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OCR for page 91
The Basic CAPTool Guide 93 Step 5: Countermeasure Opportunities Introduction In Step 5, CAPTA combines data from the countermeasures database with options of counter- measures. These countermeasures have been deemed appropriate and likely to assist in miti- gating the consequence to the specific asset or asset class. The displayed set of countermeasures is a subset of the entire countermeasures database, which contains a wide range of security, design, and operational countermeasures. Countermeasures only display for the combinations of assethazard/threatconsequence for which they are considered appropriate. Purpose The purpose of this step is to determine countermeasures capable of reducing risks as deter- mined by the assessment in Step 4. Definitions Potentially Effective Countermeasures--Measures determined to have potential for mitigating disruption or loss of life, property, or mission. Assumptions 1. CAPTool displays all countermeasures considered appropriate for the hazards and threats considered. 2. CAPTool uses a color code to indicate countermeasures considered to be highly or moder- ately effective: orange (seen in print as shaded gray) for high effectiveness, yellow (seen in print as shaded lighter gray) for medium effectiveness. 3. Countermeasures are identified without regard for costs. 4. CAPTA allows the user to select from a range of countermeasures and assign them to indi- vidual assets/asset classes. 5. Costs are displayed on an asset-by-asset basis, or in Step 6. User Inputs The user selects the quantity of each of the displayed countermeasures for any of the assets or asset classes for which it is shown as appropriate. CAPTool automatically displays the combina- tions of assets and countermeasures together. This display is illustrated in Figure 11. The user may choose the set of potential countermeasures based on the relevant hazards and threats and the owner's assets of interest. Because many countermeasures are widely applicable across a range of asset categories, hazards, and threats, the user may wish to limit the number of countermeasures identified based on addi- tional criteria that reflect the user's primary concerns, the availability of resources, preferences for certain countermeasure strategies, and other considerations. Furthermore, some countermeasures apply to multiple assets or asset classes and need not be selected for each asset or asset class. After the initial choice of countermeasures for the arrayed assets and asset classes, the user may select a specific asset and view the countermeasure choices for that asset as well as the cost of those measures. The user can access asset-specific data and countermeasure options by clicking the mouse on the specific asset listed across the top of the table and then clicking the "Analyze Asset" button at the top of the page. This enables the user to compare all of the countermeasure options and see their relative cost while assigning them to a particular asset.

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94 CAPTool User Guide 1 2 3 4 5 6 Basic CAPTool Filter Analyze Asset Countermeasures 1 1a 2 3 4 5a 5b 5c 5 6 Expanded CAPTool Select Candidate Countermeasures Clear All Instructions Countermeasure Next The following is a list of countermeasure opportunities for each Quantities critical asset -- yellow indicates medium effectiveness and orange indicates high effectiveness. Color Key Medium Effectiveness High Effectiveness To analyze an asset more closely, click on the name of the asset in row 15, and then click "Analyze Asset." A new sheet will pop up that details the effectivness of the countermeasure against every Road Bridges Road Tunnels Transit/Rail Station relevant threat and hazard. The sheet will also tell you how many units of countermeasure you have selected so far for the asset, All other aboveground All other belowground and the estimated cost. Government Center Park Street Station Downtown Station Downtown Tunnel Blue River Bridge Suburban Station State Line Bridge Memorial Tunnel Veteran's Bridge College Station To add units of countermeasure, enter the desired number of units Uptown Tunnel Airport Station Market Station South Station North Station into any cell. Alternatively, the "Analyze Asset" sheet also has a State Street Bay Station field for adding units of countermeasure. When you are satisfied with your CM allocation, click "Continue." Quantity of Named Asset 1 1 1 2 4 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 20 13 Lighting Countermeasures Physical Security Barriers & Berms Fences CCTV Intrusion Detection Devices Physical Inspection of asset ID Cards Biometrics Background Checks Countermeasures Metal Detectors Access Control Restricted Parking Random Inspections Visible Badges Limited Access Points Visitor Control & Escort Locks Explosive Detection Establish Clear Zones Visible Signs Design/E Seismic Retrofitting Asset Fire Detection & Supression ngr Encasement, Wrapping, Jacketing Patrols Countermeasures WX/Seismic Information Intelligence Networking Operational HAZMAT Mitigation Security Awareness Training Emergency Response Training Emergency Evacuation Planning Planned Redundancy (e.g., detours) Public Information and Dissemination Figure 11. Countermeasure selection.

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The Basic CAPTool Guide 95 Output The product of this step is a list of potential countermeasures for each asset class or proper name asset. The countermeasure opportunities are drawn from the countermeasures database described in Part I based on their effectiveness in mitigating risks associated with the asset class, threat or hazard, and consequence area. This set of countermeasures represents the range of pos- sible countermeasures that should be considered when making capital budgeting decisions. Countermeasures with orange (shaded darker gray in the printed guide) cells are judged most effective against one or more of the hazards or threats associated with the asset or asset class; countermeasures with yellow (shaded lighter gray in the printed guide) cells are judged at least moderately effective in mitigating one or more of the identified hazards or threats associated with the corresponding asset or asset class. ATA Example The ATA example is shown in Figure 12. The example screen is limited to road bridges and road tunnels to ease presentation. This example focuses the countermeasure selection on the haz- ards and threats deemed most appropriate for the road bridge and road tunnel assets. Fire was chosen in an earlier step as a likely hazard, and fire protection and suppression are prominently chosen countermeasures. The user has also chosen to fund more inspections of bridges and tun- nels and to install lighting. The inspections and lighting add to both security and safety of the bridges and tunnels, while the fire protection system enhances response capabilities.

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96 CAPTool User Guide 1 2 3 4 5 6 Basic CAPTool Analyze Asset Filter Countermeasures 1 1a 2 3 4 5a 5b 5c 5 6 Expanded CAPTool Select Candidate Countermeasures Clear All Instructions Countermeasure Next The following is a list of countermeasure opportunities for each Quantities critical asset -- yellow indicates medium effectiveness and orange indicates high effectiveness. Color Key Medium Effectiveness High Effectiveness To analyze an asset more closely, click on the name of the asset in row 15, and then click "Analyze Asset." A new sheet will pop up that details the effectivness of the countermeasure against every Road Bridges Road Tunnels relevant threat and hazard. The sheet will also tell you how many Post Road Bridge Tunnel Woodbury Bridge Tunnel units of countermeasure you have selected so far for the asset, and the estimated cost. Little River Bridge McDonald Bridge To add units of countermeasure, enter the desired number of units Walker Tunnel Fair St. Bridge Broad Bridge Shaw Bridge into any cell. Alternatively, the "Analyze Asset" sheet also has a Peck Bridge High Bridge Downtown field for adding units of countermeasure. When you are satisfied with your CM allocation, click "Continue." Quantity of Named Asset 1 1 1 4 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Lighting 2 2 22 2 2 22 2 2 2 2 2 Countermeasures Physical Security Barriers & Berms Fences CCTV Intrusion Detection Devices Physical Inspection of asset ID Cards Biometrics Background Checks Countermeasures Metal Detectors Access Control Restricted Parking Random Inspections 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Visible Badges Limited Access Points Visitor Control & Escort Locks Explosive Detection Establish Clear Zones Visible Signs Design/E Seismic Retrofitting Asset Fire Detection & Supression 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ngr Encasement, Wrapping, Jacketing Patrols Countermeasures WX/Seismic Information Intelligence Networking Operational HAZMAT Mitigation Security Awareness Training Emergency Response Training Emergency Evacuation Planning Planned Redundancy (e.g., detours) Public Information and Dissemination Figure 12. ATA countermeasure selection example.