executes Responsibilities for inspection program managers are col- QA/QC activities at 27 DOTs. The program manager also lected under several headings: executes quality programs for inspection consultants at 15 DOTs (see Table E13). Administration, including annual reports, annual bud- gets, and personnel hiring; The program manager can be involved in bridge emergency Inspection policies, including updates to bridge inspec- repairs (11 DOTs), bridge maintenance repairs (11 DOTs), and tion manuals and standards; bridge rehabilitation (4 DOTs). The manager's role can range Inspector training and qualifications; from recommending work, to monitoring progress, to execu- Inspection work, including scheduling, assignments, tion of repair work, or preparation of rehabilitation plans (see team formation, and use of inspection consultants; and Table E14 for a breakdown of responses). Inspection findings and critical inspections. The program manager is frequently involved in bridge Information was collected from 34 DOTs. load rating (21 DOTs), but less frequently involved in load posting (8 DOTs) and load permitting (6 DOTs). The man- Administrative tasks assigned to the inspection program ager's role can range from selection of load rating methods, manager include preparation of annual reports for the inspec- to execution of analyses, to collection and storage of rating tion program (14 DOTs), annual budgets for the inspection and posting data (see Table E15). program (16 DOTs), recommendations on size and composi- tion of program workforce (19 DOTs), and recommendations for inventory and types of equipment needed for inspections Bridge Load Rater (23 DOTs). Hiring of agency personnel (17 DOTs), inspec- tion consultants (24 DOTs), and agency load raters (10 The bridge load rater, in addition to performing analysis of DOTs) can also be the responsibilities of the inspection pro- bridges, can have a role in bridge inspection (25 of 29 DOTs), gram manager (see Table E8). bridge inventory data (26 DOTs), or load permitting (9 DOTs). The rater's role in bridge inspection can include requests for At most DOTs, the program manager maintains a bridge inspections, for measurements, or for monitoring. Some- inspection manual or prepares technical memoranda on times the load rater participates in the inspections themselves inspection procedures (26 DOTs), establishes methods of (see Table E16 for details).