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49 SECTION 10 References Nontoxicology References Federal Aviation Administration. 2006. Inherently Low Emission Airport Vehicle Pilot Program. Federal Aviation Administration Office of Anderson, B. E., G. Chen, and D. R. Blake. 2006. Hydrocarbon Emis- Airports Community and Environmental Needs Division 24. sions from a Modern Commercial Airliner. Atmospheric Environ- GAO. 2003. Aviation and the Environment: Strategic Framework Needed ment 40(19): 36013612. to Address Challenges Posed by Aircraft Emissions. United States Arpey, G. 2007. Vantage Point: Pain at the Pump. American Way. May General Accounting Office, Washington, D.C. 2007. Gerstle, T., P. Virag, M. Wade, and L. Kimm. 1999. Aircraft Engine and Baughcum, S., T. Tritz, S. Henderson, and D. Pickett. 1996. Scheduled Auxiliary Power Unit Emissions Testing. United States Air Force Civil Aircraft Emission Inventories for 1992: Database Development IERA, Institute for Environment, Safety and Occupational Health and Analysis, NASA Contractor Report 4700, Contract NAS1- Risk Analysis. Risk Analysis Directorate, Environmental Analysis 19360. National Aeronautic and Space Administration, Langley Division, Brooks Air Force Base, TX. Research Center, Hampton, VA. April. Herndon, S. C., T. B. Onasch, et al. 2006. Aviation Engine Emissions Cadle, S. H., A. Ayala, K. Black, C. Fulper, R. Graze, F. Minassian, Characterization Using Wind-Advected Plumes. In Proceedings H. Murray, M. Natarajan, C. Tennant, and D. Lawson. 2007. Real- from APEX3 Conference, North Olmsted, OH. World Vehicle Emissions: A Summary of the Sixteenth Coordinat- Herndon, S. C., J. H. Shorter, M. S. Zahniser, D. D. Nelson, J. Jayne, R. ing Research Council On-Road Vehicle Emissions Workshop. C. Brown, R. C. Miake-Lye, et al. 2004. NO and NO2 Emission Ra- Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association 57(2): 139145. tios Measured from In-Use Commercial Aircraft during Taxi and CDM. 2003. Ambient Air Quality Human Health Risk Assessment for the Takeoff. Environmental Science & Technology 38(22): 60786084. Oakland International Airport, Port of Oakland Environmental Herndon, S. C., J. H. Shorter, M. S. Zahniser, J. Wormhoudt, D. D. Nel- Planning Department. son, K. L. Demerjian, and C. E. Kolb. 2005. Real-Time Measure- Celikel, A., N. Duchene, I. Fuller, E. Fleuti, and H. Hoffmann. 2005. Air- ments of SO2, H2CO, and CH4 Emissions from In-Use Curbside port Local Air Quality Modelling: Zurich Airport Emissions Inventory Passenger Buses in New York City Using a Chase Vehicle. Environ- Using Three Methodologies. Eurocontrol, Brussels, Belgium. mental Science & Technology 39(20): 79847990. Celikel, A., E. Fleuti, P. Hofmann, and M. Silue. 2003. Emissions Inven- Iavicoli, I., G. Carelli, and A. Bergamaschi. 2006. Exposure Evaluation tory for Lyon Saint Exupery Airport, Eurocontrol Experimental to Airborne Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in an Italian Air- Center, Bretigny, France. port. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 48(8): Chevron. 2006. Aviation Fuels Technical Review (FTR-3). Houston, TX. 815822. City of Long Beach. 2005. Long Beach Airport Terminal Area Improve- Johnsson, J. and G. Washburn. 2006. Green Call Tugs at O'Hare. The ment Project Draft Environmental Impact Report. No. 3703. SCH Chicago Tribune, December 5. No. 200309112, Long Beach, CA. Klein, D. and C. Saraceni. 1994. Breathing Room: Emissions Standards Department of Transportation and Federal Aviation Administration. Testing in California. Reason Online. www.reason.com. 2005. Draft Environmental Impact Statement for New Runways, KM Chng Environmental, Inc. 1999. 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Plohr. vey, Seattle-Tacoma International Airport. Port of Seattle, WA. 2001. In-Flight Measurement of Aircraft CO and Nonmethane Miguel, A. H., T. W. Kirchstetter, R. A. Harley, and S. V. Hering. 1998. Hydrocarbon Emission Indices. Journal of Geophysical Research- On-Road Emissions of Particulate Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocar- Atmospheres 106(D7): 74857494. bons and Black Carbon from Gasoline and Diesel Vehicles. Envi- Spicer, C. W., M. W. Holdren, R. M. Riggin, and T. F. Lyon. 1994. ronmental Science & Technology 32(4): 450455. Chemical-Composition and Photochemical Reactivity of Exhaust Miller, C. A., G. Hidy, J. Hales, C. E. Kolb, A. S. Werner, B. Haneke, from Aircraft Turbine-Engines. Annales Geophysicae-Atmospheres D. Parrish, et al. 2006. Air Emission Inventories in North America: Hydrospheres and Space Sciences 12(1011): 944955. A Critical Assessment. Journal of the Air & Waste Management As- Suppan, P. and J. Graf. 2000. The Impact of an Airport on Regional Air sociation 56(8): 11151129. Quality at Munich, Germany. International Journal of Environment Moussiopoulos, N., P. Sahm, K. Karatzas, S. Papalexiou, and A. Kara- and Pollution. 14(16): 375381. giannidis. 1997. Assessing the Impact of the New Athens Airport to Tradewind Scientific Ltd. 2006. Ambient Air Quality Study at Pearson Urban Air Quality with Contemporary Air Pollution Models. International Airport, Final Report. Transport Canada, Ottawa. Atmospheric Environment 31(10): 14971511. Unal, A., Y. Hu, M. E. Chang, M. T. Odman, and A. G. Russell. 2005. Municipality of Anchorage, Department of Health and Human Ser- Airport Related Emissions and Impacts on Air Quality: Application vices. 2003. Ted Stevens Anchorage International Airport Air Toxics to the Atlanta International Airport. Atmospheric Environment Monitoring Study. Anchorage, Environmental Quality Program, 39(32): 57875798. Environmental Services Division: 19. URS Corp. 2003. 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