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20 their basis in proper training and enforcement of standard SUMMARY radio protocols; that is, under the purview and responsibility of the airport operator. Proper communication also has a basis Chapter three discusses in detail how poor communication in proper equipment and procedures for those vehicles being has been the source of errors affecting aviation safety, with escorted or under the jurisdiction of a team leader concept. improper radio communication and NOTAM dissemination This also is under the purview and responsibility of the air- increasing the collision risk factor during winter operations. port operator. The chapter identifies FAA's established communication protocols and regulations for both aircraft and vehicles oper- The FAA has made inroads in resolving the NOTAM dis- ating on and in the vicinity of an airport. Using proper radio semination issue but it will take time for the process to be communication procedures, monitoring and transmitting on completed. Therefore, snow removal operators must forever be the proper radio frequency, staying visually alert and antici- vigilant to the possibility that aircraft operators did not receive pating the unexpected, confining radio transmissions to safety- the vital safety information, and make plans accordingly related matters, and having direct contact with ATCT centers through constant monitoring and proper safety practices. Those will all enhance operational safety on airports. safety actions at uncontrolled airports can include: monitoring approach control frequencies, plowing in the direction of air- The chapter also discusses changes being made in the craft approaches and departures, having vehicle lights turned NOTAM dissemination process to better communicate safety on, informing tenants through a separate notification method, information in a timely and broad basis, and how the use of placing a lighted "X" on the runway, and having an individual cell phones and other audio devices can be a collision risk not actively engaged in snow removal monitor flight activity. factor by distracting the driver.