Cover Image

Not for Sale

View/Hide Left Panel
Click for next page ( 135

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement

Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 134
134 References 1. Abrahamson, N. (2005). "Selection of Ground Motion Time Series 18. Davis, C. A. and J. P. Bardet (2000). "Responses of Buried Corru- and Limits on Scaling," Personal Communication. gated Metal Pipes to Earthquakes." ASCE Journal of Geotechnical 2. ADAMA Engineering (2005a). "Mechanically Stabilized Earth and Environmental Engineering, Vol. 126, No. 1, pp 2839. Walls: Program MSEW 3.0." 19. Davis, C. A. and J. P. Bardet (1999). "Seismic Analysis of Buried 3. ADAMA Engineering (2005b). "ReSSA (2.0) Reinforced Slope Flexible Pipes." ASCE Geotechnical Special Publication No. 75-- Stability Analysis." Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering and Soil Dynamics III, 4. American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials Vol. 2. (2007). "AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications, Customary 20. DESRA (1978). "DESRA-2: Dynamic Effective Stress Response U.S. Units." 4th Edition. Analysis of Soil Deposits with Energy Transmitting Boundary In- 5. American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials cluding Assessment of Liquefaction Potential." Developed by (2002). "Standard Specification for Highway Bridges." 17th Edition. M. K. W. Lee and W. D. Finn, Department of Civil Engineering, 6. American Lifelines Alliance (2001). "Seismic Fragility Formulations University of British Columbia, Soil Mechanics Series No. 38, for Water System," ASCE, Part 1--Guidelines, April. 1978-06-23, Vancouver, BC, Canada. 7. ASCE (1994). "Guidelines for the Seismic Design of Oil and Gas 21. Dickenson, S. E., N. J. McCullough, M. G. Barkau, and B. J. Wavra Pipeline Systems." ASCE, Committee on Gas and Liquid Fuel Life- (2002). "Assessment and Mitigation of Liquefaction Hazards to lines, ASCE Technical Council on Lifeline Earthquake Engineering, Bridge Approach Embankments in Oregon." Oregon Department ASCE. of Transportation and Federal Highways Administration, Nov. 8. Ballinger, C. A. and P. G. Drake (1995). "Culvert Repair Practices 22. Elms D. A., and G. R. Martin (1979). "Factors Involved in the Manual: Volumes I and II." Report No. FHWA-RD-94-096, Federal Seismic Design of Bridge Abutments." Proceedings, Workshop on Seismic Problems Related to Bridges, Applied Technology Coun- Highway Administration, Washington, D.C. cil, San Diego, Calif. 9. Bathurst, R. J. and Z. Cai (1995). "Pseudo-Static Seismic Analysis of 23. Ensoft (2005). "PY WALL 2.0: A Program for Analysis of Flexible Geosynthetic Reinforced Segmental Retaining Walls." Geosynthetics Retaining Walls." Ensoft, Inc., International, Vol. 2, No. 5, pp 782830. 24. FHWA (2003). "Soil Nail Walls." Geotechnical Circular No. 7, 10. Bathurst, R. J., D. Walters, K. Hatami, D. Saunders, N. Vlachopoulos, FHWA0-IF-03-017, Federal Highways Administration, March. P. Burgess, and T. M. Allen (2002). "Performance Testing and 25. FHWA (1999). "Ground Anchors and Anchored Systems." Geo- Numerical Modeling of Reinforced Soil Retaining Walls." Seventh technical Engineering Circular No. 4, FHWA-IF-99-015, Federal International Geosynthetics Conference, Nice, France. Highways Administration, June. 11. Bray, J. D., and E. M. Rathje (1998). "Earthquake-Induced Dis- 26. FHWA (1998a). "Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering." Publica- placements of Solid-Waste Landfills." Journal of Geotechnical and tion No. FHWA HI-99-012, Federal Highways Administration, Geoenvironmental Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 124, No. 3, March. December. 12. Cai, Z. and R. J. Bathurst (1996). "Seismic-Induced Permanent 27. FHWA (1998b). "Design Manual for Permanent Ground Anchor Displacement of Geosynthetic-Reinforced Segmental Retaining Walls." FHWA-RD-97-130, Federal Highways Administration, Walls." Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 33, pp 937955. September. 13. Chen, W. F. and X. L. Liu (1990). Limit Analysis in Soil Mechanics. 28. FHWA (1996). "Geotechnical Engineering Circular No. 2-- Elsevier. Earth Retaining Systems." FHWA-SA-96-038, Federal Highways 14. Chida S., K. Minami, and K. Adachi (1982). Test de Stabilit de Administration. Remblais en Tere Arme. Traduit du Japonais. 29. Golder (2006). "GoldNail: The Golder Modeling Program for Soil 15. Chugh, A. K. (1995). "A Unified Procedure for Earth Pressure Cal- Nail Design." Golder Associates, culations." Proceedings: Third International Conference on Re- 30. Hamada, M., R. Isoyama, and K. Wakamatsu (1996). "Liquefaction- cent Advances in Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering and Soil Induced Ground Displacement and Its Related Damage to Lifeline Dynamics, Volume III, St. Louis, Mo. Facilities." Soils and Foundations, Special Issue. 16. Das, B. M. (2001). Principles of Foundation Engineering. 4th Edition, 31. Holzer, T. L., M. J. Bennett, J. C. Tinsley, III, D. J. Ponti, and R. V. Brooks/Cole Engineering Division, Monterey, Calif. Sharp (1996). "Causes of Ground Failure in Alluvium during the 17. Davies, T. G., R. Richards, and K-H Chen (1986). "Passive Pressure Northridge, California, Earthquake of January 17, 1994." Technical During Seismic Loading.," Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, Report NCEER-96-0012, National Center for Earthquake Engineer- ASCE, Vol. 112, No. 4, April. ing Research.

OCR for page 134
135 32. Hynes, M. E. and A. G. Franklin (1984). "Rationalizing the Seismic 51. NUREG/CR-6728 (2001). "Technical Basis for Revision of Regula- Coefficient Method." Miscellaneous Paper GL-84-13, U.S. Army tory Guidance on Design Ground Motions: Hazard- and Risk- Waterways Experiment Station, Vicksburg, Miss. Consistent Ground Motion Spectra Guidelines." Nuclear Regulatory 33. IBC (2006). "International Building Code." International Code Commission. Council. 52. Olson, S. M. and T. D. Stark (2002). "Liquefied Strength Ratio 34. Imbsen, Roy A. (2006). "Recommended LRFD Guidelines for the from Liquefaction Flow Failure Case Histories." Canadian Geo- Seismic Design of Highway Bridges." NCHRP Project 20-07, Task technical Journal, Vol. 39, June, pp 629647. 193. Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, 53. O'Rourke, T. D. (1998). "An Overview of Geotechnical and Lifeline Washington, D.C. Earthquake Engineering." ASCE Geotechnical Special Publication 35. Itasca (2007). "FLAC--Fast Lagrangian Analysis of Continua." No. 75--Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering and Soil Dynamics HCItasca, III, Vol. 2. 36. Janson, L-E. (2003). Plastic Pipes for Water Supply and Sewage 54. O'Rourke, M. J. and X. Liu (1996). "Continuous Pipeline Subject Disposal. 4th Ed. Borealis, Stockholm, Sweden. to Transient PGD: A Comparison of Solutions." Technical Report 37. Johnson, E. R., M. C. Metz, and D. A. Hackney (2003). "Assess- NCEER-96-0012, National Center for Earthquake Engineering ment of the Below-Ground Trans-Alaska Pipeline Following the Research. Magnitude 7.9 Denali Fault Earthquake." TCLEE, Monograph 55. Paulsen, S. (2002). A Numerical Model for Estimating Seismic Dis- 25, Technical Committee on Lifeline Earthquake Engineering, placements of Reinforced Steep Slopes. Master of Science Thesis, American Society of Civil Engineers. University of Washington, Seattle. 38. Kramer, S. L. (1996). Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering. Prentice 56. Paulsen, S. B. and Kramer, S. L. (2004). "A Predictive Model for Hall. Seismic Displacements of Reinforced Slopes." Geosynthetics Inter- 39. Leschinsky, D. and J. Han (2004). "Geosynthetic Reinforced Multi- national, Vol. 11, No. 6, pp 407428. tiered Walls." Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engi- 57. Peck, R. B., A. J. Hendron, and B. Mohraz (1972). "State of the Art neering, ASCE, Vol. 130, No. 12, pp 12251235. of Soft Ground Tunneling." Proceedings of the Rapid Excavation 40. Ling, H. I., D. Leschinsky, and E. B. Perry (1997). "Seismic Design and Tunneling Conference, Chicago, IL, Vol. 1. and Performance of Geosynthetic-Reinforced Soil Structures." Geo- 58. Peng, J. (1998). "Seismic Sliding and Tilting of Retaining Walls in technique, Vol. 47, No. 5, pp 933952. Kobe Earthquake." Master of Science Thesis, State University of 41. Makdisi, F. I., and H. B. Seed (1978). "Simplified Procedure for New York, Buffalo. Estimating Dam and Embankment Earthquake-Induced Defor- 59. Pockoski, M. and J. M. Duncan (2000). "Comparison of Computer mations." Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 104, GT7, Programs for Analysis of Reinforced Slopes." Virginia Polytechnic pp 849867. Institute and State University, the Charles E. Via, Jr., Department 42. Martin, G. R. and P. Qiu (1994). "Effects of Liquefaction on Vul- of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Center for Geotechnical nerability Assessment." NCEER Highway Project on Seismic Practice and Research, Blacksburg, VA, December. Vulnerability of New and Existing Highway Construction, Year 60. Prakash S., and S. Saran (1966). "Static and Dynamic Earth Pres- One Research Tasks, Technical Research Papers. sure Behind Retaining Walls." Proceedings, 3rd Symposium on 43. MCEER (2006). "Seismic Retrofitting Manual for Highway Struc- Earthquake Engineering, Roorkee, India, Vol. 1, pp 273288. tures: Part 2--Retaining Walls, Slopes, Tunnels, Culverts, and Road- 61. QUAD-4M (1994). "A Computer Program to Evaluate the Seismic ways." MCEER-0-SP11, Multi-Disciplinary Center for Earthquake Response of Soil Structures Using Finite Element Procedures and Engineering Research. Incorporating a Compliant Base." University of California, Davis. 44. MCEER (1999). "Response of Buried Pipelines Subject to Earth- 62. Richards R. and X. Shi (1994). "Seismic Lateral Pressures in Soils quake Effects." MCEER Monograph Series No. 3, Multi-Disciplinary with Cohesion." Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 120, Center for Earthquake Engineering Research. No. 7, pp 12301251. 45. McGrath, T. J., I. D. Moore, E. T. Selig, M. C. Webb, and B. Taleb 63. Richards, R. and D. G. Elms (1979). "Seismic Behavior of Gravity Re- (2002). NCHRP Report 473: Recommended Specifications for Large- taining Walls." Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 105, Span Culverts. TRB, National Research Council, Washington, D.C. GT4, pp 449464. 46. McGuire, R. K., W. J. Silva, and C. J. Costantino (2001). "Techni- 64. Richardson G. N., D. Feger, A. Fong, and K. Lee (1977). "Seismic cal Basis for Revision of Regulatory Guidance on Design Ground Testing of Reinforced Earth Walls." Journal of Geotechnical Engi- Motions: Hazard- and Risk-Consistent Ground Motion Spectra neering Division, ASCE, Vol. 103, No. GT 11 pp 117. Guidelines." NUREG/CR-6728, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commis- 65. RocScience (2005). "Slide: Stability Analysis for Soil and Rock sion, Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research, Washington. Slopes." 47. Moore, I. D. (1989). "Elastic Buckling of Buried Flexible Tubes-- 66. SCEC (2002). "Recommended Procedures for Implementation of A Review of Theory and Experiment." Journal of Geotechnical En- DMG Special Publication 117 Guidelines for Analyzing and Mit- gineering, ASCE, Vol. 115, No. 3, March, pp 340358. igating Landslide Hazards in California." Southern California 48. NCEER (1996). "Highway Culvert Performance During Earth- Earthquake Center, February. quake." NCEER Technical Report NCEER-96-0015, National 67. Schnabel, P. B., J. Lysmer, and H. B. Seed (1972). "SHAKE: A Com- Center for Earthquake Engineering Research, November. puter Program for Earthquake Response Analysis of Horizontally 49. NCEER (1992). "Case Studies of Liquefaction and Lifeline Perfor- Layered Sites." University of California--Berkeley, Earthquake En- mance during Past Earthquakes." Technical Report NCEER-92-0001, gineering Research Center, Report No. EERC 72-12, December. Volume 1, M. Hamada, and T. D. O'Rourke Eds., National Center for 68. Schwartz, C. W., and H. H. Einstein (1980). "Improved Design of Earthquake Engineering Research. Tunnel Supports: Volume 1--Simplified Analysis for Ground- 50. NCHRP Report 472: Comprehensive Specification for the Seismic Structure Interaction in Tunneling." Report No. UMTA-MA-06- Design of Bridges (2002). TRB, National Research Council, Wash- 0100-80-4, prepared for U.S. DOT, Urban Mass Transportation ington, D.C. Administration.

OCR for page 134
136 69. Seed H. B. and J. K. Mitchell (1981). "Earthquake Resistant Design of TCLEE, Monograph 25, Technical Committee on Lifeline Earth- Reinforced Earth Walls." Internal Study, progress report, Berkeley, quake Engineering, American Society of Civil Engineers. Calif. 78. Siddharthan, R., S. Ara, and G. Norris (1992). "Simple Rigid 70. Seed, H. B. and R. V. Whitman (1970). "Design of Earth Retaining Plastic Model for Seismic Tilting of Rigid Walls." Journal of Struc- Structures for Dynamic Loads." 1970 Specialty Conference Lateral tural Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 118, No. 2, pp 469467. Stresses in the Ground and Design of Earth Retaining Structures, 79. SNAIL. "SNAILZ: Soil Reinforcement Program." California Depart- ASCE, June, pp 103147. ment of Transportation. 71. Seed, R. B. and L. F. Harder (1990). "SPT-Based Analysis of Pore 80. Udaka T. (1982). "A Method for Soil-Structure Interaction Analysis." Pressure Generation and Undrained Residual Strength." In Proceed- Proceedings of the Symposium on the Use of Computers in Buildings ings of the H. B. Seed Memorial Symposium, Vol. 2, pp 351376. Engineering, Japan, March. 72. Segrestin, P. and M. L. Bastick (1988). "Seismic Design of Rein- 81. USGS (2005). "USGS National Seismic Hazard Mapping Project." forced Earth Retaining Walls--The Contribution of Finite Element United States Geological Survey, Analysis." International Geotechnical Symposium on Theory and hazmaps/products_data/48_States/index.htm Practice of Earth Reinforcement, Fukuoka, Japan, October. 82. Vrymoed, J. (1989). "Dynamic Stability of Soil-Reinforced Walls." 73. SHAKE91 (1992). "A Computer Program for Conducting Equiva- In Transportation Research Board Record 1242, TRB, National lent Linear Seismic Response Analyses of Horizontally Layered Soil Research Council, Washington, D.C., pp. 2945. Deposits." University of California, Davis. 83. Wang, J., (1993). "Seismic Design of Tunnels--A Simple State-of- 74. Shamsabadi, A. (2006). CT-FLEX--Computer Manual. Office of the-Art Design Approach." William Barclay Parsons Fellowship, Earthquake Engineering, California Department of Transportation, Parsons Brinckerhoff, Monograph 7. Sacramento, Calif. 84. Whitman, R. V. (1990). "Seismic Analysis and Behavior of Retaining 75. Shamsabadi, A. (2000). "Static and Dynamic Evaluation of Bridge Walls." Geotechnical Special Publication No. 25, ASCE, Design and Abutment Capacity." Engineer Degree (Civil) Thesis, Department of Performance of Earth Retaining Structures, ed. P. Lambe and Civil and Environmental Engineering, California State University, L. Hansen, June, pp. 817839. Long Beach, Long Beach, Calif. 85. Youd, T. L. and C. J. Beckman, (2003). "Performance of Corrugated 76. Shamsabadi, A., K. M. Rollins, and M. Kapuskar (2007). "Non- Metal Pipe (CMP) Culverts during Past Earthquakes." TCLEE, linear Soil-Abutment-Bridge Structure Interaction for Seismic Monograph 25. Performance-Based Design." Journal of Geotechnical and Geo- 86. Youd, T. L., C. M. Hansen, and S. F. Bartlett (2002). "Revised Multi- environmental Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 133, No. 6, pp 707720. linear Regression Equations for Prediction of Lateral Spread Dis- 77. Shastid, T., J. Prospero, and J. Eidinger (2003). "Southern Loop placements." Journal of Geotechnical and Environmental Engineering, Pipeline--Seismic Installation in Today's Urban Environment." ASCE, Vol. 128, No. 12, pp 10071017.