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8 A Guide to Traffic Control of Rural Roads in an Agricultural Emergency During this period, the county may choose to implement its local emergency operations plan (LEOP) and set up traffic control around the affected premises. Local authorities and the FADD will decide whether to implement traffic control beyond the immediate vicinity of the potential outbreak until a confirmation of disease is made. If policies are not in place to enable law enforce- ment to enforce quarantines before disease confirmation is received, the incident commander may elect to place voluntary movement restrictions around the quarantine area. In some cases, traffic control in Phase 2 may consist of an officer in a squad car with its lights on, blocking a local farm road, or hay bales placed across a road with a "Road Closed" sign, form- ing a makeshift barricade. Upon receipt of a FAD confirmation from the USDA authorized laboratory, federal and state resources may be made available for the response. As additional traffic control devices become avail- able from federal, state, and other local agencies, nonstandard traffic controls should be replaced with standard devices. It is important to remember that events in Phase 2 are essentially local in nature, and depending on the nature and extent of the outbreak, it may be some time before fed- eral and state assets can be deployed. Phase 2 may include the following tasks: Informing stakeholders of suspected disease, if other animals are at risk; Gathering traffic control devices (including nonstandard devices); Gathering information on affected routes; Finalizing detour plans; Prioritizing road blocks and check points, and establishing levels of control; Enforcing a quarantine on livestock moving in or out of the area immediately surrounding where the disease is suspected; Initiating traffic control around a broader perimeter to contain the suspect disease (if deemed necessary by state policy or the local incident commander); and Preparing to deploy cleaning and disinfecting units to control points. 2.3 Phase 3: Long-Term Response Phase 3 represents the long-term response to a positive confirmation of a foreign animal or plant disease and should be enforced until the disease is eradicated. During this phase, road- blocks and traffic stops are established around the full quarantine boundary (usually a 3- to 6-mi [5- to 10-km] radius around the infected premises); additional signs and barricades are put in place to replace temporary traffic control; permanent detours are established and marked by signage; and information regarding open routes is made publicly available. Phase 3 may include the following task: Initiating traffic control around the quarantine area's perimeter, in locations not established in Phase 2; Replacing nonstandard devices with MUTCD-approved devices; Signing long-term detours; Initiating a public information campaign regarding detours, disinfection stations, travel restrictions, and other transportation-related issues; and Incorporating the available resources of state and federal agencies.