Click for next page ( 95


The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 94
94 APPENDIX E Details for Program Inspection Personnel TABLE E1 U.S. STATE DOT EXECUTIVES AND INSPECTION PROGRAM MANAGER DOT Executives DOT Inspection Program Manager DOT (no. of staff) (no. of staff) Alabama Transportation Director (1) Assistant Maintenance Engineer for Chief Engineer (1) Bridges (1) Maintenance Engineer (1) Alaska Chief Engineer Bridge Management Engineer/Bridge Inspection Manager (1) Arizona State Bridge Engineer Assistant State Bridge Engineer-- Operations (1) Arkansas Maintenance Engineer Heavy Bridge Maintenance Engineer (1) California Chief, Division of Maintenance State Bridge Management Engineer (1) Connecticut Chief Engineer (1) Manager of Bridge Safety and Evaluation (1) Delaware Bridge Management Engineer State Bridge Inspection Program Manager (1) Eastern Federal Bridge Engineer Bridge Inspection Program Coordinator Lands Florida Engineer of Structures Maintenance (1) Bridge Inspection and Evaluation Engineer (1) Bridge Management Inspection Engineer Idaho State Bridge Engineer Bridge Inspection Engineer (1) Iowa State Bridge Engineer/Director, Office of Bridge Maintenance Engineer (1) Bridges and Structures (1) Kentucky Branch Manager for Bridge Preservation Chief Bridge Inspector (1) Maine Bridge Maintenance Engineer Assistant Bridge Maintenance Engineer (1) Maryland Director, Office of Bridge Development Chief, Bridge Inspection and Remedial Engineering Division (1) Michigan Bridge Operations Engineer State Bridge Inspection Program Manager (1) Missouri State Bridge Maintenance Engineer Supervising Bridge Inspection Engineer Assistant Bridge Division Engineer (1) (state bridges) Structural Services Engineer (1) (non- state bridges) Montana Bridge Engineer Bridge Management Engineer Nevada Assistant Chief Bridge Engineer-- Manager I, Registered Professional Inventory/Inspection Engineer (1) New Mexico State Bridge Engineer State Bridge Management Engineer New York Bridge Program and Evaluation Services Bridge Inspection Unit Supervisor (1) Bureau Director North Carolina Assistant State Bridge Maintenance Engineer for Inspection (1) North Dakota State Bridge Engineer State Bridge Inspection Program Manager (1) Ohio State Bridge Engineer Bridge Inspection Engineer (1) Oregon Bridge Program Manager Bridge Operations Engineer (1) Senior Bridge Inspector (1) Pennsylvania Chief Bridge Engineer Assistant Chief Bridge Engineer (1) Rhode Island Program Manager (1) South Dakota State Bridge Engineer Bridge Maintenance Engineer (1) Tennessee Manager of Bridge Inspection and Repairs, Headquarters Texas Director of the Bridge Division (1) Inspection Engineer Supervisor (1) Utah State Bridge Engineer Deputy Bridge Engineer--Operations Vermont Structures Program Manager Bridge Management and Inspection Engineer (1) Virginia Chief Engineer Engineer II--State Structure and Bridge Engineer (1) Washington Bridge and Structures Engineer Bridge Preservation Engineer (1) Local Agency Bridge Program Manager (1) West Virginia Director of Maintenance Division State Bridge Evaluation Engineer (1) Note: Shown in parentheses is the number of DOT staff in each position.

OCR for page 94
95 TABLE E2 U.S. STATE DOT REGIONAL MANAGERS AND OTHER MANAGERS Other DOT Central Managers Regional DOT Managers DOT (no. of staff) (no. of staff) Alabama County Transportation Division Engineer (9) Engineer Division Chief Bridge Inspector (9) Alaska Arizona Arkansas District Construction Engineer (10) California Office Chief (5) Connecticut Transportation Supervising Engineer Transportation Engineer III (Senior Engineer) Transportation Engineer II Transportation Engineer I Delaware Consultant Manager for Interstate Bridges Eastern Federal Lead Structural Engineer Lands Florida District Structures and Facilities Engineer District Bridge Inspection Supervisor Area Maintenance Engineer (bridges under 20 ft long) Professional Engineer, Engineering Section Leader Bridge Inspection Supervisor Section Leader Project Manager--Consultant Contract Idaho Iowa Kentucky District Bridge Engineer (12) Maine Maryland Michigan Region Bridge Engineer (7) Missouri District Bridge Engineer Montana District Inspection Coordinator Nevada New Jersey Manager, Movable Bridge Engineering DOT Project Manager for Consultant Contracts New Mexico New York Main Office Liaison Engineer (6) Bridge Management Engineer (11) North Carolina State-wide Bridge Inspection Area Bridge Inspection Supervisors (3) Superintendent (1) Bridge Underwater Inspection Supervisor (1) Bridge Special Inspections Supervisor (1) North Dakota District Inspection Manager (8) Ohio District Bridge Engineer (12) Oregon Bridge Preservation Engineer (1) District Manager Bridge Inventory Coordinator Local Agency Bridge Inspection Coordinator (1) Pennsylvania BMS Manager Bridge Inspection Agreement Manager District Bridge Engineer (11) District Inspection Manager (11) Assistant District Bridge Engineer for Inspection (11) Rhode Island Supervising Civil Engineer (2) South Dakota Bridge Operations Engineer (1) Region Bridge Maintenance Specialist (4) Local Transportation Program Bridge Engineer (1) Tennessee SI&A Manager Regional Bridge Engineer Assistant SI&A Manager Texas District Bridge Engineer Bridge Inspection Coordinator Project Manager (consultant) Utah Vermont Virginia Engineer I--District Structure and Bridge Engineer (9) District Bridge Safety Engineer Washington Regional Inspection Engineer (2) West Virginia District Bridge Engineer (10) District Evaluation Engineer (10) Notes: Where reported, the number of staff in each position is noted in parentheses. BMS = bridge management system; SI&A = structure inventory and appraisal.

OCR for page 94
96 TABLE E3 BRIDGE LOAD RATERS State Load Rater Regional/Other Load Rater DOT (no. of staff) (no. of staff) Alabama Assistant Maintenance Engineer for Bridge Rating Engineer Permits and Operations Alaska State Load Rater (1) Other rater (2) Arizona Assistant State Bridge Engineer-- Bridge Technical Leader (1) Operations Arkansas Bridge Engineer (1) Staff Structures Engineer (1) California State Load Rater (1) Connecticut Supervising Engineer (TSE) Delaware Eastern Federal Structural Engineer Lands Florida State Permits Engineer Engineering Section Leader Idaho Load Rating Engineer Consultant Load Rater Iowa Bridge Rating Engineer Assistant Rating Engineer Kentucky Chief Load Rating Engineer (1) None Maine Assistant Bridge Maintenance Engineer (1) Maryland Assistant Division Chief (1) Project Team Leader in Bridge Inspection and Remedial Engineering Division (5) Michigan None Missouri Bridge Inventory and Rating Engineer--Supervisor Montana Nevada Staff III, Registered Professional Consultant Engineers Engineer (1) New Mexico Assistant State Bridge Management Engineer New York Load Raters (consultant 16) State Bridge Load Rating Engineer Regional Load Rating Engineer (11) (2) Load Raters (6) North Carolina Analysis and Permits Supervisor (1) Bridge Analysis Supervisor (2) Bridge Analysis Engineer I and Bridge Analysis Engineer II (9) North Dakota State Bridge Load Rater (1) Ohio Bridge Engineer (3) Oregon Senior Load Rating Engineer (1) Local Load Rating Engineer (1) Load Rating Engineer (2) Pennsylvania None District Inspection Manager Heavy Hauling Permit Bridge Review Engineer (11) In-house design engineers Rhode Island State Load Rater (1) South Dakota Special Assignments Engineer (1) Tennessee Manager of Bridge Inspection and Bridge Evaluator Evaluation Texas None Utah Deputy Bridge Engineer--Design (1) Vermont BMIE directing Civil Engineer I, II, III, or IV (2) Virginia Must be PE Washington Load Rating Engineer (1) West Virginia Evaluation Section Analysis District Evaluation Engineer (10) Engineer (1) TSE = transportation supervising engineer; BMIE = Bridge Maintenance and Inspection Engineer.

OCR for page 94
97 TABLE E4 TEAM LEADERS, INSPECTORS, ASSISTANTS Team Leader Inspector Assistant DOT (no. of staff) (no. of staff) (no. of staff) Alabama Team Leader DOT-certified bridge inspector (state) Local Government Bridge Inspector (local) Alaska Team Leader (10) Inspection Assistant (2) Consultant Team Leader (varies) Arizona Team Leader (4) None Bridge Inspection Technician (4) Arkansas District Bridge Inspector (21) Bridge Inspection Helper (21) California Area Bridge Maintenance Area Bridge Maintenance Engineer (60) Engineer (60 leaders + 30 others) Connecticut Lead Inspector Bridge Safety Inspector Delaware Team Leader (3 + 2 Bridge Inspector (9 in temporary) season, temporary assignment) Eastern Federal Field Team Leader Lands Florida Bridge Inspection Team Certified Bridge Safety Leader Inspector Idaho Bridge Inspector (agency 4, Bridge Inspector consultant 9) Trainee (agency 1) Iowa Senior Team Leader (6) Bridge Inspector (6) Not used Team Leader (6) Kentucky Team Leader (agency 29, Bridge Inspector (5) Not used consultant varies) Maine One person teams (3 + 2 part Not used time) Maryland Inspection Team Leader (7) Bridge Inspector (agency Not used 11, consultants multiple) Michigan Bridge Inspector (agency 23, Not used Inspection Assistant consultant 30 to 50) (agency ~15, consultant 3050) Missouri Bridge Inspection Engineer (all qualify as leader) Montana Lead Inspector Assistant Inspector Nevada Team Leader (agency 2, Bridge Inspector Staff I, Associate consultant varies) (consultant varies) Engineer (2) New Jersey Team Leader New Mexico District Bridge Engineer or Bridge Inspector (agency District Bridge Inspector and New Mexico State University) New York Team Leader (agency 27, Assistant Team Leader Trainee (consultant 17) consultant 54) (agency 27, consultant 54) North Carolina Bridge Inspection Team Bridge Inspector (21) Not used Leader (18) North Dakota Team Leader (28) Bridge Inspector (70) Bridge Inspector (consultant varies) Ohio Bridge Specialist 2 (30) Bridge Specialist 1 (1) Oregon Certified Bridge Inspection Certified Bridge Inspector Inspection Assistant Team Leader (agency 5, (agency 2, consultant consultant 15) 15) Pennsylvania Team Leader (agency 25, Certified Bridge Inspection Not used consultant not tracked) Engineer (24) Rhode Island Supervising Bridge Safety Bridge Safety Inspector Not used Inspector (agency 1, (agency 3, consultants consultants 5 firms) 5 firms) South Dakota Project Engineer, Engineer or Technician (6) Tennessee Team Leader Texas Team Leader (agency, Bridge Inspector (agency) consultant 28 firms) Bridge Inspector (consultant 28 firms) (continued )

OCR for page 94
98 TABLE E4 (Continued) TEAM LEADERS, INSPECTORS, ASSISTANTS Team Leader Inspector Assistant DOT (no. of staff) (no. of staff) (no. of staff) Utah Team Leader (4) Bridge Inspector (4) Inspector Assistant (1) Vermont AOT Tech IV or V--Bridge Not used AOT Tech I, II, or III-- Inspection Team Leader (4) Assistant Bridge Inspector (4) Virginia Team Leader--Bridge Safety Bridge Inspector (26) Inspector (33) Engineer I (2) Bridge Inspector Senior (17) Washington Lead Inspector and Senior Inspector--Assistant Lead Inspector (9) Inspector (12) West Virginia District Team Leader (23) District Team Member (30) Notes: Where reported, the number of staff in each position is noted in parentheses. AOT = Agency of Transportation.

OCR for page 94
99 TABLE E5 UNDERWATER (DIVE) INSPECTION LEADERS AND INSPECTORS Leader Inspector DOT (no. of staff) (no. of staff) Alabama Chief Underwater Bridge Inspector Underwater Bridge Inspector-- Certified Bridge Inspector Alaska Consultant Arizona Not used Arkansas Underwater Team Leader (consultant 1) California Program Manager (1) Diver (6) Dive Supervisor (3) Connecticut Certified Diver Delaware Underwater Team Leader (consultant 1) Underwater Bridge Inspector (consultant 2) Eastern Federal Lands Florida Underwater Team Inspection Leader Idaho Not used Dive Team Member (8) Iowa Underwater Team Leader (consultant Underwater Bridge Inspector varies) (consultant, varies) Kentucky Underwater Team Leader (consultant) Maine Dive Manager (1) Underwater Bridge Inspector (14 part- time) Maryland Not used Consultants Michigan Underwater Team Leader (consultant, 3 to Underwater Bridge Inspector 5 firms) (consultant, 3 to 5 firms) Missouri Montana Nevada Underwater Team Leader (consultant, 1 Underwater Bridge Inspector firm) (consultant ~2) New Jersey Team Leader to Supervise (consultant) ACDE-certified commercial diver (consultant) New Mexico New York Underwater Team Leader (consultant 5) Dive Tender (consultant 10) Fathometer Survey Team Leader Diver (consultant 10) (consultant 5) Fathometer Surveyor (consultant 5) North Carolina Bridge Underwater Inspection Team Bridge Underwater Inspector (8) Leader (4) Underwater Inspection Supervisor (1) North Dakota Underwater Team Leader (consultant) Ohio Underwater Team Leader (consultants, 5 firms prequalified) Oregon Underwater Inspection Leader (1) Underwater Dive Team Manager Underwater Sounding Coordinator (1) Pennsylvania Not used Divers are certified bridge inspectors (consultant) Rhode Island Not used South Dakota Tennessee Diver with comprehensive inspection Divers training Texas Underwater Team Leader Underwater Bridge Inspector Utah Consultant (1) Consultant (1) Vermont Not used Not used Virginia Team Leader (1) Bridge Inspector (2) Washington Lead Underwater Inspector (1) Underwater Bridge Inspector (2) Senior Lead Underwater Inspector (1) West Virginia Title not used. Agency has five staff Not used qualified ACDE = Association of Commercial Diving Educators.

OCR for page 94
100 TABLE E6 INSPECTION SPECIALISTS Inspection Staff Title DOT (no. of staff) (no. of staff) Alabama Scour Bridge Scour Engineer Alaska Fracture-critical Consultants Scour Inspector (agency 2, consultant varies) Arizona None Arkansas California Electrical equipment Electrical Engineer (10) Fracture-critical Structural Steel Inspectors (8) Mechanical equipment Mechanical Engineer (10) Scour Hydraulics Engineer (10) Connecticut None Delaware Fracture-critical All agency inspectors Movable bridges Consultant (1) Scour Scour Engineer Eastern Federal None Lands Florida Fracture-critical Participation by District Bridge Inspection Supervisor, District Bridge Structural Engineer, or the District Structures and Facilities Engineer Movable bridges Level III NDT Inspector Idaho Equipment Bridge Inspection Equipment Specialist (1) Iowa Special inspections Special Projects Engineer (1) inspects major bridges on Mississippi and Missouri rivers Kentucky None Maine Electrical equipment Bridge Manager (1) Mechanical equipment Bridge Manager (1) Maryland Electrical equipment Consultants Mechanical equipment Consultants Michigan Electrical equipment Master Electrician (agency 1, consultant 3 to 5) Fatigue Fatigue-Prone Detail Engineer (1) Fracture-critical Fracture-Critical and Movable Bridge Engineer (1) Mechanical equipment Mechanical Equipment Inspector (consultant 3 to 5) Missouri None Montana NDT Inspections NDT Inspector Level I NDT Inspector Level II NDT Inspector Level III Nevada None New Jersey Fracture-critical AWS-certified inspector for welds New Mexico Fracture-critical Consultant New York Electrical equipment Consultant as needed Mechanical equipment Consultant as needed North Carolina Special inspections Special Inspection Supervisor (1) Bridge Special Inspections Team Leader (3) Bridge Inspector for Special Inspections (3) North Dakota None Ohio None Oregon Electrical equipment Cathodic Protection Engineer (2) Fracture-critical Fracture Control Engineer (1) Geotechnical Senior Geotechnical Engineer (1) Mechanical equipment Drawbridge Engineer (2) Scour Bridge Hydraulics Engineer (1) Pennsylvania* None Rhode Island None South Dakota None Tennessee None Texas Fracture-critical Fracture Critical Inspector Mechanical equipment Consultant Utah None Vermont QA/QC Bridge Also performs load ratings and permit reviews Inspector (1) Virginia Electrical equipment Engineer I (1) Mechanical equipment Engineer I (1) Washington Mechanical equipment Senior Lead Mechanical Inspector (2) Other equipment Inspector, Equipment (1) Scour Scour Engineer (1) Sign bridges Senior Sign Bridge Lead Inspector (1) West Virginia None *Pennsylvania DOT reports no maintenance responsibility for movable bridges. NDT = non-destructive testing; AWS = American Welding Society.

OCR for page 94
101 TABLE E7 OTHER STAFF TITLES DOT Title (no. of staff) Arizona Bridge Management Leader (1) Bridge Office Engineers (2) Bridge Office Technicians (2) Delaware Bridge Maintenance/Pontis Engineer (1) Florida Bridge Management Quality Control Engineer Local Government Bridge Inspection Program Manager Idaho Bridge Inspection Database Manager (1) Iowa Field Engineer (1) New Jersey Certifying Engineer (consultant) Ohio Snooper Operator and Bridge Specialist 2 (4) Pennsylvania Manager for Crane Operation South Dakota Bridge Appraisal Engineer (1) Virginia UBIT Operators (4) Washington Coding and Appraisal Engineer (1) Bridge Resource Engineer (1) Notes: Where reported, the number of staff in each position is noted in parentheses. UBIT = under bridge inspection trucks. TABLE E8 PROGRAM MANAGER ADMINISTRATIVE RESPONSIBILITIES Hires Hires Inspection Inspection Agency Hires Agency Annual Annual Inspection Inspection Leaders and Inspection Load DOT Report Budget Workforce Equipment Inspectors Consultants Raters Alabama Alaska Yes Yes Yes Arizona Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Arkansas California Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Connecticut Yes Yes Yes Yes Delaware Yes Yes Yes Yes Idaho Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Iowa Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Kentucky Yes Yes Maine Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Maryland Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Michigan Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Missouri Yes Yes Nebraska Yes Yes Nevada Yes Yes New Jersey Yes Yes Yes New Mexico Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes New York Yes Yes Yes Yes North Yes Yes Carolina North Dakota Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Ohio Yes Oklahoma Yes Yes Oregon Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Pennsylvania Yes Rhode Island Yes Yes South Dakota Yes Yes Tennessee Yes Yes Yes Yes Texas Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Utah Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Vermont Yes Yes Yes Yes Virginia Yes Yes Yes Yes Washington Yes Yes Yes Yes West Virginia Yes Total 14 16 19 23 17 24 10

OCR for page 94
102 TABLE E9 PROGRAM MANAGER AND PROGRAM PROCEDURES Bridge Bridge Inspection Reporting Database Local DOT Manual Methods Forms Format Bridges Alabama Yes, through district Alaska Yes Yes Arizona Yes Yes Yes Yes Arkansas Yes Chairs committee on inspection policies and procedures California Yes Yes Yes Yes, through district Connecticut Yes Yes Yes Yes Delaware Yes Yes Yes Yes Idaho Yes Yes Yes Iowa Yes Yes Yes Yes Kentucky Yes Yes Maine Yes Yes Maryland Yes Yes Yes Yes Michigan Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Missouri Yes Yes Nevada Yes New Mexico Yes Yes Yes Yes New York Yes Yes Yes Yes North Carolina Yes Yes North Dakota Yes Yes Yes Yes Ohio Yes Oregon Yes Yes Yes Yes Pennsylvania Yes Yes Yes Yes Rhode Island Yes Yes South Dakota Yes Texas Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Utah Yes Yes Vermont Yes Yes Yes Virginia Yes Yes Yes Yes Washington Yes, Yes Yes by committee West Virginia Yes Yes Yes Total 26 22 19 16 10

OCR for page 94
103 TABLE E10 PROGRAM MANAGER AND INSPECTION DETAILS Assigns Selects Identifies Identifies Forms Bridges Access Sets Identifies Fracture- Scour- Agency to Methods Assigns Inspection Complex Critical Critical Inspection Agency or Bridges to DOT Intervals Bridges Bridges Bridges Teams Teams Equipment Consultants Alabama Alaska Yes Yes Yes Yes Arizona Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Arkansas California Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Connecticut Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Delaware Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Idaho Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Iowa Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Kentucky Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Maine Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Maryland Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Michigan Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Missouri Yes Yes Nevada Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes New Mexico Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes New York Yes Yes Yes North Yes Yes Carolina North Yes Yes Yes Dakota Ohio Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Oregon Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Pennsylvania Yes Rhode Island Yes South Dakota Texas Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Utah Yes Vermont Yes Yes Yes Virginia Washington Yes Yes Yes West Yes Yes Yes Virginia Total 20 18 18 11 15 15 10 15

OCR for page 94
104 TABLE E11 PROGRAM MANAGER AND INCREASED INTENSITY INSPECTIONS Orders Orders Orders Orders In- Orders Orders Field Orders Identifies Damage Special Depth Hands-On Bridge Tests for NDT Critical DOT Inspection Inspection Inspection Inspection Monitoring Inspection Methods Findings Alabama Alaska Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Arizona Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Arkansas California Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Connecticut Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Delaware Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Idaho Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Iowa Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Kentucky Yes Maine Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Maryland Yes Michigan Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Missouri Nevada Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes New Mexico Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes New York Yes North Yes Yes Carolina North Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Dakota Ohio Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Oregon Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Pennsylvania Rhode Island Yes Yes Yes Yes South Dakota Texas Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Utah Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Vermont Yes Yes Virginia Washington Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes West Virginia Total 21 15 17 14 15 11 14 18

OCR for page 94
134 TABLE E34 SPECIAL INSPECTION TEAMS AND SPECIAL INSPECTION TYPES Fracture- Critical Special Increased Bridge Movable DOT Members Inspections Intensity Access Type Bridges Notes Alaska Yes Yes No Yes No Personnel in the Bridge Management Section do fracture-critical, special inspections, and inspections requiring access equipment Arizona No Yes No In-depth inspections by on-call consultants Arkansas No No No California Yes No Yes No Team for fracture- critical inspections that require lifts Delaware No No Yes No UBIT or boat inspection Idaho No No No Iowa No No No Kentucky Yes Yes Yes No Intra-district climbing team for fracture- critical inspections Fracture-critical team members are selected for experience and training in special access Fracture-critical team includes program manager Access/climbing crew for truss bridges and for all special inspections requiring access Maine Yes Yes No Yes Some inspectors specialize in fracture- critical or scour- critical inspections and will assist as needed Maryland Yes Yes Yes Yes Consultants for drawbridges, underwater and electrified railroads, all special/intensity inspections Michigan Yes (1 Yes, DOT fracture-critical person) complex engineer bridge All team leaders do scour inspections Missouri Yes No Yes No State bridges Yes Yes Local bridges; fracture- critical inspections by consultants Nevada No No No No New Mexico Yes No No Consultant, New Mexico State University, performs fracture-critical inspections (continued )

OCR for page 94
135 TABLE E34 (Continued) SPECIAL INSPECTION TEAMS AND SPECIAL INSPECTION TYPES Fracture- Critical Special Increased Bridge Movable DOT Members Inspections Intensity Access Type Bridges Notes New York No No North No Yes Yes Yes Specialists for movable Carolina bridges, ultrasonic testing, sign supports, high mast lights, and deck evaluations Consultants used for 6 or 7 large bridges North Yes No Yes Consultants for fracture- Dakota critical inspections on large bridges Fracture-critical inspections at small bridges are routine Ohio No No Oregon No Yes Geologist joins tunnel inspection team Pennsylvania Yes Yes Yes No Some districts form fracture-critical teams; some districts form, or hire, special teams for some inspections Inspection consultants perform dive inspections Rhode Island No No No South No No No Dakota Texas Yes Yes No Utah No Yes No May hire consultant for some specific inspections Vermont No No No Virginia No No No No No Yes Movable bridges only Washington Yes Yes One scour-critical inspector There are a few assignments of an experienced inspector to a specific bridge West No No No Virginia UBIT = under bridge inspection trucks.

OCR for page 94
136 TABLE E35 ROTATION OF INSPECTION TEAMS Teams Teams DOT Repeat Rotate Neutral Notes Alaska Yes Rotated to new routes Arizona Yes Teams remain in same regions and inspect same bridges Arkansas Yes Districts rotate assignments California Yes Same leader/same bridges including local bridges Delaware Random Random assignments Florida Yes Rotate teams for interest, alertness, objectivity Idaho Yes Team No rotation unless leader requests it leader request Iowa Yes Teams often repeat at bridges, but there is no DOT policy to repeat or avoid. Kentucky Yes, if Staffing shortages in most KTC districts prohibit possible consistent rotation of bridges to inspectors. Where possible the KTC encourages rotation of inspections. Maine Yes Repeat two cycles only for state bridges; no policy for local bridges Maryland Yes Teams repeatedly inspect the same bridges Michigan Yes Same team/bridges for routine inspection Different team for interim inspections Missouri Yes Central office rotates leaders; districts usually do not. Outcome differs by district Montana Yes Yes Leader has portfolio of bridges; 10% rotated annually to different leader Nevada Yes Neutral, no policy either way New Mexico Yes Same team/bridges each cycle New York Yes Try to rotate, when possible North Yes Yes, same teams/bridges each cycle Carolina North Yes Usually rotate teams Dakota Ohio Oregon Yes Same teams/bridges encouraged for familiarity Pennsylvania Yes Teams are alternated Rhode Island Yes 100% of inspections are by consultants; consultant assignments last 2 years South Yes Same leader/same bridges each cycle Dakota Tennessee Texas Yes Most inspections by consultant; no control on repeats Utah Yes Yes, by outcome. Assignments are random, but inspection staff is small Vermont Yes Teams work within county and district lines Virginia Yes Yes, since assignments are to region Washington Yes Rotate leaders after two cycles for state bridges. Local agencies differ West Yes Policy to rotate after each cycle, 2 years Virginia KTC = Kentucky Transportation Cabinet.

OCR for page 94
137 TABLE E36 INSPECTION CONSULTANT TEAM ASSIGNMENTS Assignment DOT Inspections Assignment Basis Assignment Term Repeat Alaska Competitive bid 3 years May Arizona By region and route Not usually Arkansas All dive inspections No California Confined space Individual bridge Non-routine dives; contaminated water Delaware Inspections that require Interstate highways 3 years significant traffic control Florida Local bridges by consultants Idaho Off-system routes 2 years Yes, many cycles Iowa Suspension bridges, Individual bridges Yes Other complex bridges Kentucky Large, complex, river Individual bridges Neutral crossing Maine Suspension bridges, Individual bridges Yes, preferred lift spans Maryland Drawbridges, Firm assignment based No Electrified railroads on budget in standing contracts Michigan As needed to Yes supplement DOT staff Missouri Consultants for local By region, by bridge Yes bridges type Nevada By inspection type, 2 years Neutral routine or in-depth New Mexico Fracture-critical Yes inspections New York All underwater and By region, and for Two cycles Not more than equipment inspections; individual major two cycles other inspections; as bridges needed 5,384 bridges in 2004 North Time-consuming No Carolina bridges + 750 municipal bridges North Dakota By type of inspection Competitive bid Neutral Ohio By type of bridge Competitive bid 3 years Neutral Oregon Local bridges By region Yes, over many State bridges By access and expertise cycles Pennsylvania All dive inspections; Within district Multi-year contract Yes other inspections as needed Rhode Island Location and along One cycle No roadways, as along a stretch of Interstate highway (continued )

OCR for page 94
138 TABLE E36 (Continued) INSPECTION CONSULTANT TEAM ASSIGNMENTS Assignment DOT Inspections Assignment Basis Assignment Term Repeat South Dakota Inspection for bridge Usually before a rehab No rehabilitation project Texas 94% of bridges By region One cycle Neutral Utah Hired on statewide No basis Vermont Special testing Prior use and Single inspection No equipment, experience service ultrasonic tests Non-routing dive inspections Virginia Larger bridges Bid process Neutral Washington Selected equipment Assigned by local Yes inspections bridge owner West Major river bridges Individual bridges 6 years Yes Virginia TABLE E37 USE OF CONSULTANTS FOR INSPECTIONS DOT Consultant Inspections Inspections DOT Note (%) (%) Alaska Routine inspections 100 0 Fracture-critical inspections 60 40 Underwater inspections 0 100 Arizona 97 3 Arkansas 95 5 California 100 0 Delaware 90 10 Idaho 43 57 Iowa 99.9 0.1 Kentucky 98 2 Maine 99.9 0.1 Maryland 99.9 0.1 Michigan 46 54 Missouri Local bridges 99 1 State bridges 100 0 Nevada 20 80 New Mexico 78 22 New York 45 55 North Carolina 96 4 North Dakota 100 0 Ohio 99.5 0.5 Oregon Non-NBI structures 100 0 Overall (11,000 structures) 64 36 NBI structures 62 38 Pennsylvania 85 15 Rhode Island 0 100 South Dakota 99.9 0.1 Texas 7 93 Utah 100 0 Vermont 100 0 Virginia 85 15 Washington Consultants do a small set of 99 1 underwater and movable bridge inspections. West Virginia 99 21

OCR for page 94
139 TABLE E38 DANISH BRIDGE INSPECTION PERSONNEL Job Title Description Workforce Bridge Department Head of bridge division, responsible for personnel, technique, 1 manager Manager (DPM) and economy (methods and budgets) Bridge Inspectors (BI) One engineer responsible for each district 6 inspectors Executes principal inspection (condition and economy needs), orders special inspection and routine inspections (by consultants) Responsible for tender and execution of repair contracts. Reports to DPM Underwater Inspectors Consultants/contractors hired for selected jobs; few Danish 2 or 3 firms bridges require inspection by divers. Bridge Load Rater Consultants hired for bridge capacity rating; reports to BI 1 rater Bridge Data Specialist, Bridge management project manager 1 manager Software Specialist Collects information/needs on software updates 3 staff, Coordinates with Danbro software consultants 2 consultants Responsible for external and internal user meetings, updating of manuals, and delivery of data to external users of bridge data

OCR for page 94
140 TABLE E39 FINNISH BRIDGE INSPECTION PERSONNEL Job Title Description Workforce Bridge Inspection Head of the bridge inspection staff at Finnra HQ 1 manager Program Manager Reports to the Finnra Bridge Section Responsible for creating and updating the bridge inspection manual, bridge inspection reporting forms, and annual reports together with the team Selects and schedules QA events for inspectors and establishes QC procedures on country level Oversees the hiring of consultants for inspection services Inspection Staff District Bridge Engineers, Certified Bridge Inspectors, and bridge experts 4 or 5 Member at the Finnra HQ inspectors Responsible for developing bridge inspection activities together with the Bridge Inspection Program Manager District Bridge Head of the bridge inspection program within a district of Finnra 9 Engineer Reports to the Finnra HQ's Bridge Inspection Program Manager engineers Responsible for scheduling bridge inspections and assigning inspection crews to bridges Selects and schedules QA events for inspectors and establishes QC procedures at district level Makes recommendations on funding, personnel, and equipment needs for the inspection program Responsible for hiring of consultants for bridge inspection services Certified Bridge Performs bridge inspection and data entry Consultant Inspector Certified Bridge Responsible for scheduling inspections of BMS reference bridges 1 Inspector Decides inspection tasks, observations, methods, and analyses of inspector (basic inspection results, etc inspections) Leader of a special inspection team of one specified consultant company Reports to District Bridge Engineer and Finnra Bridge Section Reports for BMS model work and other purposes Responsible for updating inspection data and photos in the Bridge Register Underwater Performs dive inspections Consultant Inspector Road Foreman Responsible for maintenance contracts including washing of bridges, small Consultant repairs, and annual inspections Bridge Load Person at HQ using analysis methods to determine the safe load capacity 1 rater Rater of bridges Responds to requests for new load ratings as needed for unusual (permit) loads, newly discovered deterioration, or for changes to standard design loads Hires consultants if needed Reports to the Finnra Bridge Section Bridge Data Person responsible for BMS 1 Specialist Upkeep of the Bridge Registry specialist Reports to the HQ's Bridge Inspection Program Manager, makes recommendations for software changes and updates, leads the development projects, and coordinates with software consultants or vendors for upkeep of data systems Main User of Responsible of Bridge Register and BMS use 9 users Bridge Register Main user and contact person in the district Minimum requirement Bridge Register training course for two days BMS = bridge management system.

OCR for page 94
141 TABLE E40 STAFF TITLES FOR INSPECTION CONSULTANTS: FINLAND Title Responsibilities Bridge Inspection Quality Head of bridge inspection activities (must be named by firm) Manager Responsible for the quality of inspection data Reports to the District Bridge Engineer Guides inspector QA Recommends QC procedures to the District Bridge Engineer Reports QA/QC outcomes to District Bridge Engineer Certified Bridge Inspector Performs inspection Reports to Bridge Inspection Quality Manager during field work Reports to District Bridge Engineer for urgent needs at bridges Updates inspection data and photos in the Bridge Register Underwater Inspector Personnel trained in both diving and bridge inspection Perform underwater inspections Reports to Bridge Inspection Quality Manager during field work Reports to District Bridge Engineer for urgent needs at bridges Main User of Bridge Register Responsible for Bridge Register use Main user and contact person Minimum requirement Bridge Register training course for two days

OCR for page 94
142 TABLE E41 FRENCH BRIDGE INSPECTION PERSONNEL Title Function Scope General Inspectors for There are five IGOA, each one responsible for one-fifth of the country. National Bridges (IGOA) They are linked to the Service in charge of the General Inspection of the Services of the Ministry of Equipment. Responsible for creating and updating the bridge inspection instructions LCPC Technical Directs the LRPC (regional laboratories) network National Director for bridges Selects and schedules training programs for new inspectors of LRPC (central laboratory) Selects and schedules QA events for inspectors of LRPC Establishes QC procedures for LRPC State Bridge Inspection Head of the bridge inspection program National Program Manager Head of the bridge management program Reports to the Road and Bridge Engineer of the transportation agency (Road Directorate of the Ministry of Equipment) Distributes money to CDOA to organize inspections District Managers Head of the bridge inspection program within a district (DDE) of the Departmental CDOA Chief (Cellule transportation agency (Ministry of Equipment, Road Directorate) Dpartemental des Reports to the State Bridge Inspection Program Manager Ouvrages d'Art) Responsible for scheduling bridge inspections, and selecting inspection by LRPC, private companies, or own crews. Participates in hiring of consultants for bridge inspection services. Responsible for receiving bridge inspection reporting forms and annual reports. Inspection Team Leader of a team (or crew) for bridge inspection Regional Leaders Reports to the District Manager (CDOA in the DDE) (LRPC) and Guides all field inspection activities and works as a part of the inspection departmental team (DDE) Completes all necessary preparations for field work including travel, equipment, and reporting forms Buys or hires inspection equipment They are located mainly in the LRPC; however, some team leaders are also located in the CDOA of the DDE Bridge Inspectors Personnel performing detailed inspection tasks, taking observations, Regional assigning condition ratings, etc. (LRPC) and Report to team leaders (Charg d'tudes) during field work departmental They are located mainly in the LRPC; however, some inspectors are also (DDE) located in the DDE Inspection Agent Helps the inspector in field; does the drawings and photographs Regional (LRPC) and departmental (DDE) Underwater Inspectors Personnel trained in both diving and bridge inspection. These personnel National perform underwater inspection tasks, take observations, assign condition ratings, etc. This team is located in the Laboratoire Rgional de Melun (a Laboratoire Rgional de l'Est Parisien LREP) near Paris. The chief of the team reports to the CDOA. Reports to the team leader (at LREP) during field work Rapid Bridge Person using the IQOA method to classify the conditions of bridges Departmental Evaluator This person is in the Subdivision or in the CDOA and local Report IQOA ratings to the Road Directorate Bridge Data Specialist Person responsible for use and upkeep of the data system or management or Software Specialist system that stores bridge inspection data Reports to the State Bridge Inspection Program Manager Makes recommendations for software changes and updates This job is done by SETRA with its own software, LAGORA CDOA = Cellule Dpartementale des Ouvrages d'Art; DDE = Direction Dpartementale de l'Equipement; SETRA = Services d'Etudes Techniques des Routes et Autoroutes

OCR for page 94
143 TABLE E42 BRIDGE INSPECTION STAFF: GERMANY Title Function Employed by Inspection Head of state-level inspection program; inspects all bridges on Federal state Program federal and state roads Manager Inspection Team Team leader for bridge inspections Federal state Leader Bridge Inspector Nonengineer assisting team leader Federal state Underwater In some cases, civil engineer and diver is one person. More Federal state/private Inspector or often a team is made up of a "standard" diver in the water company Team and a civil engineer outside the water with video equipment. Inspection Federal state/private Specialists company TABLE E43 INSPECTION JOB TITLES: SOUTH AFRICA Job Title Function Employed by: Bridge Network Coordinates all BMS activities, including appointments of SANRAL Manager consultants Consultant Inspection Coordinates activities and all administrative duties of consulting Consultant Team Leader engineer firm Certified Bridge This is a professional graduate bridge engineer who has attended a Consultant Inspector bridge and culvert inspection course run by SANRAL. Certificates are issued based on experience in bridges and course attendance. Certified Culvert A technician or graduate engineer who has attended a bridge and Consultant Inspector culvert inspection course run by SANRAL. Certificates are issued based on experience and course attendance. Underwater Inspector Very limited in South Africa and done on ad hoc basis Consultant Senior Bridge Verification inspections are done by these individuals. Consultant Inspector Senior bridge inspectors also inspect the large strategic structures. Inspection Specialists Only on an ad hoc basis Consultant BMS = bridge management system. TABLE E44 JOB TITLES/GRADES--SWEDISH BRIDGE INSPECTION PROGRAM Job Title Function Employed by: Inspection Works at the support and development unit. Responsible for creating SRA Program and updating the bridge inspection manual, bridge inspection Manager reporting forms, and annual reports. Selects and schedules training programs for new inspectors. Selects and schedules QA events for inspectors. Establishes QC procedures. Inspection Makes recommendations on funding, personnel, and equipment needs SRA Team for the inspection program. Responsible for scheduling bridge Leader inspections. Performs bridge inspections or hires consultants. Responsible for QA of data reported by the bridge inspectors. Bridge Performs general (major) inspections. Completes all necessary SRA/contractor Inspector preparations for field work. Performs inspection tasks, assigning physical, functional, and economical condition ratings, etc. Reports directly into the bridge management system. QC is performed by the inspection team leaders. Underwater Specially trained personnel. Performs underwater inspection tasks. Contractor Inspector Inspection Specially trained personnel. Performs special inspection tasks, Contractor Specialists investigates in greater detail detected or presumed defects. Mechanical, Specially trained personnel. Performs inspection tasks on mechanical Contractor Electrical and electrical equipment. Equipment Inspector Regular Performs inspections to detect acute damage and inspections to verify Maintenance Inspector the requirements in the maintenance contracts. contractor

OCR for page 94
144 TABLE E45 INSPECTION STAFF: UNITED KINGDOM Job Title Function Employed by: Area Structures Manages the inspection program and reviews inspection reports, and Highways Manager (ASM) approves maintenance priorities within budgets. Agency Inspection Team Takes responsibility for programming inspections within a maintenance Contractor Leader area and reviewing and certifying the inspection reports before issuing to Highways Agency Bridge Inspector Hands-on inspection Contractor Underwater To carry out periodic inspection of river bridge foundations, condition Contractor Inspector after high river flows if scour is suspected, or underwater impact damage Inspection To undertake specialist inspection that would be beyond what would be Contractor Specialists expected of a normal bridge inspector; e.g., abseilers, thermography, and other nondestructive testing These personnel work on special inspections, outside the normal scope of inspection contracts, and only after instruction by the ASM.