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45 GLOSSARY Access control--Practice of restricting entrance to a prop- Conference in November 2000. The IATA reference is erty, a building, or a room to authorized persons only. RP1706C and the ATA reference is 30.100. Air Operations Database (AODB)--Central database to be Common use strategy--Plans put together by an airport or an used for collecting, analyzing, and sharing the airports airline to execute common use solutions. operational data among the approved users and other Common use technical equipment (CUTE)--Computer sys- applications. tem provided to airlines by the airport that allows airline Airports Council International (ACI)--Worldwide airport staff to access their own computer systems without having organization that focuses primarily on international avia- their own dedicated equipment, while allowing more flex- tion issues while concurrently supporting the services and ible and efficient use of airport facilities. programs of the members in each of its five regions. CUPPS application--Certified business application that will Air Transport Association (ATA)--Trade association of run on all CUPPS certified platforms. The CUPPS appli- U.S. airlines. Its primary purpose is to represent the air- cation is the essential part of the CUPPS system providing lines in government decisions regarding aviation. the functionality the CUPPS workstation offers. It depends American Association of Airport Executives (AAAE)-- on the CUPPS application whether a workstation can be Professional organization of airport executives, whose pri- used for ticketing, as a gate podium workstation, jet way mary goal is to assist airport executives in fulfilling their podium, or anything else. There is theoretically no limita- responsibilities to the airports and communities they serve. tion as to the nature and number of applications that can be Application provider--Entity responsible for the provision offered on a CUPPS system. The provider of the CUPPS and management of its applications accessible from a application could be an airline, airport, or a third party. CUPPS workstation; for example, an airline or third party. CUPPS management group--A CUPPS management group Application supplier--Entity responsible for the develop- comprised of airlines, airports and IATA partners will be ment and/or support of an application. responsible for managing the certification process and Association of European Airlines (AEA)--Commonly refers amending CUPPS standards. to the ATB and BTP printer specifications maintained by CUPPS platform--This defined environment supports applica- AEA. tions for one or more airlines and conforms to the standards Baggage Reconciliation System (BRS)--Automated system as described in this Recommended Practice. designed to provide for the electronic tracking and match- CUTE CLUB--Cute Local User Board. ing of baggage. Dynamic signage--Signage using electronic screens such as Baggage reconciliation/tracking--Method of baggage man- liquid crystal display (LCD) or plasma screens that can be agement that creates a bag tag and tracks the baggage used to display information to passengers. The informa- throughout the sortation process until it is delivered to the tion on these screens can change, thus making them aircraft or the baggage belt. dynamic. Building management systems--Building management Gate management system (GMS)--Automated system used systems are the systems necessary to operate a building. to manage, consistent with specified airport/airline busi- These systems include heating, ventilation, and air condi- ness goals, the assignment of airport gates for use by tioning (HVAC); energy management control systems; aircraft and potentially services through different airlines. fire detection systems; standby power systems; lighting A GMS allows an airport operator or airline to plan, systems; etc. operate, manage, and document the usage of the gates. Closed circuit television (CCTV)--Surveillance equipment Depending on sophistication, a GMS can also manage the used to monitor activities within a required area. many resources critical to the movement of aircraft at air- Common use--Process, systems, and physical changes needed port gates. Highly sophisticated systems are better known at an airport to make gates useable by multiple airlines. as resource management systems. Common use continuum--Method of measuring the capac- GIDs--Gate information displays. ity of common use changes at an airport. GIS--Geographical information system. Common Use Passenger Processing (CUPPS)--Describes Hard stand--Hard-surfaced area for parking aircraft or the range of services, specifications, and standards enacted ground vehicles, usually away from the gates. to enable multiple airlines to share physical check-in Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL)--Set and/or gate podium positions (whether simultaneously or of concepts and techniques for managing information consecutively). technology (IT) infrastructure, development, and opera- Common Use Self-Service (CUSS)--Standard for multiple tions. airlines to provide a check-in application for use by pas- International Air Transport Association (IATA)--Global sengers on a single device. IATA and ATA adopted trade organization for airlines whose mission is to repre- this new standard during the Joint Passenger Service sent, lead, and serve the airline industry.
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46 Joint Passenger Services Committee (JPSC)--Joint commit- Premise Distribution System (PDS)--Engineered cable plant tee between IATA and ATA. designed with the intent of supporting all communications Local Boarding Application (LBA)--Allows each airline to systems network interconnection needs for a substantial communicate with its own host computer system. period of time. Local Departure Control System (LDCS)--Facilitates re- Remain over night (RON)--Areas of an airport used for the conciliation of passenger check-in with reservations, overnight parking and staging of an aircraft. records seat assignments, and prints boarding passes, bag Service provider--Entity responsible for maintaining the tags, and flight manifests. An LDCS is intended for use by operational service performance of the platform. airlines that are not linked to a host system. Simplifying the Business (StB)--Collection of the following MOU--Memorandum of Understanding. five initiatives by IATA to improve passenger processing Multi-User Baggage Information Display System (MU- and airline business: BIDS)--Dynamic display that shows baggage carousel 1. E-ticketing locations for all incoming flights. 2. Common Use Self-Service Multi-User Flight Information Display System (MUFIDS)-- 3. Bar-coded boarding pass Dynamic display that shows consolidated flight informa- 4. Radio frequency ID tion for all flight activity at an airport for a defined period 5. IATA e-Freight. of time. Telephony--Use or operation of an apparatus or device for the OPDB--Operational database (see AODB). transmission of sounds between distinct, separate points. Platform provider--Entity responsible for ongoing provision Voice over IP (VoIP)--Technology used to transmit voice con- and management of the platform. The platform provider versations over a data network using the Internet protocol. could be an airport, airline, or third party company. Web application services--Standardized way of integrating Platform supplier--Entity that provides any component of web-based applications using standard protocols over the the platform. Internet.