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15 Bridge Inspection Team Leader Inspection Program Manager Inspection team leaders are responsible for the administration U.S. federal regulations require that the inspection program of inspection work both in the office and at the bridge site. manager complete comprehensive bridge inspection training Leaders plan for field inspections, set schedules for inspec- and have either registration as a professional engineer (PE) tions (28 of 29 DOTs), and assign personnel to inspection or at least 10 years of bridge inspection experience. Require- teams (2 DOTs). Leaders request (24 DOTs), coordinate ments for inspection program managers were collected from (3 DOTs), or supervise (3 DOTs) traffic control and lane 30 U.S. state DOTs. Of these, 26 require a PE license. In restrictions during inspections. Leaders request (23 DOTs), addition, 20 DOTs require professional licensure plus mini- coordinate (4 DOTs), and sometimes operate (3 DOTs) mum bridge inspection experience ranging from 2 years to UBITs/UBIVs and other access equipment. Leaders recom- 10 years, 23 DOTs require an engineering degree, and 1 DOT mend critical findings for review by supervisors (23 DOTs) or specifically requires a civil engineering degree. Five DOTs re- identify critical findings directly (5 DOTs). At three DOTs, quire a PE license, but do not require engineering degrees; 24 leaders inspect minor bridges, tunnels, light masts, sign DOTs require inspection training, usually in NHI courses; and bridges, and other structures in addition to the bridges and cul- 5 DOTs require other training. Requirements for inspection verts covered by U.S. federal regulations (see Table E17). program managers are shown in Table E23. During field inspections the team leader may specify the inspection methods to be used by the team (12 DOTs), may Bridge Load Rater act as the primary inspector assisted by a team member (9 DOTs), or may supervise the team's choice and use of U.S. federal regulations require that the person in charge of inspection methods (4 DOTs). Leaders will recommend addi- bridge load rating be a registered PE. Additional requirements tional inspections or bridge monitoring (14 DOTs). Leaders at state DOTs for load raters include bridge inspection train- will perform or will direct team members to perform hands- ing (17 of 30 DOTs) and bridge inspection experience on inspection of components (23 DOTs) (see Table E18). The (9 DOTs). At seven DOTs, bridge load rating is the responsi- team leader either performs or verifies entry of inspection data bility of the central or district-level inspection program man- to the bridge database (27 of 29 DOTs) (see Table E19 for the ager (see Table E24). complete team leader and inspection data responses). At 25 of 29 DOTs, team leaders perform QC for inspection reports Inspection Team Leader (Table E20 provides the details for the team leader and QC responses). U.S. federal regulations provide six means for qualification as a team leader for bridge inspections. These include four With the addition of supervision of diving operations, re- means specifically for team leader plus acceptance of qualifi- sponsibilities of team leaders for underwater inspections are cation as an inspection program manager, itself having two similar to responsibilities of other team leaders. means of qualification. U.S. federal regulations require com- prehensive bridge inspection training plus specific combina- tions of professional certification and bridge inspection QUALIFICATIONS OF INSPECTION STAFF experience. There is no federal requirement for bridge Training inspection experience for individuals who are registered PEs or who are certified by the National Institute for Certification U.S. federal regulations (1) require training for program man- of Engineering Technologies (NICET). Bridge inspection ex- agers and inspection team leaders in an FHWA-approved perience of two years is required for engineering graduates comprehensive course in bridge inspection. (Available NHI who have passed the fundamentals of engineering exam and training courses and in-house state DOT courses are noted in four years for individuals with an associate's degrees in Table E21 in Appendix E). engineering technology. Five years of bridge inspection experience is required for an individual without other certifi- cation or formal education. Refresher Training Qualifications for inspection team leaders were collected Twenty-six of 28 DOTs reported refresher training for in- from 34 state DOTs. Of these, seven accept federal require- spectors through NHI courses, in-house courses, in-house ments without change, and 14 DOTs add a required period of workshops, or program-wide meetings. Eight DOTs use an bridge inspection experience for registered PEs. Periods range NHI course. Eight DOTs use in-house courses, workshops, from two to six years. Twelve DOTs require a high school or other methods for refresher training. Intervals for diploma or equivalent, 4 DOTs require regular participation refresher training are five years (11 DOTs), two years (5 in DOT-developed workshops or courses for continuing cer- DOTs), annually (1 DOT), or other period (9 DOTs) (see tification as team leader, and 5 DOTs require registration as a Table E22). PE for inspection team leaders (see Table E25 for details).