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146 APPENDIX B Tool Components and Forecastable Performance Measures

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Table B.1. Tool components required for developing measures of performance. Direct Factoring Direct Factoring Economic Trip Trip Mode Traffic Performance Measure of Facility Flows of O-D Flows Modeling Generation Distribution Split Assignment Additional revenue earned by producers when X shipping via rail. Administrative, engineering, and construction cost/ton- X X mile (owner cost). Average circuity for truck trips of selected O-D pattern. X Average cost per trip. X X Average crash cost per trip. X X Average fuel consumption per trip for selected trips (or X shipments). Average shipment time, cost, variability in arrival X time for freight shipments (local versus long distance, by commodity, by mode). Average speed (passenger and commercial X vehicles) on representative highway segments. Average travel time from facility to destination (by X mode). Average travel time from facility to major highway, rail, X or other network. Business volume by commodity group. X Cost per ton of freight shipped. X Cost per ton-mile by mode. X X Delay per ton-mile traveled (by mode). X X Dollar losses due to freight delays. X X Economic indicator for goods movement. X Exposure (AADT and daily trains) factor for rail X X crossings. Freight transport system supply (route miles, capacity X X X X miles, number of carriers, number of ports/terminals) per "demand unit" (dollar of manufacturing output, ton-mile of commodity movement, capita, employee, etc.). Frequency of delays at intermodal facilities. X X (continued on next page)

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Table B.1. (Continued). Direct Factoring Direct Factoring Economic Trip Trip Mode Traffic Performance Measure of Facility Flows of O-D Flows Modeling Generation Distribution Split Assignment Fuel consumption per ton-mile traveled. X X Interference of movement at grade crossings X X delay time and speed. Market share of international or regional trade by X mode. Miles of freight routes with adequate capacity. X X Mobility index (ton-miles of travel/vehicle-miles of X X travel times average speed). Mode split (by ton-mile). X X X Number of shipping establishments per 1,000 X businesses. Number of tons of freight moved by mode. X Number of truck-days of highway closure on major X X freight routes. Number of users of intermodal facilities. fcm Origin-destination travel times (by mode). X Percent change in truck traffic at border crossings. X X Percent increase in intermodal facilities use. fcm Percent of freight traffic at facility on portion of X X network. Percent of goods moved with option of more than X X one modal choice. Percent of major commodities moved by more than X X one mode. Percent of manufacturing industries within X miles of X interstate or four-lane highway. Percent of person/freight trips occurring within peak X X periods. fcm = Four-Step Commodity Modeling tools only.

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Table B.1. (Continued). Direct Factoring Direct Factoring Economic Trip Trip Mode Traffic Performance Measure of Facility Flows of O-D Flows Modeling Generation Distribution Split Assignment Percent of the cost of goods and services X attributable to transportation. Percent of traffic on regional highway that is heavy X X truck. Percent of truck VMT or tonnage affected by X weight restrictions (or clearance) on bridges. Regional truck VMT per unit of regional economic X activity/output. Revenue per ton-mile by mode. X X Ton-miles of primary commodity by distance. X X Ton-miles of primary commodity by mode. X X Ton-miles of rail freight into/through metropolitan X X areas. Ton-miles per gallon of fuel. X X Ton-miles traveled by congestion level. X X Tonnage moved on various transportation X X X components (by mode). Tonnage originating and terminating. X Tons of commodity undergoing intermodal X transfer. Tons transferred per hour. fcm Transportation costs associated with each major X commodity. Truck VMT by light duty, heavy duty, and through X X trips. Volume of traffic at border crossings. X X V/C ratio on facility access roads and at border X X crossings. fcm = Four-Step Commodity Modeling tools only.

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150 Table B.2. Forecastable performance measures for states' primary freight policy and analytical needs. Performance Measure Policy Needs Analytical Needs Additional revenue earned by producers when shipping via rail. Rail Planning; Modal Diversion Administrative, engineering and construction cost/ton-mile (owner cost). Policy and Pavement and Economic; Project Safety; Needs Prioritization Analysis Average circuity for truck trips of selected O-D pattern. Truck Flows; Project Development Average cost per trip. Modal Diversion Commodity Flow Average crash cost per trip. Pavement and Safety; Needs Analysis Average fuel consumption per trip for selected trips (or shipments). Modal Diversion Performance Measurement Average shipment time, cost, variability in arrival time for freight Modal Diversion Commodity Flow shipments (local versus long distance, by commodity, by mode). Average speed (passenger and commercial vehicles) on representative Truck Flows highway segments. Average travel time from facility to destination (by mode). Modal Diversion Terminal Access Average travel time from facility to major highway, rail, or other network. Terminal Access Business volume by commodity group. Commodity Flow Cost per ton of freight shipped. Modal Diversion Cost per ton-mile by mode. Modal Diversion Delay per ton-mile traveled (by mode). Rail Planning Modal Diversion Dollar losses due to freight delays. Policy and Economic Project Prioritization; Needs Analysis Economic indicator for goods movement. Policy and Economic Needs Analysis Exposure (annual average daily traffic and daily trains) factor for rail Rail Planning Pavement and Safety crossings. Freight transport system supply (route miles, capacity miles, number of carriers, Policy and Economic Needs Analysis number of ports/terminals) per "demand unit" (dollar of manufacturing output, ton-mile of commodity movement, capita, employee, etc.). Frequency of delays at intermodal facilities. Project Development; Bottlenecks Fuel consumption per ton-mile traveled. Modal Diversion Needs Analysis Interference of movement at grade crossings delay time and speed. Operational Needs; Truck Flows Market share of international or regional trade by mode. Modal Diversion; Trade and Border Miles of freight routes with adequate capacity. Policy and Economic Mobility index (ton-miles of travel/vehicle-miles of travel times average speed). Policy and Economic Performance Measurement

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151 Table B.2. (Continued). Performance Measure Policy Needs Analytical Needs Mode split (by ton-mile). Modal Diversion Number of shipping establishments per 1,000 businesses. Policy and Economic Performance Measurement Number of tons of freight moved by mode. Commodity Flow Number of truck-days of highway closure on major freight routes. Modal Diversion Performance Measurement Number of users of intermodal facilities. Project Development Origin-destination travel times (by mode). Modal Diversion Truck Flows Percent change in truck traffic at border crossings. Trade and Border Percent increase in intermodal facilities use. Project Development; Needs Analysis Percent of freight traffic at facility on portion of network. Project Development; Bottlenecks; Operational Needs Percent of goods moved with option of more than one modal choice. Modal Diversion Performance Measurement Percent of major commodities moved by more than one mode. Modal Diversion Performance Measurement Percent of manufacturing industries within X miles of interstate or four-lane Performance highway. Measurement; Truck Flows Percent of person/freight trips occurring within peak periods. Truck Flows; Operational Needs Percent of the cost of goods and services attributable to transportation. Commodity Flow; Performance Measurement Percent of traffic on regional highway that is heavy truck. Pavement and Safety; Operational Needs Percent of truck vehicle-miles traveled (VMT) or tonnage affected by Needs Analysis; weight restrictions (or clearance) on bridges. Operational Needs Regional truck VMT per unit of regional economic activity/output. Policy and Economic Needs Analysis Revenue per ton-mile by mode. Policy and Economic Needs Analysis Ton-miles of primary commodity by distance. Commodity Flow Ton-miles of primary commodity by mode. Commodity Flow Ton-miles of rail freight into/through metropolitan areas. Needs Analysis; Commodity Flow Ton-miles per gallon of fuel. Modal Diversion Ton-miles traveled by congestion level. Project Prioritization Project Development Tonnage moved on various transportation components (by mode) Modal Diversion Tonnage originating and terminating. Commodity Flow Tons of commodity undergoing intermodal transfer. Commodity Flow Tons transferred per hour. Operational Needs Transportation costs associated with each major commodity. Commodity Flow Truck VMT by light duty, heavy duty, and through trips. State Planning; Project Prioritization Volume of traffic at border crossings. Trade and Border Volume-to-capacity (V/C) ratio on facility access roads and at border crossings. Trade and Border Terminal Access; Bottlenecks