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Conclusion 31 Table 5-1. Biosecurity checklist. Individuals who have visited a foreign country and were exposed to or had contact with farm animals (with or without a known contagious disease) within the past 5 days should not inspect or be exposed to agricultural vehicles entering the quarantine area. In addition, clothing and shoes worn on foreign farm visits should be cleaned before use at other agricultural facilities or at traffic checkpoints. Thoroughly wash hands with soap and water or antibacterial wipes or gel before and after contact with agricultural vehicles or livestock. Disposable latex gloves also may be used but not as a substitute for proper hand washing. Park your vehicle on paved or concrete areas away from cleaning and disinfection areas and vehicle or animal holding areas to avoid contact with dirt, mud, or manure. If not possible, be certain that tires are free of dirt and debris by hosing the tires and wheel wells before leaving the premises. If this does not clean the tires adequately, take the vehicle to a nearby pressure car wash. Designate the interior of your vehicle as a "clean area" and keep cleaning supplies in this area. Designate a "dirty area" of your vehicle, such as the trunk of the car or a specified enclosed area of a truck bed for double bagged clothes or dirty equipment to be taken off site. Before leaving the site, clean and disinfect boots, or tightly bag boots for later cleaning. Scrub boot bottom and sides to remove all dirt and debris, then wash with disinfectant solution. Disinfectants are not effective on dirt, manure, or other organic matter. Clean and disinfect equipment if contaminated. Use disinfectants that have been registered (or exempted) by EPA for the intended use. (Generally, a 10% dilution of household bleach is recommended, but recommendation may vary with specific disease). Follow all label safety precautions and dispose of empty containers, unused disinfectant solution, and used disinfectant in accordance with label instructions. If nondisposable clothing is soiled with manure, blood, milk, or other animal secretions or if there has been close contact with livestock (actual handling or walking where animals were within reach), double bag clothing for later cleaning. memo can be found at http://www.epa.gov/compliance/resources/policies/monitoring/inspection/ biosecuritymemo.pdf. 5.2 Additional Resources The websites shown in Table 5-2 provide links to national response documents, presidential directives, and trainings. State emergency response plans can often be found at the state emergency Table 5-2. Additional resources websites. Full text of the Presidential Directives can be found at at: http://www.fas.org/irp/offdocs/nspd/index.html The National Response Framework: http://www.dhs.gov/xprepresp/committees/editorial_0566.shtm Food and Agricultural incident annex to NRF: http://www.learningservices.us/pdf/emergency/nrf/nrp_foodagincidentannex.pdf NIMS training: http://www.fema.gov/emergency/nims/nims_training.shtm List of diseases and disinfectants: http://www.agr.ne.gov/homeland/monograph_004.doc

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32 A Guide to Traffic Control of Rural Roads in an Agricultural Emergency management agency's website. Plans specific to agricultural emergencies such as foreign animal and plant diseases can sometimes be found at the state department of agriculture website. Becoming familiar with these documents can provide a framework for developing local response priorities and plans. In the development of this guide, an annotated bibliography was prepared that reviews sev- eral of these documents. This bibliography can be found at http://trb.org/news/blurb_detail. asp?id=9424 (10).