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29 KEY WORD INDEX absorption 5, 7, 21, 22, 26, 27, 83, 86 effect distances 78 actigram 53 electroencephalogram (EEG) 12 actimeter 46, 53 endocrine responses 33 actimetry 46, 50, 53 epinephrine 26, 27, 59 air pollution 9, 32, 33, 35 episodic memory 62 airport proximity 20, 7982 event-detection 12, 51 air tour management plan (ATMP) 16, 62, 66 extraaural 34 air tour operations 16, 62, 64 alert behavior 72, 77 fear 11, 26, 41, 45 American National Standards Institute (ANSI) 10, 54, 60 Federal Interagency Committee on Aviation Noise (FICAN) amphibians 78 12, 26, 68 angina pectoris 37 Federal Interagency Committee on Noise (FICON) animals 4, 7, 16, 19, 63, 66, 72, 74, 76, 78 10, 12, 26, 39 annoyance 24, 7, 10, 11, 1416, 18, 23, 26, 3436, fetus 38 3945, 52, 5456, 6069 flush distance 72, 77 annoyance synthesis 11, 41, 43 flush frequency 72, 77 anti-hypertension treatment 34 front-country 26, 63, 74, 66 aquatic animals 78 Articulation Index 14, 54 ground absorption 5, 7, 22, 26, 27, 8789 auditory distraction 59 ground reflection 85, 87 auditory impact 32 ground runup 87 autonomic 33, 46 autonomic response 47 habituate 39, 46, 60, 78 habituation 34, 46, 50, 59, 60, 72, 78 awakening 2, 3, 12, 13, 4653 hard 87, 89, 90 A-weighting 26, 68, 76 headache 34 health 2, 4, 710, 12, 19, 23, 3136, 38, 39, 43, back-country visitors 63, 66 56, 61, 62, 69, 70, 72, 7880, 90 barrier noise reduction 87, 88 health effects 1, 79, 3136, 80 behavioral awakening 12, 46, 49, 52, 53 hearing 2, 8, 9, 26, 32, 35, 3739, 56, 57, 59, 65, benefit-cost analysis 81 72, 76, 79 birth weight 8, 23, 32, 37, 38, 90 hearing loss 1, 4, 9, 19, 23, 32, 34, 36, 38, 39, 52, blood pressure 8, 31, 3337, 59 72, 90 hearing threshold levels 9, 32, 38 cardiac 27, 50 hedonic model 8082 cardiovascular 8, 26, 31, 3337, 56, 59 hedonic property values 82 cardiovascular disease 8, 3137 high blood pressure 33 care facilities 8, 9, 32 highly annoyed 2, 10, 11, 23, 27, 3944 children 8, 9, 15, 23, 3133, 3638, 52, 5658, 6062, 64, 90 hospitals 8, 9, 32 cognition 58, 60 HYENA 31, 35 cognitive 36, 47, 6062 hyperactivity 61 cognitive abilities 9, 32 hypertension 1, 8, 9, 3137 cognitive function deterioration 47 coronary heart disease 33 indoor speech interference 55 Cortisol 35, 61 infant birth weight 1, 32, 37 cross-sectional 3, 8, 23, 26, 27, 31, 32, 34, 35, 37, 38, infrasound 5, 83, 87 58, 60, 62, 90 in-home 3, 12, 13, 46, 49, 53, 90 C-weighting 18, 68, 69 Integrated Noise Model (INM) 21 invertebrates 78 Doc 29 85, 86 ischemic heart disease 1, 8, 9 domestic animals 4, 7, 78 dosage-effect relationship 11, 41, 43, 44 laboratory animals 4, 19, 72 dose-response 24, 8, 1012, 16, 18, 19, 23, 27, 31, 32, 34 learning 1, 15, 23, 5561, 90 dose-response curve 2, 11, 12, 4245, 48, 5153, line of sight 8789 56, 63, 66, 71, 72 Lnight 12, 27, 46, 48, 52, 53 downwind 5, 21 long-term memory 57, 59, 61

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30 loudness 16, 27, 63, 64, 68, 69, 80 recognition 15, 57, 61, 62 low birth rates 8 refraction 5, 21, 83, 86, 87 low frequency noise 3, 4, 7, 18, 23, 6771, 90 reptiles 78 low-frequency sound levels (LFSL) 68, 70, 71 respiratory 50, 69 reverberation time 57, 58 mask 4, 19, 54 masking 14, 54, 69, 76 scattering 27, 85, 87 medication 31, 33, 34, 36 school 3, 7, 15, 20, 23, 36, 39, 5562, 79, 82 memory 15, 57, 5962 school sound insulation program 59 mental disturbances 1, 8, 32 Schultz 2, 10, 11, 39, 41, 45 mental health 27, 34, 36, 62 Schultz curve 10, 27, 39, 43 meteorology 5, 7, 21, 22, 83, 87 sedatives 34 Mexican Spotted Owls 77 sentence intelligibility 14, 55, 56 motility 46, 48, 51, 52 shielding 22, 8790 motivation 15, 23, 54, 55, 57, 59, 60, 90 short-term memory 15, 57, 62 myocardial infarction 33, 37 signal-to-noise 14, 56, 59, 64 signal-to-noise ratio 56, 64 National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) 11, 41 slant range distance 22, 88, 89 national parks 3, 16, 23, 26, 27, 6267, 90 sleep 2, 12, 35, 4548, 5053, 81 National Parks Air Tour Management Act 16, 62 sleep disorders 34 National Park Service (NPS) 62 sleep disturbance 2, 3, 7, 12, 34, 36, 38, 4353 National Parks Overflight Act 16, 62, 65 sleep dose-response 49 natural quiet 3, 16, 6266 sleep quality 45, 48, 5052 natural soundscape 16, 23, 62, 63, 65, 67, 90 sleep stage 46, 47, 52 nest attentiveness 72, 77 Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) 89 nocturnal awakening 4648 soft 26, 27, 87, 89 Noise Depreciation Index (NDI) 79 sound insulation 35, 48, 59, 60, 62 noise-induced permanent threshold shift 27, 38 soundscape 16, 23, 6365 noise-induced hearing loss 9, 32 Soundscape Preservation 16, 62, 63, 67 NOISEMAP 22, 88, 89 speech 3, 14, 34, 5458, 69 noise-power-distance (NPD) 21 speech acquisition 15, 57, 59, 60 noise sensitivity 11, 41, 45 speech intelligibility 14, 15, 23, 5458, 69, 90 non-auditory physiological effects 33 speech interference (SI) 3, 34 nuisance 52, 80, 81 Speech Interference Level (SIL) 54 speech perception 15, 57, 62 parks 3, 7, 16, 17, 6266, 82 start of take-off roll 18, 68, 69 perceived stress 61 stress hormones 35, 47 permanent threshold shifts 8, 32, 39 stress response 60, 61 physiological 26, 27, 3336, 46, 47, 50, 52, 56, 63, 66, 72, 78 stressor 8, 26, 31, 33, 35 polysomnogram 52 strigiform owls 77, 83, 86 polysomnographic 50 population awakened 3, 13, 49, 50 temperature gradients 21 predator avoidance 4, 19, 72, 74 thrust reversers 3, 18, 68 pregnancy 1, 8, 9, 32, 37, 38 Time Above (TA) 56 prey delivery rates 72, 77 tiredness 34, 46, 48 propagation 5, 21, 65, 69, 83, 8587, 89, 90 topography 5, 7, 22, 88, 89 propagation of sound 5, 21, 22, 83, 86, 87 property value 4, 7, 20, 23, 27, 7982, 90 updated Schultz Curve 39, 43 psychiatric disorders 1, 8, 32, 37 upwind 5, 21 psychological stressors 1, 9, 32 urban parks 3, 16, 17, 6264, 67 psychophysiological 8, 27, 32, 37, 59 psychosocial 37 visitor annoyance 16, 63, 65, 66 rattle 18, 6871 water 26, 27, 72, 87 rattle-related annoyance 69 wilderness 3, 7, 16, 26, 6265 reading 15, 23, 5662, 83, 86, 90 wildlife 4, 7, 19, 36, 56, 63, 66, 72, 76, 78 reading comprehension 15, 23, 5860, 62, 90 wind gradients 5, 21, 83, 86 recall 15, 57, 61, 62 World Health Organization (WHO) 14