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References Austin, G.T. 1984. Shreve's Chemical Process Industries, Fifth edition. New York: McGraw- H~. 860 pp. Benforado, DM. 1988. Multi-Produa Manufactunng Facilities: The Practical Problems With Aggregated Wastes. Presentation at the National Research Council Committee to Evaluate Mass Balance Information for Facilities Handling Toxic Substances workshop, held March 24 26, 1988 at the National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C. Berglund, R.L., and Whipple, GM. 1986. Predictive Modelling of Air Emissions of Organic Compounds from a Full~cale Petrochemical Wastewater Treatment Facility. Presentation at the summer national meeting of American Institute of Chemical Engineers, held August 2= 27, 1986. Blot, WJ., J.F. Fraumeni, Jr., TJ. Mason, and R.N. Hoover. 1979. Developing clues to environmental cancer: A stepwise approach with the use of cancer mortality data. Environ. Health Perfect. 32:5~58. Bowditch, F.W. 1988. Letter dated May 23, 1988 from Fred W. Bowditch, Vice President, Technical Affairs Division, Motor Vehicle Manufacturer's Association of the United States, Inc. to Clayton F. Callis, Chairman of the National Research Council Committee to Evaluate Mass Balance Information for Facilities Handling Toxic Substances. Cantor, K.P., R. Hoover, TJ. Mason, and LJ. McCabe. 1978. Associations of cancer mortality with halomethanes in drinking water. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 61:97~985. Chlapek, MJ. 1988. Mass Balance Technology in the Petrochenucal Industry. Presentation at the National Research Council Committee to Evaluate Mass Balance Infonnation for Facilities Handling To~ac Substances workshop, held March 24 26, 1988 at the National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C. Clarence~mith, E. 1988a. The Use of Mass Balance Data in the Natural Resources Defense Council's Proposed Model Waste Reduction Program. 185 Presentation at the National Research Council Committee to Evaluate Mass Balance Information for Facilities Handling Toxic Substances workshop, held March 2~26, 1988 at the National Academy of Sciences, Washington' D.C. Clarence-Smith, E. 1988b. Letter dated April 29, 1988 from Edward C. Smith, Natural Resources Defense Council to Dr. Clayton F. Callis, Chairman of the National Research Council Committee to Evaluate Mass Balance Information for Facilities Handling Toxic Substances. Attachment: Testimony of Jane L. Bloom, Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc., before the Transportation, Tounsm, and Hazardous Materials Subcommittee of the House Committee on Energy and Commerce, Apri121, 1988, prepared by J.L. Bloom and N. Clarence Smith. Code of Federal Regulations. 1989. Identification and listing of hazardous waste: Definition of solid waste, Code of Federal Regulations Title 40, Pt. 261.2. Delcambre, P.R. 1987. Waste Reduction: Program Practice and Product in Chemical Manufacturing. Presentation at the Chemical Manufacturers Association workshop on waste m~mmation, held November 11-13, 1987 in New Orleans. Eberhardt, J. 1987. Waste Reduction Based on a Waste Management Program. Presentation at the Chemical Manufacturers Association workshop on waste minimization, held November 11-13, 1987 in New Orleans. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1985a. Review of Methyl Iso~anate (MIC) Production at the Union Carbide Coup. Facility Institute, West Virginia April 15, 1985. Philadelphia: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region III. 69 pp. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1985b. Survey of Methylene Chloride Emission Sources. EPA~50/3-85-015. June 1985.

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186 Research Triangle Park, N.C.: U.S. Environmental Protection Agent. 176 pp. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1985c. Survey of Perchloroethylene Emission Sources. EPA 450/3~5 017. June 1985. Research Tnangle Park, N.C.: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 133 pp. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1986a Inorganic Arsenic Emissions from Primary Copper Smelters and Arsenic Plants-Background Information for Promulgated Standards. EPA- 450/3~3~10b. Research Triangle Park, N.C.: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 322 pp. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1986b. Report to Congress: Mininuzation of Hazardous Waste. EPA/53~SW~6 033A. Washington, D.C.: Office of Solid Waste, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Available from NTIS as PB87-114336. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1987. Estimating Releases and Waste-Treatment Efficiencies for the Toxic Chemical Release Inventory Form. EPA 560/4~02. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 221 pp. Fatkin, HA. 1988. Polaroid's Toxic Use and Waste Reduction Program. Presentation at the National Research Council Committee to Evaluate Mass Balance Information for Facilities Handling Toxic Substances workshop, held March 24 26, 1988 at the National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C. Federal Register. 1985. Hazardous waste management system; definition of solid waste. January 4. Fed. Regist. 50~3~:614~68. Federal Register. 1988a. To~nc chemical release reporting; Community right-to-kno', Final rule. February 16. Fed Regist. 53~30~:4525~554. Federal Register. 1988b. Toxic chemical reporting; Community right-to-kno~r, Titanium diomde. June 20. Fed. Regist. 53(118):23108 23112. Federal Register. 1988c. Comprehensive assessment information rule; Final rule. December 22. Fed. Regist. S3~246~:51698 - 51723. Federal Register. 1989. Pollution prevention policy statement. January 26. Fed. Regist. 54(16):384~3847. Felder, R.M., and R.W. Rousseau. 1978. Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes. New York: John Wiley & Sons. Hollod, GJ., and R.F. McCartney. 1988. Waste reduction in the chemical industry: DuPont's approach. J. Air Pollut. Control Assoc. 38:17~179. Infante, P.F., RA. Rinsky, J.K. Wagoner, and RJ. Young. 1977. Leukemia in benzene workers. Lancet 2:7~78. James, D. 1985. Environmental economics, industrial process models, and regional-residuals management models. Pp. 271 - 324 in Handbook of Natural Resource and Energy Economics, Vol. AL45S BALANCE IN~FORM,4 TION 1, A.V. Kneese and J.L. Sweeney, eds. Amsterdam: North-Holland. Johnson, K, and K Gooch. 1989. Mass Balance: A Survey of State Activities. Report prepared for the National Research Council, May 1989. Washington, D.C.: Infonnation Management Program, Center for Policy Research, National Governors' Association. 29 pp. Jordan, S.P. 1988. Use of Total Carbon Mass Balance to Define High Boiling Waste Formation. Presentation at the National Research Council Committee to Evaluate Mass Balance Information for Facilities Handling Toxic Substances workshop, held March 2~26, 1988 at the National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C. Kaakinen, J.W., and R.M. Jorden. 1973. Determinations of a trace element mass balance for a coal-fired power plant. Pp. 165 - 184 In Proceedings of the First Annual NSF Trace Contaminants Conference, held August ~10, 1973 at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tenn. C0NF-730802. Sponsored by National Science Foundation- RANN. Available from IS. Key, JA., C.W. Stuewe, ILL. Standifer, F.D. Hobbs, and D.M. Pitts. 1980. Organic Chemical Manufactunug, Vol. 8: Selected Processes. EPA~50/3~028C. December 1980. Contract No. EPA 68 02-2577. Knoxville, Tenn.: IT Enviroscience. 363 pp. Khoury, MJ., A. Weinstein, S. R. Panny, Net. Holtzman, P.K. Lindsay, FJ. Warthen, NA. Street, M.O. Robertson, K.P. Farrell, and M. Eisenberg. 1986. Epidemiology of sentinel birth defects in Maryland, 1984. Md. Med. J. 35:837 845. Klusek, C.S., K.M. Miller, and M. Heit. 1983. Trace element and radionuclide mass balances at a coal-fired electric generating station. Environ. Int. 9:139~144. Loehr, R.C., and C.H. Ward. 1987. Waste treatment processes and cros~media transfer of pollutants. Pp. ~23 in Multimedia Approaches to Pollution Control: A Symposium Proceedings. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. 1983. Toxic Substances Registry System: Final Report. Submitted to U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, April 1983. Baltimore: Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. 188 pp. Mason, TJ., F.W. McKay, R. Hoover, WJ. Blot, and J.F. Fraumeni, Jr. 1975. Atlas of Cancer Mortality for U.S. Counties: 195~1969. DHEW Pub. No. (NIH) 75-780. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. 103 pp. McMichael, F.C. 1988. Uncertain in the Calculation of Mass Balances. A submittal to the National Research Council Committee to Evaluate Mass Balance Information for

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REFERENCES Facilities Handling Toxic Substances workshop, held March 24 26, 1988 at the National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C. NAE (National Academy of Engineering). 1989. Technology and Environment, J.E. Ausubel and H.E. Sladovich, eds. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 221 pp. New Jersey Department of Health. 1988. Surveillance of Occupational Illnesses, Injuries, and Hazards in New Jerspy. Trenton: Division of Occupational and Environmental Health, New Jersey Department of Health. 17 pp. Nickolaus, A.H. 1988. Mass Balance for an Adipic Acid Facility. Presentation at the National Research Council Committee to Evaluate Mass Balance Information for Facilities Handling Toxic Substances workshop, held March 24 26, 1988 at the National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C. NJDEP (New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection). 1984. Toxic Substances Control Act Cooperative Agreements. Executive Summary Report; Appendix A: Toxic Substances Investigative and Integration Unit. Report submitted in fulfillment of Cooperat*e Agreement #CS~54 01 between NJDEP and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, April 30, 1984. [Trenton]: New Jerspy Environmental Protection Agency. NJDEP (New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection). 1985. A Study of Dioxin in Aquatic Animals and Sediments. Trenton: Office of Science and Research, New Jerspy Department of Environmental Protection. 102 pp. NJDEP Mew Jersey Department of Environmental Protection). 1986. The New Jersey Industrial Surveyor. Final Report. Trenton: Office of Science and Research, New Jerspy Department of Environmental Protection. 161 pp. Noll, ME., and F.T. DePaul. 1987. Emissions of Volatile Organic Compounds from the Sewage Treatment Facilities of the Metropolitan Sanitary Distnct of Greater Chicago: Vol. I. Chicago: Metropolitan Sanitary District of Greater Chicago. 68 pp. Nowick H.W. 1987. Accounting for Waste MinilTuzation. Presentation at the Hazardous and Solid Waste Minimization: Corporate Systems & Strategies, Government Institutes, Inc., Washington, D.C., meeting, held November 20, 1987. Report prepared by H.W. Nowick at Monsanto Chemical Co., Indian Orchard Plant, Springfield, Mass. NRC (National Research Council). 1985. Reducing Hazardous Waste Generation. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 76 pp. Oman, D.E., and R.K. Ham. 1988. Ike Application of Mass Balance Techniques in the Foundary Industry. Presentation at the National Research Council Committee to Evaluate Mass Balance Information for Facilities Handling Toxic Substances workshop, held March 2~26, 1988 at 187 the National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C. Ontario Waste Management Coup. 1987. Industrial Waste Audit and Reduction Manual. Toronto: Ontario Waste Management Corp. 87 pp. OTA (U.S. Confess, Office of Technology Assessment). 1986. Serious Reduction of Hazardous Waste: For Pollution Prevention and Industrial Efficiency. UTAH 317. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. 254 pp. OTA (U.S. Confess, Office of Technology Assessment). 1987. From Pollution to Prevention: A Prowess Report on Waste Reduction. Special Report OTA-1TE-347. Washington, D.C.: [U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment]. 54 pp. Pandullo, R.F., SA. Shareef, L.E. Kincaid, and P.V. Murphy. 1985. Survey of Tnchloroethylene Emission Sources. EPA 450/3~5~21. Prepared by Radian Corp. under EPA Contract EPA~02-3816. Research Tnangle Park, N.C.: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 133 pp. Perry, R.H, D.W. Green, and ].D. Maloney, eds. 1984. Perks Chemical Engineers' Handbook, Sixth edition. New York: McGraw-Hill. Redington, D.B. 1988. The En~eenng Role of Process Material Balances. Presentation at the National Research Council Conunittee to Evaluate Mass Balance Information for Facilities Handling Toxic Substances workshop, held March 2~26, 1988 at the National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C. Rohlik, A.R. 1986. The complex matrix in environmental chemistry for the petrochemical industry. Pp. 257 - 272 in Hazardous and Industrial Solid Waste Testing and Disposal: Sixth Vol., D. Lorenzen, RA. Conway, L.P. Jackson, A. Hamza, C.L. Perket, and WJ. Lapy, eds. ASTM SlY 933. Philadelphia: American Society for Testing and Materials. Royston, M.G. 1979. Pollution Prevention Pays. New York: Pergamon. 197 pp. Sarokin, DJ., W.R. Muir, C.G. Miller, and S.R. Sperber. 1985. Cutting Chemical Wastes: What 29 Organic Chemical Plants Are Doing To Reduce Hazardous Wastes. New York: Inform. 535 pp. Standard Industrial Classification Manual. 1987. Part II: Numencal List of Short Titles. Pp. 429~35 in Standard Industrial Classification Manual, Executive Office of the President, Office of Management and Budget, Washington, D.C. NTIS Order No. PB87- 100012. Stevenson, E. 1988. New Jerseys Experience with the Industrial Survey Project. Presentation at the National Research Council Committee to Evaluate Mass Balance Information for Facilities Handling Toxic Substances

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